normally translated to "orthodox." This group and the Shia remain the two major groups of Muslims in Iraq today.
.around the year of 630, sect of Islam, argued over who the successor of Muhammad was, extremism,
Battle of Tours/Poitiers
In 732 when Charles Martel's army defeated an Arab force in southern France. An important event of Arab expansion in Europe.
caliphate of decendents of Mu'awiya who gained power in 661 after Ali was assassinated. A branch of the Quraishi tribe that remained in power for nearly a century until their leaders became consumed with greed.
"striving in the way of the Lord" or "holy war." It has several different interpretations, but was a practice observed by Abu Bakr and his successors. I believe it to be an expansion of Islamic power.after Muhammad's death
literally meaning "successor;" the leading power of the Islamic community.
Islamic holy month in which Muslims are required to fast from dawn to sunset.
journey to Mecca requested of followers presented in the 5 pillars. this was created around the year of 630, the most practiced pilgrimage in the world
a written collection of Muhammad's sayings used to supplement the revelations in the Koran. around 630
law code compiled by Muslim scholars known as ulamas in order to provide followers with regulations for daily life. used during the 7th century to govern
around 630, belief in Allah as the almighty and Muhammad as his profit; private prayer five times daily and public prayer midday Friday for Allah; fasting from dawn to sunset during Ramadan; if at all possible, taking the pilgrimage to Mecca once in one's lifetime; and giving the zakat to the poor
622-630, A mixture of rural Bedouins and Medina residents which comprised the first Muslim community.
in 622, and his followers' trip from Mecca to Medina in 622, which marks the first date on the official Islamic calendar.
The religion that Muslims believed in, Koran was the holy book, Muhammad is the prophet, Mecca is the holy city, believe in the after life, based in Mecca on Arabic peninsula, during the time of Muhammad's life when it was establishedsubmission, and more accurately the obedience of the will of Allah.
created during the life of Muhammad, literally meaning "recitation;" the holy books of Islam containing Muhammad's beliefs dictated by scribes. It contains the guidelines for the Islamic way of life and acts as a means of compliance to the will of Allah.
around the time of Muhammad's life to present day,supreme God worshiped in pre-Islamic, polytheistic, Arabian communities. The traditional inspiration behind Muhammad's revelations. The all-powerful being who created the universe and everything in it.
He was born in 570 to a merchant family in Mecca, and then became an orphan at age 6. After marrying Khadija, a rich widow and his employer, he became a merchant. He then also noticed the parting from Bedouin values such as honesty and generosity, and the development of elitist tradesmen. He began to meditate in nearby hills and it is said that on one particular occasion, the angel Gabriel presented him with a message from God. He returned to his home and preached his revelations, as commanded to by Gabriel. He gained few followers which eventually led him to travel to Medina. Here he was able to form the Umma, and then died in 632.
in 630 B.C.E., a central shrine in Mecca containing a large black meteorite worshiped by the Bedouin tribes.
the holy city of the Islamic religion located in modern-day Saudi Arabia. The direction in which Muslims face during prayer. A city of commerce which contained the Kabah.
the council of elders that selected the sheikh to rule the tribe, around 106 B.C.E., a tribe in Bedouin society, the majlis selected sheikh.
around 106B.C.E.,leader of Bedouin tribes elected by the council of elders. They were from families with leadership in the community
around 106B.C.E., a group of nomadic people, organized into tribes, who came originally from the northern part of the Arabian peninsula. Primary inhabitants of the peninsula during Roman rule, whom, in the first millennium B.C.E., after the domestication of the camel, became tradesmen between the Mediterranean Sea and Persian Gulf.