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Blood

description: contains formed elements (cells - rbc, wbc, and platelets and fragments) in a watery ground substance (plasma)

Blood

function: transport and protection

Blood

location: veins, arteries, and capillaries

Hyaline Cartilage

description: most common; matrix contains least amount of collagen fibers; tough but somewhat flexible

Hyaline Cartilage

Location: end of long bones, nasal passage, larynx, rings of trachea and bronchi, fetal skeleton, costal cartilages (between ribs and sternum)

Hyaline Cartilage

function: stiff but somewhat flexible support, cushioning/reduces friction

Elastic Cartilage

description:made up of numerous elastic fibers; extremely resilient and flexible

Elastic Cartilage

function: epiglottis, outer ear (pinna), eustachian tubes, tip of nose

Elastic Cartilage

location: intervertebral disks, symphysis pubis

Fibrocartilage

description: matrix dominated by collagenous tissue that is densely interwoven; little ground substance

fibrocartilage

location: intervertebral disks, symphysis pubis

fibrocartilage

function: firmest support, limits relative movement

Loose (areolar) connective tissue

description: "packing material"; most widespread connective tissue; contains all cells & fibers in an open framework; ground substance makes up most of volume

Loose (areolar) connective tissue

location: between tissues and organs. superficial fascia, under epithelial tissue

Loose (areolar) connective tissue

function: connection/support, immunity, and storage

Adipose connective tissue

description: contains fat cells (adipocytes) and has small amount of reticular matrix

Adipose connective tissue

location: bone marrow, under skin, padding in certain areas

Adipose connective tissue

function: protection (padding), insulation (maintains body temperature), & storage (potential fuel source)

Reticular connective tissue

description: 3-D web, reticular network

Reticular connective tissue

location: spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow, liver

Reticular connective tissue

function: support (makes framework of spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow & blood vessels), makes reticular fibers, & filters substances out of blood and lymph

What are the three types of connective tissues?

connective tissue proper, fluid connective tissue, and supporting connective tissues

What are the two types of connective tissue proper?

Loose and dense

What are the two types of fluid connective tissue?

blood and lymph

What are the two types of supporting connective tissue?

cartilage and bone

General Characteristic: very vascular because of blood supply (unlike epithelium)

true

General Characteristic: ratio of cells to fibers and consistency of matrix determine type

true

General Characteristic: do not appear on free surfaces (unlike epithelium)

true

General Characteristic:very few cells, mostly matrix (unlike epithelium)

true

What cell type is most abundant in connective tissues?

fibroblasts

What are the three types of fibers in connective tissues?

elastic, collagen, and reticular

What fills spaces, surrounds fibers, clear, colorless, and has the consistency of syrup?

ground substance

What fiber is somewhat branched?

elastic

What fiber is not branched?

collagen

What fiber is mostly branched?

reticular

Loose connective tissue can also be called?

areolar

What is a connective tissue mostly of collagen fibers that forms sheets under the skin and helps attach?

fascia

What connective tissue is used as insulation for warmth?

Adipose connective tissue

What connective tissue use to be loose areolar tissue?

Adipose connective tissue

What tissue can be found in the spleen?

Reticular connective tissue

What connective tissue can sometimes be yellow or sort of yellow?

Reticular connective tissue

What connective tissue tears when not stressed in the correct direction?

Dense Fibrous Regular connective tissue

What microscope slide will be is also called or sometimes called white fibrous?

Dense Fibrous Regular connective tissue

What connects bone to bone?

ligament

What attaches muscle to bone?

tendon

What connective tissue has fibers that are parallel?

Dense Fibrous Regular connective tissue

What connective tissue is also called human skin?

Dense Fibrous Irregular connective Tissue

What connective tissue is 4/5 of all skin tissue?

Dense Fibrous Irregular connective Tissue

What connective tissue can be stressed in many directions?

Dense Fibrous Irregular connective Tissue

What is the name of the protein that makes up fibers in elastic tissue?

elastin

What connective tissue can stretch but recoils?

Elastic connective tissue

What are the three blood formed elements?

red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets

What kind of supporting connective tissue is usually stained purple?

Hyaline cartilage

What is the most common type of cartilage?

Hyaline cartilage

What lives in small pockets in lacunae and is found in cartilage in matrix?

chondrocytes

This cartilage resembles hyaline cartilage but it also has elastic fibers...

Elastic cartilage

All cartilages have...

chondrocytes

Chondrocytes are in...

lacunae

What cartilage had densely packed collagen fibers?

Fibrocartilage

What cartilage had fibers that are in wavy lines?

fibrocartilage

What cartilage serves as a shock absorber?

fibrocartilage

What is the tissue that surrounds the external surface of all bones?

Compact bone tissue

Another name for the central canal is...

the haversion canal

What kind of tissue is always covered by compact bone?

Cancellous (spongy) bone

What kind of tissue is primarily bone marrow?

Cancellous (spongy) bone

What kind of tissue is found where bones are not heavily stressed?

Cancellous (spongy) bone

What tissue is referred to as an open network?

Cancellous (spongy) bone

what is a functional unit of the bone...

osteon

Dense Fibrous Regular Connective Tissue

function: connection

Dense Fibrous Regular Connective Tissue

description: bundles of collagenous fibers in parallel rows in a fluid matrix, few fibroblasts

Dense Fibrous Regular Connective Tissue

location: tendons, ligaments, aponeuroses

Dense Fibrous Irregular Connective Tissue

Description: dense bundle of collagen that go in an irregular pattern

Dense Fibrous Irregular Connective Tissue

function: connection, protection

Dense Fibrous Irregular Connective Tissue

location: thyroid, brain, dermis of skin

Elastic Connective Tissue

description: waves of elastic fibers oriented in parallel rows in a fluid matrix, few fibroblasts

Elastic Connective Tissue

function: flexible support

Elastic Connective Tissue

location: arteries, veins, erectile tissue, air cells of lungs (alveoli), certain ligaments

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