Art Praxis 0134

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132 terms · Art Content

2H, 5H, 2H, 2B, 4B, 6B

pencils hardest/lightest to softest/darkest

best way to melt wax

double boiler

Henri Matisse's "Blue Nude" II

use of negative and positive space

benin art figure

sculpted by hand, then cast in bronze by the lost wax process. Made to honor king or Oba.

Plasticine

a synthetic material resembling clay but remaining soft, made from calcium salts, petroleum jelly and aliphatic acids, it can irritate skin.

post and lintel

a structure consisting of vertical beams (posts) supporting a horizontal beam (lintel)

why do you compress an photo?

to reduce irrelevance and redundancy of the image data in order to be able to store or transmit data in an efficient form.

pixilation

low pixilation results in a bllurred image. The higher the pixilation the sharper the image.

monotype

One of a kind print made from painted or inked surface.

What is the safest pigment: lead white, chrome yellow, cadmium orange, or ultramarine blue?

ultramarine blue

What is aesthetics?

The study of the mind and emotions in relation to the sense of beauty. Something that is visually pleasing.

What is it called when figures appear
multiple times in the same composition?

Continuous narration

Which is the most characteristic of gesture drawing?

Action and movement

pen and ink drawing is visually the most similar to what technique?

Etching

What is a local color?

The value and color of the surface of an object.

Which is a synthetic paint with transparent qualities and tints easily?

Day Glo Orange

Wet-into-wet acrylic painting technique results in what appearance?

thick layers, soft brush strokes?

What is an underglaze used for?

To change or add color to, the surface color of your clay,
underglazes can also be used to change the texture of the body.

Which clay type used the smallest particles and has plastic?

porcelain

What is maquette?

Small model of a sculpture.

What is bas-relief?

sculpture: low relief, images project from a flat background, tells a story

What is it called when you move from one side of the scene and then move across the setting?

Pan

Which technique produces high quality
prints?

Giclee

What is stop-action animation?

Clay and objects that are photographed and moved.

What describes a JPEG compressed digital photograph?

The JPEG format compresses file size by selectively discarding data.

Tjanging tool

A fiber tool

What is used in jewelry making to smooth out areas?

Burnishing

What is the safest way to clean a ceramics studio?

Use a wet sponge and mop down the surfaces.

What is the best way to dispose of turpentine?

Put into sealed container and bring it to a disposal location

Donatello

Brings back contrapposto • creates bronze statue of David from David and Goliath • David and Goliath analogous to Florence + Milan

What is the most typical architectural component of an Egyptian Hypostyle Hall?

Post & Lintel

What style of work is Orchards of Lightning, the lined drawing/painting by Agnes Martin?

Minimalist (nor precisionist)

What makes Agnes Martin's piece not completely mechanical?

Subtle use of color (NOT the name of the artwork)

What is the purpose of the terra cotta army in China? A:Protection after death.

To protect the emperor in his afterlife, and to make sure
that he had people to rule over.

Abraham Mignon's Still Life of Flowers. What is the message of this painting.

Fleeting nature of life

What artwork has been described as a shingle factory explosion?

Nude Descending a Staircase - Duschamp

The use of decorative calligraphy is tied to which religion?

Islam

Which group often used Greek examples
in their artwork?

Romans

The Limbourg Brothers

They created what is certainly the best known late medieval illuminated manuscript, the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry.

The aesthetic philosophy that claims that the value of a work of art is determined by museums and galleries is know as?

Institutionalism

What work is Maya Lin best known for?

Vietnam Memorial in Washington DC

What can you use to protect pastels?

acetate (not acetone)

What style is the painting by Benon called Haystack?

American Regionalism

Who is the American artist known primarily for collage?

Romare Bearden

Know about the Warhol painting Marx Brothers-Why is the variation of color used?

Warhol has continued to blend the mass medium of photography with the "high art" of painting, blurring the line between fine art and pop culture.

atmospheric perspective

A method of rendering the effect of spatial distance by subtle variations in color and clarity of representation.

CMYK

Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black - The four colors in the inksets of many photo-quality printers.

burning

The selective darkening of a part of an image.

What is the best format for saving and printing fine art photographs?

TIFF (or JPEG, RAW, BMP) (possibly RAW - conflicting information)

videography

frames

Ansel Adams photo of Half Dome

not wildlife
It is silver/gelatin (not daguerrotype, engravure)

storyboards

illustrations displayed in sequence for the purpose of crafting an animated or live-action film.

The inside mat cut is called what?

The bevel cut will give a slanted cut and is used for the inside of the mat that surrounds the photo.

SLR

(single Lens Reflex Camera) Single lens reflux camera shows the scene directly through the lens, so you can preview what you will be recording

f-stop

Is the focal length divided by the diameter of the lens. The f-stops are actually a measurement of the diameter of the aperture.

impasto

painting that applies the pigment thickly so that brush or palette knife marks are visible

Who copied Greek statues?

Romans

The MAXXI in Rome by Zaha Hadid, is what type of architecture?

