An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eating other organisms or substances derived from other organisms.
The sugar component of DNA, having one less hydroxyl group than ribose, the sugar component of RNA.
The sugar component of RNA.
component of RNA
The synthesis of RNA on a DNA template.
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosomes in the cytoplasm and specifies the primary structure of a protein.
The synthesis of a polypeptide using the genetic information encoded in an mRNA molecule.
Modification of RNA before it leaves the nucleus, a process unique to eukaryotes.
A set of three-nucleotide-long words that specify the amino acids for polypeptide chains.
A three-nucleotide sequence of DNA or mRNA that specifies a particular amino acid or termination signal; the basic unit of the genetic code.
The way a cell's mRNA-translating machinery groups the mRNA nucleotides into codons.
An enzyme that links together the growing chain of ribonucleotides during transcription.
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA that binds RNA polymerase and indicates where to start transcribing RNA.
A regulatory protein that binds to DNA and stimulates transcription of specific genes.
An RNA molecule that functions as an interpreter between nucleic acid and protein language by picking up specific amino acids and recognizing the appropriate codons in the mRNA.
A specialized base triplet at one end of a tRNA molecule that recognizes a particular complementary codon on an mRNA molecule.
The most abundant type of RNA, which together with proteins, forms the structure of ribosomes. Ribosomes coordinate the sequential coupling of tRNA molecules to mRNA codons.
An aggregation of several ribosomes attached to one messenger RNA molecule.
world; order; form
added to nouns to form diminutive