French Grammar Chapitre 2
|est-ce que||est-ce que tu aimes cette robe? do you like this dress?|
|inversion:||aimes-tu cette robe? do you like this dress?. if the verb is negative: n'aimes-tu pas mes tatouages? if the verb is in a compound tense: as-tu acheté son nouveau cd? did you buy her new CD?.|
|inversion: if the subject is a noun.||the noun remains in its normal place in the sentence, and a corresponding pronoun is invested with the verb. ex. monique aime tes dreads. monique aims-t-elle tes dreads?|
|n'est pas||don't you? tu aimed jouer de la huitaine, n'est-ce pas?. you like playing the guitar, don't you?|
|interoggative adverbs: combien, comment, où, pourquoi, quand|| combien (how much). ex. combine est-ce que vous avez payé ce collier? How much did you pay for this necklace?. |
Quand: Quand est-ce que. When did..
|Combien, comment, où, pourquoi, quand||combien (how much), comment (how), où (where), pourquoi (why), quand (when)|
| combien and quand use...|
ou and comment use...
with pourquoi, however...
|est-ce. combien est-ce que and quand est-ce que|
-stand alone. ex. où est mon chapeau. comment va ta soeur?
-with pourquoi, however, the subject remains in its normal position, and the verb is inverted with the corresponding subject pronoun. Pourquoi Sophie veut-elle un piercing au nombril?. why does sophie want a babel ring?
|interrogative adjectives: quel, quelle, quels, qulles||means which or what. it can only be followed by a noun or by a conjugated form of the verb être ex. Quel maillot préfères-tu? Which swimsuit do you prefer? ex. Quelle est la difference? What is the difference?|
|Invariable interrogative pronouns: (hard stuff). to ask a question about a person .... to ask a question about a thing...||to ask a question about a person, Qui is always used. it is always at the start of the sentence because its the subject UNLESS it is the object of a preposition aka it is followed by a preposition. ex. Qui aime Diam's? Who likes Diam's? or Avec qui sors-tu ce sour? with whom are you going out tonight?. |
to ask a question about a thing: use qu'est-ce qui as a subject, que/qu'est-ce sue as a direct object, and quip as object of a preposition. ex. Subject: Qu'est-ce qui t'interesse? What interests you? Direct object: que/qu' for inversion: Que fais-tu? What are you doing?. Without inversion: Qu'est-ce que tu as acheté? What did you buy? (rearrange sentence to see if DO). Object of preposition: quio (inversion) De quio parles-tu? What are you talking about? Without inversion but object of preposition: Avec quoi est-ce qu'elle se tent les cheveux? What is she dying her hair with?
|Variable interrogative pronouns: lequel. what are the endings and explain usage||lequel, laquelle, lesquels, lesquelles.|
usage: lequel and its forms are always placed at the beginning of a question, and indicated a choice. this pronoun contracts with the prepositions à and de in the same way that the definite articles le and les do. lequel MEANS WHICH. if see an à or de use lequel. ex. lequel de ces jeunes homes joke de la guitar? Which one of these young men plays the guitar? AUQUEL is used when choosing between just two things rather than a whole group like lequel ex. There are two rock concerts tonight. Which one do you want to go to? Il y a demux concerts de rock ce soir. Auquel veux-tu aller?
|Il (elle) est. vs. c'est||il (elle) est is generally followed by an adjective. ex. Il est sympathique. He is nice. C'est is generally followed by a noun. C'est le copain de vincent au telephone. its vincents friend on the phone. C'est is also used to refer to a previously mentioned idea or situation. Tu n'as pas aime le concert? C'est vraiment dommage! You didn't like the concert? Thats really too bad!|