Post-modern Archictecture. (modern, structuralist)

Oath of the Horatii by Jacques-Louis David depicts what?

It depicts a morally uplifting story, promoting civic duty over the personal, reflects the values of the Age of Enlightenment and neoclassical idealism.

One can discern a thread of the macabre running through his work.

Goya

What type of column is the oldest and simplest of the classical orders. It generally has neither a base nor a detailed capital.

The Doric order

Where are rose windows on a Gothic cathedral?

west facade

What was the focus of the Rouen Cathedral series by Monet

The Rouen Cathedral series captures the façade of the cathedral at different times of the day and year, and reflects changes in its appearance under different lighting conditions while exploring the color, light, and form of a single subject at various times of day.

Andrea Palladio

His style was of classical forms and decorative motifs.

The pointed arch was an important innovation of the which era?

Gothic

How do you secure metal to metal without heat?

rivet

arabesque

Islamic art/geometric patterns that are repeated over and over

golden mean

A ratio same as Egyptian seqt, Golden Rectangle, and Golden Mean. Determined by ancient to be the most pleasing proportions.

An image of Machu Picchu - ancient ruins, big volcano or mountain in the background. Where is it?

Peru

leather-hard

The state where the clay has dried enough to be handled without distorting the shape yet add additions such as handles can be attached, clay is cool and moist, but can hold its shape.Good for drilling.

raku

A firing or a type of ware; porous groggy ware, with or without a glaze, put into and pulled out of a hot fire, sometimes smudged with smoke after firing; developed in Japan during 1600s.

What are used to test the temperature of a kiln or measure work heat?

cones

extruder

A tool that produces specific shapes when clay is forced through a hollow tube. Slabs?

baren

A Japanese tool for applying pressure to the back of the printmaking paper while making a wood cut.

Planographic

Where the matrix retains its original surface, but is specially prepared and/or inked to allow for the transfer of the image. Planographic techniques include: lithography, monotyping, and digital techniques

fettling knife.

Long tapered knife useful for trimming cast or pressed pieces, and for separating mold components.

squeegee

A slikscreen tool used for pushing ink through a stencil onto paper of fabric.

woodcut

A relief print made on the plank side of a block of wood.

buon (true) fresco

The application of pigment into a freshly plastered still-damp surface. Michelangelo.

encaustic wax

Made from adding pigments to beeswax some containing other types of waxes, damar resin, linseed oil, or other ingredients.

gel medium

Add to acrylic paint as an extender for thick, transparent glazes; increases gloss and handling time

heavy gel medium

When mixed with acrylic paint, produces textures similar to oils.

modeling paste

Produces lightweight textures for use with acrylics.

Louise Nevelson

Assemblage has unity through the use of color

Art Deco

Applied design from the 1920s and 1930s derived from French, African, Aztec, and Chinese motifs

Art Nouveau

An 1890s asymmetrical decorative style featuring sinuous forms based based on objects found in nature

biomorphic

Art based on irregular abstract forms found in nature.

camera obscura (dark room)

A darkened box used as a drawing aid in the sixteenth century possibly for outdoor scenes.

Contour line

Contour means "outline", and presents exterior edges of objects. A plain contour has a clean, connected line, no shading and emphasizes an open "shell" of the subject. More complex contours can imply shading values through interior outlines (top right), may have line textures or be contrasted with mixed media.

Fragonard's The Swing

The Swing (French: L'Escarpolette), also known as The Happy Accidents of the Swing (French: Les Hasards Heureux de l'Escarpolette, the original title), is an 18th century oil painting by Jean-Honoré Fragonard. It is considered as one of the masterpieces of the rococo era, and is depiction of the frivolity of the upper class.

Fauvism

Wild, bright colors, early 20th century Mattise

William Hogarth

Created satirical "moral works" representing social and economic classes (18th century)

Max Ernst

Surrealist (20th century) juxtaposition of unrelated objects.

Jean-Michel Basquiat

Picture with a coin Liberty. political, economic, ironic, self-portrait?

Christo and Jeanne-Claude

Temporary large installation artworks

Tenebrism

predominately dark areas

Impasto

thick, expressive, vigorously applied paint. Rembrandt. Van Gogh.

Collagraphy

collage print, additive instead of reductive

Aperture

The adjustable lens opening, indicated in f/stop numbers, that determines the amount of light allowed to pass through the lens.

Turpentine

Has a low level PEL (permissible exposure level) emits harmful vapors and can be absorbed through healthy unbroken skin.

f-stop

The measurement of the aperture setting in a camera lens. The f-stop setting determines how much light is allowed to enter the lens and pass through to the film (analog) or CCD or CMOS sensor (digital). It also determines how much in front of and behind the subject is in focus (see depth of field).

tapestry

A special type of weaving in which the weft yarns are manipulated freely to form a pattern or design on the front of the fabric.

Roller Press

A device used to produce intaglio prints. A flat, heavy metal bed is suspended between two rollers. The space between the rollers is adjustable to vary the pressure as required. The intaglio plate, with paper laid over it, position on the bed and passed between the rollers.

