2H, 5H, 2H, 2B, 4B, 6B
pencils hardest/lightest to softest/darkest
best way to melt wax
Henri Matisse's "Blue Nude" II
use of negative and positive space
benin art figure
sculpted by hand, then cast in bronze by the lost wax process. Made to honor king or Oba.
a synthetic material resembling clay but remaining soft, made from calcium salts, petroleum jelly and aliphatic acids, it can irritate skin.
post and lintel
a structure consisting of vertical beams (posts) supporting a horizontal beam (lintel)
why do you compress an photo?
to reduce irrelevance and redundancy of the image data in order to be able to store or transmit data in an efficient form.
low pixilation results in a bllurred image. The higher the pixilation the sharper the image.
One of a kind print made from painted or inked surface.
What is the safest pigment: lead white, chrome yellow, cadmium orange, or ultramarine blue?
What is aesthetics?
The study of the mind and emotions in relation to the sense of beauty. Something that is visually pleasing.
What is it called when figures appear
multiple times in the same composition?
Which is the most characteristic of gesture drawing?
Action and movement
pen and ink drawing is visually the most similar to what technique?
What is a local color?
The value and color of the surface of an object.
Which is a synthetic paint with transparent qualities and tints easily?
Day Glo Orange
Wet-into-wet acrylic painting technique results in what appearance?
thick layers, soft brush strokes?
What is an underglaze used for?
To change or add color to, the surface color of your clay,
underglazes can also be used to change the texture of the body.
Which clay type used the smallest particles and has plastic?
What is maquette?
Small model of a sculpture.
What is bas-relief?
sculpture: low relief, images project from a flat background, tells a story
What is it called when you move from one side of the scene and then move across the setting?
Which technique produces high quality
What is stop-action animation?
Clay and objects that are photographed and moved.
What describes a JPEG compressed digital photograph?
The JPEG format compresses file size by selectively discarding data.
A fiber tool
What is used in jewelry making to smooth out areas?
What is the safest way to clean a ceramics studio?
Use a wet sponge and mop down the surfaces.
What is the best way to dispose of turpentine?
Put into sealed container and bring it to a disposal location
Brings back contrapposto • creates bronze statue of David from David and Goliath • David and Goliath analogous to Florence + Milan
What is the most typical architectural component of an Egyptian Hypostyle Hall?
Post & Lintel
What style of work is Orchards of Lightning, the lined drawing/painting by Agnes Martin?
Minimalist (nor precisionist)
What makes Agnes Martin's piece not completely mechanical?
Subtle use of color (NOT the name of the artwork)
What is the purpose of the terra cotta army in China? A:Protection after death.
To protect the emperor in his afterlife, and to make sure
that he had people to rule over.
Abraham Mignon's Still Life of Flowers. What is the message of this painting.
Fleeting nature of life
What artwork has been described as a shingle factory explosion?
Nude Descending a Staircase - Duschamp
The use of decorative calligraphy is tied to which religion?
Which group often used Greek examples
in their artwork?
The Limbourg Brothers
They created what is certainly the best known late medieval illuminated manuscript, the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry.
The aesthetic philosophy that claims that the value of a work of art is determined by museums and galleries is know as?
What work is Maya Lin best known for?
Vietnam Memorial in Washington DC
What can you use to protect pastels?
acetate (not acetone)
What style is the painting by Benon called Haystack?
Who is the American artist known primarily for collage?
Know about the Warhol painting Marx Brothers-Why is the variation of color used?
Warhol has continued to blend the mass medium of photography with the "high art" of painting, blurring the line between fine art and pop culture.
A method of rendering the effect of spatial distance by subtle variations in color and clarity of representation.
Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black - The four colors in the inksets of many photo-quality printers.
The selective darkening of a part of an image.
What is the best format for saving and printing fine art photographs?
TIFF (or JPEG, RAW, BMP) (possibly RAW - conflicting information)
Ansel Adams photo of Half Dome
It is silver/gelatin (not daguerrotype, engravure)
illustrations displayed in sequence for the purpose of crafting an animated or live-action film.
The inside mat cut is called what?
The bevel cut will give a slanted cut and is used for the inside of the mat that surrounds the photo.
(single Lens Reflex Camera) Single lens reflux camera shows the scene directly through the lens, so you can preview what you will be recording
Is the focal length divided by the diameter of the lens. The f-stops are actually a measurement of the diameter of the aperture.
painting that applies the pigment thickly so that brush or palette knife marks are visible
Who copied Greek statues?
The MAXXI in Rome by Zaha Hadid, is what type of architecture?
