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US History Chapter 6 Section 1

Edwin L. Drake

first person to use steam engine to drill for oil

Bessemer Process

made steel making faster and cheaper

Thomas Alva Edison

invented numerous devices; the most well-known is his perfection of the electric light bulb in 1879.

incandescent

emitting light as a result of being heated

Christopher Sholes

Invented the typewriter

Alexander Graham Bell

inventor of the telephone

entrepreneur

someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it

ingenuity

the power of creative imagination

George Westinghouse

developed ways to make electricity safer and less expensive

abundant

plentiful

Black Gold

slang term for oil

byproduct

a product made during the manufacture of something else

revolutionary

markedly new or introducing radical change

mechanization

use of automatic machinery to increase production

innovative

being or producing something like nothing done or experienced or created before

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