Unit 1

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Ch. 1 Ch.2 section 1 and 2

jamestown

first colony in virginia

pilgrims

created mayflower compact. settled in cape cod

southern colonies

relied on slaves. george calvert -> catholic toleration

william penn

founded pennsylvania ->religious toleration, against war

bacon's rebellion

wanted to move more west past Appalachian mountains. bacon dies and rebellion dies with him

triangular trade

developed by colonial merchants. exchanges goods among the colonies, england, africa, Caribbean sugar planters.

glorious revolution

to prevent catholic dynasty, parliament made james and mary rule

yorktown

last battle in the revolutionary war

articles of confederation

first government for newly freed colonists

federalist

pro-constitution

anti-federalist

against constitution

eli witney

invented cotton gin and others

john c calhoun

proposed the second bank of the us

era of good feeling

nationalism swept the us. us became a whole after 1812

enumerated powers

powers specifically mentioned in the constitution

implied powers

powers not mentioned in the constitution but necessary for the good of the people

louisiana purchase

bought from france, specifically napoleon, for 11.5 million doubled the us in size

tariff of 1816

taxed imported goods to help manufacturers. new england shippers and southern farmers opposed tariffs

war of 1812

british seized american ships, congress already declared war. no official winner

jean jacques rousseau

wrote social contract. argued gov should be formed by people and people make their own laws

baron Montesquieu

wrote spirit of laws. made three branches: executive, judicial, legislative

lord baltimore

owner of maryland, refuge for catholics, religious toleration

mayflower compact

a plan for self government set up by pilgrims

house of burgesses

makes the laws and levy taxes

new england colonies

puritans, relied of subsistence farming

middle colonies

dutch, founded by henry hudson, encouraged migration, called Netherlands establishes new amsterdam on manhattan island

indentured servants

europeans who signed a contract with americans in order to work for room and board

navigation acts

all goods too and from colonies to be carried on english ships. major colonies could only sell to england or other english colonies

immigration

came from all over europe

enlightenment

1600s-1700s philosophers. physical world and human nature -> could figure out with reason and logic

great awakening

priests jonathan edwards and george whitefield renew christian faith, more traditional churches lost members

john locke

wrote 2 treasies of government and human understanding

boston masacre

crowd of colonists began taunting the british and they set fire to the colonists

committees of correspondence

suggested by thomas jefferson for a jury to communicate with one another and coordinate strategy

lexington

on the way to concord 70 minutemen 8 dead 10 wounded

concord

british head here. attacked by colonial men and farmers. trapped in boston

monroe doctrine

president declared european countries could not claim us land

industrial revolution

business booming, manufacturers start selling abroad

mcCulloch vs. maryland

supreme court ruling: states had no right to interfere with federal institutions within their borders; strengthened federal power

federation

power divided between federal and national gov and state gov

bill of rights

10 rights for american citizens

madison vs. marbury

establishes judicial review

sugar act

put a tax on tea and new taxes on trade

boston tea party

colonists mad at england for taxing tea so they dump all of the tea into the port

french and indian war

vs. england british wins

treaty of paris

agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a free and independent country

thomas jefferson

bought louisiana purchase

townshed acts

english puts taxes on all imports

stamp act

A tax that the British Pariliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the American Colonies

stamp act congress

group of colonists who protested the Stamp Act, saying that Parliament couldn't tax without colonist' consent

proclamation act of 1763

bans colonists from settling west of the appalacian mountains

benjamin franklin

American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to negotiate French support for the American Revolution.

intolerable acts

colonists boycott british goods

north west ordinance

governing new lands west of the appalacian mountains and north of the ohio river.

great compromise

roger sherman wrote this

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