The Female Reproductive System-Diseases & Disorders

66 terms by POWSHAR5 

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Amenorrhoea

absence of menstruation

Anaplasia

highly malignant cells

Antepartum haemorrhage

abnormal bleeding from the womb before the birth

Bicornuate uterus

abnormality where womb has two cavities

Caput succedaneum

soft swelling caused by free fluid (oedema) on the head of a newborn baby at, or shortly after, birth - disappears rapidly

Carneous mole

pregnancy ceases and products of conception are retained in the womb

Cervical erosion

erosion of the neck of the womb

Cervical polyp

a stalk-like benign tumour in the cervix

Cervicitis

inflammation of the neck of the womb

Chlamydia

an infection of the vagina

Chloasma

patchy brown pigmentation on face (like a mask) appearing in pregnancy due to hormone changes - also in women on contraceptive pill

chorion epithelioma

malignant tumour of chorionic cells usually after formation of hyatidiform mole complication

Conjoined twins

'siamese twins' i.e. those that share an organ (organs)

Cryptomenorrhoea

hidden menstruation - loss remains inside the womb due to an unbroken hymen

Cystic fibrosis

inherited disease which glandular tissue abnormal and, in particular, lung tissue becomes increasingly unable to function properly

Cystocele

prolapse of the base of the bladder in women; causes bulging of the wall of the vagina

Dermoid cyst

congenital (present at birth) sac containing embryonic tissue of hair, nails, teeth, skin etc.

Down's syndrome

congenital condition in which there is often severe mental abnormality together with physical features of a mongoloid appearance, large tongue and stubby hands (abnormality of chromosome 21)

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding

heavy menstrual bleeding which does not appear to have any anatomical cause

Dysmenorrhoea

painful periods

Dyspareunia

painful intercourse

Dystocia

slow, difficult labour

Eclampsia

a condition in which fits occur as blood pressure becomes extremely high (danger to both fetus and mother, see pre-eclampsia)

Ectopic pregnancy

embedding of fertilised egg outside of the womb - usually in the fallopian tube

Endometriosis

condition where lining of womb is found in other sites, e.g.colon or pouch of Douglas

Fibroadenoma

a benign tumour composed of fibrous and glandular tissue

Fibroid

a benign tumour composed of fibrous and muscle tissue found in the womb

Fibromyoma

a fibroid (same as meaning of Fibroid)

Galactocele

milk cyst

Gynaecomastia

enlargement of the male breast

Hydatidiform mole

an intrauterine neoplastic mass

Hydramnios

excessive amount of amniotic fluid

Hyperemesis gravidarum

excessive vomiting during pregnancy

Infertility

inability of woman to become pregnant or man to fertilise the ovum (does not mean sterility)

Leucorrhoea

whitish vaginal discharge

Leukoplakia vulva

chronic condition characterised by thick, hard, white patches on the vulva

Lochia

vaginal discharge following childbirth

Malpresentation

abnormal presentation of fetus for delivery

Mastitis

Inflammation of the breast

Mastodynia

pain in the breast

Meconium

first fetal stools - if passed in the womb it is a clear indication of fetal distress in labour

Menorrhagia

excessive loss of blood during menstruation

Metritis

Inflammation of the womb

Metrorrhagia

heavy bleeding not at the time of period

Metrostaxis

persistent slight bleeding from the womb

Miscarriage

spontaneous abortion

Munchausen syndrome by proxy

a situation where a child or other person is deliberately made to appear ill or suffer injury so that the person responsible gains attention

Oligohydramnios

scanty amniotic fluid

Polycystic ovarian syndrome

an increasingly common condition in women in which there are multiple, enlarged follicles of the ovary, together with high levels of testosterone (male hormone). A cause of infertility and also linked with Diabetes Type II

Polymenorrhoea

frequent periods

Post-partum haemorrhage

bleeding following delivery

Pre-eclampsia

a condition during pregnancy where there is a raised blood pressure, albumin in the urine and oedema of the face and body (also known as toxaemia of pregnancy) - it precedes eclampsia

Procidentia

complete prolapse of womb into vagina through to the outside of the body

Prolapse

womb or vaginal wall protrudes into the vagina

Pseudocyesis

false pregnancy

Peurperal psychosis

severe mental illness following childbirth

Peurperal sepsis

infection of the genital tract and blood poisoning following childbirth

Pyosalpingitis

inflammation of the fallopian tube with pus formation

Pyosalpinx

presence of pus in the fallopian tube

Rectocele

prolapse of the rectum into the vaginal wall

Salpingitis

inflammation of the fallopian tubes

Striae gravidarum

silvery lines on thighs and abdomen occuring due to pregnancy - 'stretch marks'

Supernumerary nipples

development of extra nipples (male or female)

Teratogenic

'monster producing' - a virus which is capable of producing deformities in the developing fetus

Vaginismus

involuntary spasm of the vagina preventing penetration during sexual intercourse

Vaginitus

inflammation of the vagina

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