Social Satire

18th century painter and graphic artist William Hogarth produced a series of pictures that functioned chiefly as?

Jeanne-Claude and Christo

Large scale public works of Aert Sich as running fence and wrapped Reichstag were created by?

Venus of Urbino

A 1538 oil painting by the Italian master Titian. It depicts a nude young woman, identified with the goddess Venus, reclining on a couch or bed in the sumptuous surroundings of a Renaissance palace

Birth of Venus (in Italian: Nascita di Venere)

Is a 1486 painting by Sandro Botticelli. It depicts the goddess Venus, having emerged from the sea as a fully grown woman, arriving at the sea-shore

William Blake

Romantic Age. Reverent of the Bible but hostile to the Church of England - indeed, to all forms of organised religion - Blake was influenced by the ideals and ambitions of the French and American revolutions.

Tenebrism

From the Italian tenebroso (murky), also called dramatic illumination, is a style of painting using very pronounced chiaroscuro, where there are violent contrasts of light and dark and darkness becomes a dominating feature of the image.

The Holy Trinity, Masaccio.

There are clear indications that the fresco was aligned very precisely in relationship with the sight-lines and perspective arrangement of the room at the time; particularly a former entrance-way facing the painting; in order to enhance the tromp l'oeil effect. There was also an actual altar-table, mounted as a shelf between the upper and lower sections of the fresco, further emphasizing the "reality" of the artifice.Symmetrical balance.

Depth of Field

The distance between the nearest and furthest objects in a photograph that are considered to be acceptably sharp.

Assemblage

A type of modern sculpture
consisting of combining multiple objects or
forms, often 'found' objects.

Raoul Hausmann (Austrian, 1886-1971), Mechanical Head

Assemblage the head of a mannequin in wood, with diverse objects attached to it.

What is the difference between tapestry and embroidering?

Tapestry- were woven wall hangings. Embroidery-the art of working raised and ornamental designs in threads of silk,
cotton, gold, silver, or other material, upon any woven fabric, leather, paper, etc., with a needle.

What area was characterized by these words - Heroic,Turbulent, and poetic? Think Jacques-Louis David. Horatio

Romantic Era

Picture mounting - hinging mat to mount board

Hinging mat to mount board. It is recommended that you use a good acid free linen hinging tape such as the Lineco Self-Adhesive Hinging tape or their Gummed Linen Hinging tape.

Picture mounting - hinging photograph to mat

One way to mount your photograph is to use acid free hinging tape or tissue such as Lineco Self Adhesive Hinging Tissue to attach the image directly to the mat.

rhythm

When the regular repetition of particular forms or elements occurs in a work of art, that work is said to have rhythm. It suggests motion.

Tapestry

A wall hanging of heavy handwoven fabric with pictorial designs.

linocut

A relief process in printmaking, in which an artist cuts away negative spaces from a block of linoleum, leaving raised areas to take ink for printing.

Hierarchical Scale

The use of scale to indicate relative importance/The most important figure is made the largest

Hierarchy symmetry

Seated Buddha, 2nd half of 5th Century, Sarnath, India. CE, Lotus position

Congo sculpture (not Mexican)

Power Figure (Nkisi), 19th-20th century. Kongo peoples; Democratic Republic.
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/images/h2/h2_1979.206.127.jpg

Hieronymus Bosch

Was a Dutch painter. His work is known for its use of fantastic imagery to illustrate moral and religious concepts and narratives.

movement

Bridget Riley's "Blaze", What is it portraying?

Bimorphic shapes?

Painting of blue pear shapes asked what kind of lines they were (wasn't paisley, but looked sort of like an outline shape of an eggplant or something).

Biomorphic

Is an art movement that began in the 20th century. It patterns artistic design elements on naturally occurring patterns or shapes reminiscent of nature. Taken to its extreme it attempts to force naturally occurring shapes onto functional devices, often with mixed results.

repetitive shapes

William H. Johnson (American artist, 1901-1970) Sowing 1940-42. What is represented most? color values,repetitive shapes?

Japanese culture

Ukiyo ("Floating World") described the urban lifestyle, especially the pleasure-seeking aspects, of Edo-period Japan (1600-1867). The "Floating World" culture developed in Yoshiwara, the licensed red-light district of Edo (modern Tokyo).

The wooden frame is called a "deckle".

What is the name fo the wooden frame in paper making? mold, deckle, press?

fettling knife

This sculptor knife features a wood handle and an elongated triangular blade mounted in a ferrule, for cutting and shaping ceramic and clay.

Linocut

is a printmaking technique, a variant of woodcut in which a sheet of linoleum is used for the relief surface. A design is cut into the linoleum surface with a sharp knife, V-shaped chisel or gouge, with the raised (uncarved) areas representing a reversal (mirror image) of the parts to show printed. The linoleum sheet is inked with a roller (called a brayer), and then impressed onto paper or fabric. The actual printing can be done by hand or with a press.

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