Post-modern Archictecture. (modern, structuralist)
Oath of the Horatii by Jacques-Louis David depicts what?
It depicts a morally uplifting story, promoting civic duty over the personal, reflects the values of the Age of Enlightenment and neoclassical idealism.
One can discern a thread of the macabre running through his work.
What type of column is the oldest and simplest of the classical orders. It generally has neither a base nor a detailed capital.
The Doric order
Where are rose windows on a Gothic cathedral?
What was the focus of the Rouen Cathedral series by Monet
The Rouen Cathedral series captures the façade of the cathedral at different times of the day and year, and reflects changes in its appearance under different lighting conditions while exploring the color, light, and form of a single subject at various times of day.
His style was of classical forms and decorative motifs.
The pointed arch was an important innovation of the which era?
How do you secure metal to metal without heat?
Islamic art/geometric patterns that are repeated over and over
A ratio same as Egyptian seqt, Golden Rectangle, and Golden Mean. Determined by ancient to be the most pleasing proportions.
An image of Machu Picchu - ancient ruins, big volcano or mountain in the background. Where is it?
The state where the clay has dried enough to be handled without distorting the shape yet add additions such as handles can be attached, clay is cool and moist, but can hold its shape.Good for drilling.
A firing or a type of ware; porous groggy ware, with or without a glaze, put into and pulled out of a hot fire, sometimes smudged with smoke after firing; developed in Japan during 1600s.
What are used to test the temperature of a kiln or measure work heat?
A tool that produces specific shapes when clay is forced through a hollow tube. Slabs?
A Japanese tool for applying pressure to the back of the printmaking paper while making a wood cut.
Where the matrix retains its original surface, but is specially prepared and/or inked to allow for the transfer of the image. Planographic techniques include: lithography, monotyping, and digital techniques
Long tapered knife useful for trimming cast or pressed pieces, and for separating mold components.
A slikscreen tool used for pushing ink through a stencil onto paper of fabric.
A relief print made on the plank side of a block of wood.
buon (true) fresco
The application of pigment into a freshly plastered still-damp surface. Michelangelo.
Made from adding pigments to beeswax some containing other types of waxes, damar resin, linseed oil, or other ingredients.
Add to acrylic paint as an extender for thick, transparent glazes; increases gloss and handling time
heavy gel medium
When mixed with acrylic paint, produces textures similar to oils.
Produces lightweight textures for use with acrylics.
Assemblage has unity through the use of color
Applied design from the 1920s and 1930s derived from French, African, Aztec, and Chinese motifs
An 1890s asymmetrical decorative style featuring sinuous forms based based on objects found in nature
Art based on irregular abstract forms found in nature.
camera obscura (dark room)
A darkened box used as a drawing aid in the sixteenth century possibly for outdoor scenes.
Contour means "outline", and presents exterior edges of objects. A plain contour has a clean, connected line, no shading and emphasizes an open "shell" of the subject. More complex contours can imply shading values through interior outlines (top right), may have line textures or be contrasted with mixed media.
Fragonard's The Swing
The Swing (French: L'Escarpolette), also known as The Happy Accidents of the Swing (French: Les Hasards Heureux de l'Escarpolette, the original title), is an 18th century oil painting by Jean-Honoré Fragonard. It is considered as one of the masterpieces of the rococo era, and is depiction of the frivolity of the upper class.
Wild, bright colors, early 20th century Mattise
Created satirical "moral works" representing social and economic classes (18th century)
Surrealist (20th century) juxtaposition of unrelated objects.
Picture with a coin Liberty. political, economic, ironic, self-portrait?
Christo and Jeanne-Claude
Temporary large installation artworks
predominately dark areas
thick, expressive, vigorously applied paint. Rembrandt. Van Gogh.
collage print, additive instead of reductive
The adjustable lens opening, indicated in f/stop numbers, that determines the amount of light allowed to pass through the lens.
Has a low level PEL (permissible exposure level) emits harmful vapors and can be absorbed through healthy unbroken skin.
The measurement of the aperture setting in a camera lens. The f-stop setting determines how much light is allowed to enter the lens and pass through to the film (analog) or CCD or CMOS sensor (digital). It also determines how much in front of and behind the subject is in focus (see depth of field).
A special type of weaving in which the weft yarns are manipulated freely to form a pattern or design on the front of the fabric.
A device used to produce intaglio prints. A flat, heavy metal bed is suspended between two rollers. The space between the rollers is adjustable to vary the pressure as required. The intaglio plate, with paper laid over it, position on the bed and passed between the rollers.
