The skin Diseases and disorders

64 terms by Ashdowcl

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Abscess

collection of pus in a cavity

Acne rosacea

skin disease due to thinning of the skin producing acne like spots

Acne vulgaris

skin disease inflammation of the sebaceous glands causing papules and pustules

Bullae

large (fluid containing) blisters

Cellulitis

inflammation of the sub-cutaneous layer of the skin

Chancre

an ulcer type sore primary stage of syphilis

Comedone

blackhead

Contusion

bruise bleeding beneath the skin

Cyst

membrane encapsulated sac containing fluid or other materials

Decubitus ulcer

bed sore

Dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

Dermatosis

disease of the skin

Dermoid cyst

cyst present at birth containing embryonic materials

Eczema

inflammatory skin disease due to allergy

Erosion

rubbing away of tissues

Erysipelas

acute contagious condition of the skin causing pain, fever and local inflammation of skin, usually on the face

Erythema

reddening of skin

Excoriation

injury worsened by act of friction

Exfoliation

scaling of skin tissue in layers

Fissure

a split or cleft

Folliculitis

inflammation of a hair follicle

Furuncle

a boil an infection of the tissue around a hair follicle

Haemangioma

birth mark (e.g. port wine type)

Herpes simplex

virus causing skin infection, usually cold sores

Herpes zoster

painful shingles skin eruption along nerve path due to chicken pox virus

Hidrosis

sweating

Hirsuitism

excessive amount of body hair

Hives

also known as urticaria weal-type spots due to allergy as in nettle rash

Hyperhidrosis

excessive production of sweat

Hyperkeratosis

thickening of the horny layer of skin

Impetigo

acute contagious disease producing pustules and scabs

Keloid scar

overgrowth of scar tissue

Lesion

any abnormal change in tissue

Lupus erythematosus

inflammatory dermatitis characterised by butterfly lesion over nose and cheeks

Macule

spot or discolouration of skin not raised above the surface e.g. measles rash

Malignant melanoma

virulent cancerous invasive type of melanin producing cells

Melanoma

pigmented mole of melanin producing cells

Morbilliform

describing a type of rash similar to measles rash

Naevus

birth mark

Onychogryphosis

thickened deformed nails

Pachydermatous

thickened skin

Papilloma

simple tumour (not malignant)

Papule

spot small raised solid elevation

Paronychia

infection of a nailbed (whitlow)

Pediculosis

infestation with lice

Pemphigus

blister like eruptions which can be acute or chronic

Petechiae

small purplish patches under skin due to fluid escaped from small blood vessels

Prodromal rash

a fleeting rash which appears before the true rash of an infectious disease

Pruritus

irritation of the skin

Psoriasis

chronic skin disease characterised by scaly patches of unknown cause

Pustule

pus filled small elevation of the skin

Roseola

a rose coloured rash as in secondary syphilis

Scabies

infestation with the parasite scabies mite producing itching and soreness

Scales

compact layers of epithelial tissue shed from the skin

Seborrhoea

overactivity of the sebaceous glands which produce excessive sebum

Tinea pedis

athlete's foot

Trichosis

any abnormal state of hair

Ulcer

an open sore of skin or mucous membranes

Urticaria

nettle rash an allergic reaction

Vesicle

small fluid filled blister

Vitiligo

patchy white depigmentation of the skin

Wart (verucca)

an epidermal tumour of viral origin or any benign hardening

Wheal

an acute reaction of the skin in nettle rash/urticaria/hives

Xeroderma

abnormally dry skin

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