Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Crossed the isthmus of Panama and came across the Pacific Ocean in 1513
Queen Anne's War
Also known as the War of Spanish Succession. Brought raids from french and indians into the english areas of mass. and maine, while in the south brought conflict into the carolinas with the english and the spanish in florida.
would work for 5-7 years then would be freed, the master paid the way for them to get to the colony, after the 7 years was up they were owed freedom dues.
King of England who wanted to control the Atlantic coast of North America, he was Oliver Cromwell's successor, he formally created Carolina in 1670; the colony itself is named after him
French and Indian War
Was a war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley-- English defeated French in1763. Historical Significance: established England as number one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists toward England for the worse.
Albany Plan of Union
colonists met to discuss the need of a confederation regarding military and indians. Ben franklin and Thomas Hutchinson formed it
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Aferica sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa
his gravitational laws got the attention of Europeans by demonstrating the harmony of natural laws. His work stimulated others to search for answers and ideals in law, medicine, gov't etc.
1676 - Nathaniel Bacon and other western Virginia settlers were angry at Virginia Governor Berkley for trying to appease the Doeg Indians after the Doegs attacked the western settlements. The frontiersmen formed an army, with Bacon as its leader, which defeated the Indians and then marched on Jamestown and burned the city. The rebellion ended suddenly when Bacon died of an illness.
Dominion of New England
1686-The British government combined the colonies of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut into a single province headed by a royal governor (Andros). Ended in 1692, when the colonists revolted and drove out Governor Andros
(1585-88) called the "Lost Colony.", the first English colony was funded by Sir Walter Raleigh, unsuccessful ships disappeared or turned back
American theologian whose sermons and writings stimulated a period of renewed interest in religion in America (1703-1758)
(1519) led 600 troops to Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs capital where after being accepted inside, refused the offers of Montezuma and eventually conquered them with reinforcements and disease
Samuel de Champlain
"Father of New France", was a French explorer and navigator who mapped much of northeastern North America and started a settlement in Quebec
Jolliet and Marquette
French sailor and missionary who set out to find the Mississippi river. (again)
1st Spanish colony
1st French settlement
Treat of Tordesillas
1494, Portugal and Spain divide the western hemisphere
Juan Ponce de Leon
(1521) worked his way through Florida in search of gold, slaves and a fable. He died in a skirmish with Native Americans
tried to circumnavigate the world, only to die fighting with natives in the Philippines; however one of his five ships and 15 sailors returned to port having sailed around the world
Discovered what today is known as the Hudson River. Sailed for the Dutch even though he was originally from England. He was looking for a northwest passage through North America.
(1532-1536) who conquered the Incas, started the columbian exchange and created a mixing of peoples giving rise to mestizo and mulattoes
(1540-1542) led an expedition through out the southwest and central plains before returning to Mexico with out any gold,
Sudden outbreak of religious fervor that swept through the colonies, first unified movement
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages
1st colony that received slaves
Last colony founded
believed the church of england could not be reformed , and started their own congregations
Puritans, believed Church of England could be purified through reforms
King Williams War (Year)
1689-1697 One of the four wars fought between France, Spain, England and France's indian allies for control of North America. No major battles fought but brought terrifying indian raids.
King George's War
Also known as the War of Austrian Succession. It started out as a conflict with Britain and Spain, but then escalated when France sided with Spain.
Credited with starting the Great Awakening, also a leader of the "New Lights."
embodied the ideas of the Enlightenment on America with the skill, zest for learning, style of writing- such as Poor Richard's Almanac, and experimentation with things like electricity.
Colony found as Refuge for Catholics
Joint stock company that founded Jamestown
What colony was founded by Society of Friends
Head right System
used to attract settlers, 50 acres were given to colonists who brought indentured servants
Group of immigrants known as Pennsylvania Dutch
Laws that governed trade between England and its colonies. Colonists were required to ship certain products exclusively to England. These acts made colonists very angry because they were forbidden from trading with other countries.
Virginia surveyor that was captured in Ohio Valley
a movement that combined confidence and reason with skepticism toward beliefs not founded in science or logic
Ships led by Phillip of Spain 1588
The theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys
Writer who wrote about human understanding, believed deist
How does William Pitt convince Americans to do most fighting in 7 years war?
by putting the recruiting of troops in the colonies totally in the hands of the colonies themselves
Beliefs of English Puritans- morality, Calvinism
believed that the Bible was God's true law, contended that The Church of England had become a product of political struggles and man-made doctrines, they emphasized conversion and not repression, God had already chosen who would be in heaven or hell
What were explorers looking for besides getting rich?
Puritanism appealed to who in England?
the people who wanted to purify the church
Treaty of 1763
Ended the French and Indian War, France was forced to gig up Canada and all the land west of the appellations, Spanish gave up Florida
Who or what is responsible for most explorations?
How did Columbus react to the Native Americans?
He thought they could be christianized and become good servants, but thought they were inferior
Qualifications for holding office in the 18th century
Property ownership of at least 1000 acres, stock issuances
Idea that families are like little governments, with the men as leaders and the women and children as followers
What did Quakers believe in?
Do not like taxation, radical, nonconformists in nature, do not believe in a paid clergy, no oaths, simple and democratic, do not show higher authority
What did Puritan conversion require?
self examination, repentance, and public profession of grace
Roger William, Anne Hutchinson
How was Pennsylvania government characterized?
supreme power was lodged in a general assembly, to consist of a governor, council, and house of delegates. Religious freedom was guaranteed, and all freemen were allowed to vote.
1st colony in America- separate church and state
May Flower Compact
first agreement for self government in America
Salem Witch Trials
Many Salem village girls asked an African slave woman, Tituba, to tell them their fortune and talk about sorcery, soon after they were behaving strangely. Aristocratic people were also accused.
What was Puritan society organized around other than the church?
Crop that changed the West Indies
What was religion like in the Chesapeake society?
was a secondary importance
What caused Bacon's Rebellion
resented the economic and political control exercised by a few large planters in the chesapeake area
What colony had a black majority by the 18th century
Compare indentured servants to slaves
Indentured servants only worked for a certain amount of years while slaves had to work for a lifetime
How did rice change South Carolina's society
Slaves were imported as field hands
"City Upon a Hill"
Massachusetts Bay Colony, a model society for other people
What was 1st generation of New England settlement like?
freedom of religion
Act of religious toleration 1679
Ordered by Lord Baltimore The act guaranteed religious freedom to all Christians
Stono rebellion- results
a 1739 uprising of slaves in South Carolina, leading to the tightening of already harsh slave laws
What was the name of the colony the Dutch had then was taken over New England
Dutch- New Amsterdam
New England- New York
Primary purpose of Plymouth
Lumber, fur, and fish
Jesuits were sent to christianize the indians, but were tortured
What colony saw the greatest immigration to the colonies