18th century painter and graphic artist William Hogarth produced a series of pictures that functioned chiefly as?
Jeanne-Claude and Christo
Large scale public works of Aert Sich as running fence and wrapped Reichstag were created by?
Venus of Urbino
A 1538 oil painting by the Italian master Titian. It depicts a nude young woman, identified with the goddess Venus, reclining on a couch or bed in the sumptuous surroundings of a Renaissance palace
Birth of Venus (in Italian: Nascita di Venere)
Is a 1486 painting by Sandro Botticelli. It depicts the goddess Venus, having emerged from the sea as a fully grown woman, arriving at the sea-shore
Romantic Age. Reverent of the Bible but hostile to the Church of England - indeed, to all forms of organised religion - Blake was influenced by the ideals and ambitions of the French and American revolutions.
From the Italian tenebroso (murky), also called dramatic illumination, is a style of painting using very pronounced chiaroscuro, where there are violent contrasts of light and dark and darkness becomes a dominating feature of the image.
The Holy Trinity, Masaccio.
There are clear indications that the fresco was aligned very precisely in relationship with the sight-lines and perspective arrangement of the room at the time; particularly a former entrance-way facing the painting; in order to enhance the tromp l'oeil effect. There was also an actual altar-table, mounted as a shelf between the upper and lower sections of the fresco, further emphasizing the "reality" of the artifice.Symmetrical balance.
Depth of Field
The distance between the nearest and furthest objects in a photograph that are considered to be acceptably sharp.
A type of modern sculpture
consisting of combining multiple objects or
forms, often 'found' objects.
Raoul Hausmann (Austrian, 1886-1971), Mechanical Head
Assemblage the head of a mannequin in wood, with diverse objects attached to it.
What is the difference between tapestry and embroidering?
Tapestry- were woven wall hangings. Embroidery-the art of working raised and ornamental designs in threads of silk,
cotton, gold, silver, or other material, upon any woven fabric, leather, paper, etc., with a needle.
What area was characterized by these words - Heroic,Turbulent, and poetic? Think Jacques-Louis David. Horatio
Picture mounting - hinging mat to mount board
Hinging mat to mount board. It is recommended that you use a good acid free linen hinging tape such as the Lineco Self-Adhesive Hinging tape or their Gummed Linen Hinging tape.
Picture mounting - hinging photograph to mat
One way to mount your photograph is to use acid free hinging tape or tissue such as Lineco Self Adhesive Hinging Tissue to attach the image directly to the mat.
When the regular repetition of particular forms or elements occurs in a work of art, that work is said to have rhythm. It suggests motion.
A wall hanging of heavy handwoven fabric with pictorial designs.
A relief process in printmaking, in which an artist cuts away negative spaces from a block of linoleum, leaving raised areas to take ink for printing.
The use of scale to indicate relative importance/The most important figure is made the largest
Seated Buddha, 2nd half of 5th Century, Sarnath, India. CE, Lotus position
Congo sculpture (not Mexican)
Power Figure (Nkisi), 19th-20th century. Kongo peoples; Democratic Republic.
Was a Dutch painter. His work is known for its use of fantastic imagery to illustrate moral and religious concepts and narratives.
Bridget Riley's "Blaze", What is it portraying?
Painting of blue pear shapes asked what kind of lines they were (wasn't paisley, but looked sort of like an outline shape of an eggplant or something).
Is an art movement that began in the 20th century. It patterns artistic design elements on naturally occurring patterns or shapes reminiscent of nature. Taken to its extreme it attempts to force naturally occurring shapes onto functional devices, often with mixed results.
William H. Johnson (American artist, 1901-1970) Sowing 1940-42. What is represented most? color values,repetitive shapes?
Ukiyo ("Floating World") described the urban lifestyle, especially the pleasure-seeking aspects, of Edo-period Japan (1600-1867). The "Floating World" culture developed in Yoshiwara, the licensed red-light district of Edo (modern Tokyo).
The wooden frame is called a "deckle".
What is the name fo the wooden frame in paper making? mold, deckle, press?
This sculptor knife features a wood handle and an elongated triangular blade mounted in a ferrule, for cutting and shaping ceramic and clay.
is a printmaking technique, a variant of woodcut in which a sheet of linoleum is used for the relief surface. A design is cut into the linoleum surface with a sharp knife, V-shaped chisel or gouge, with the raised (uncarved) areas representing a reversal (mirror image) of the parts to show printed. The linoleum sheet is inked with a roller (called a brayer), and then impressed onto paper or fabric. The actual printing can be done by hand or with a press.