means "to cut sugar"
first stage of cellular respiration
second stage of cellular respiration
citric acid cycle
the krebs cycle is also known as the...
the third stage of cellular respiration
glycolysis is an _________ process.
glycolysis produces _____ ATP.
ADP stands for...
adenine, ribose, and three phosphates
the molecule adenosine triphosphate is composed of...
five carbon sugar
ribose is a ______.
phosphorylation that involves free-floating PO4
phosphorylation that involves PO4 from another molecule
second and third ATP molecules
the high energy bond of ATP is found between...
the continued construction and destruction of ATP
the amount of ATP present at any given moment
glycolysis occurs in the...
chemicals that speed up reactions without being used up in said reactions
cellular respiration is a...
C6 + H12 + O6 + 6CO2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + 36-38 ATP
equation for cell. resp.
_____ organisms utilize cell. resp.
_____ acts like gravity as it pulls electrons down the chain.
_____ must be invested during glycolysis to destabilize the molecule.
two phophoglyceraldehyde molecules
_____ are created after a series of enzymatic processes. these two molecules will be further broken down during the acetate & krebs steps.
two molecules of CO2
_____ of ______ are made during acetate when the carboxyl group of the pyruvate is oxidized. (its happening twice!)
phosphoglyceraldehyde is further broken down into two molecules of _____ after a series of enzymatic processes. two ATP are created during this final step of glycolysis.
acetate occurs in the...
NAD+ is reduced to _____ whenever a molecule is oxidized (as in krebs & acetate.)
____ are made during krebs.
cousin of NADH.
acetyl CoA and oxaloacetate
after pyruvates carboxyl group is oxidized, a two-carbon base (acetate) remains. _______ escorts this base to the krebs cycle where _______ reduces the molecule to six-carbon citrate.
_____ are familiar characters during glycolysis and krebs. gotta love homophones.
inner mitochondrial membrane
electron transport occurs hereeeeeeeeeeee. (from now on it's IMM, 'cause im lazy.)
enzyme that helps make ADP into ATP via a hydrogen ion concentration gradient.
clears the channel
NADHs and FADHs
_____ and _____ carry electrons to the IMM.
cellular respiration yields _______.