human developement lifespan Kail/Cavanaugh 5th edition

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333 terms · Chapter 3,4,5,6,7,8,9 and 10 Multiple choice and true and false. Test chapter 4 and 5 terms

Chapter 3-

Chapter 3

Winchester notices that every time he touches his newborn son's cheek, the infant turns his head and appears to try and suck. This behavior exemplifies a ________ reflex.

rooting

Experts define a mad cry as a:

more intense version of a basic cry.

Why are African American babies twice as likely to die from SIDS?

They were more likely to be put to bed on their stomachs.

Which person is most likely experiencing the most rapid physical growth?

Jose, who is 18 months old.

5
Malnutrition seems to be most damaging if it occurs during:

infancy.

Each neuron contains many ________ but only one ________.

dendrites; cell body

Which is least associated with the frontal cortex?

vision

8
Whose brain is most likely to have the most synapses?

Elaine, who is one year old.

To locomote is to:

move.

Caleb is 4 months old. If he is like others his age, when he grasps a rattle, he will grasp it with:

his fingers only.

Nathan suddenly lets out a high-pitched cry, lowers his eyebrows, and purses his lips. You would be safest in assuming that Nathan is:

experiencing pain.

Which innate preference is used to help researchers assess infants' visual abilities?

A preference for striped objects over plain objects.

What infant response did Gibson and Walk (1960) measure in their visual cliff research?

heart rate

The image of a person is identical on the retinas of a child, whereas the image of a dog is much different on the left retina than it is on the right. This means that the child will perceive:

the dog to be closer than the person.

The fact that 6-month-olds will look for long periods of time at toys they previously had only been able to touch suggests that infants:

are able to integrate visual and tactile information.

Chapter 3 true or false

Chapter 3 true or false

Reflexes are learned responses.

false

Waking activity means that a baby is awake, calm, and attentive.

false

Infant crying is typically accompanied by agitated and uncoordinated movement.

true

REM sleep becomes significantly more common between birth and age 2 years.

false

Encouraging parents to have newborns sleep on their backs lead to a significant reduction in the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome.

true

A child with high effortful control is able to maintain focus and is less distractible.

true

Body size is the key determinate of malnutrition in infancy.

true

Less than 1% of American children do not have adequate food.

false

Neurotransmitters are released by the terminal buttons.

true

The neural plate develops into the brain and spinal cord.

true

Synaptic pruning significantly increases the number of neural connections in the brain.

false

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) tracks blood flow in the brain.

true

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) tracks blood flow in the brain.

false

Handedness is unaffected by culture.

false

Of all the senses, the sense of smell is probably the least developed in infants.

false

Visual expansion is a form of depth perception based on the retinal size of an image.

true

Chapter 4

Chapter 4

Salvador has a scheme for drawing with a crayon that had to be changed in order to learn how to paint a picture with a brush. This adaptation is an example of:

accommodation.

Dr. Eco has a strong belief that global warming is a theoretical myth. In recent years, however, the increased rate of polar ice cap melt has forced him to alter his theory, and he is now a strong advocate against greenhouse pollutants. A Piagetian would most likely describe Dr. Eco's theoretical conversion in terms of:

equilibration.

Six-month-old Teddy is playing with his favorite toy, a stuffed bear. Suddenly a blanket falls off the shelf and covers his bear. According to Piaget, Teddy would most likely:

neither reach nor search for the bear.

When Andy bumps into a table, he says to it, "You bumped into me because you're mean." Andy is exhibiting:

animism.

Seven-month-old LeBron appears to possess a sense of "naive physics." Which of LeBron's actions would indicate that he does possess this sense?

His surprise when a basketball appears to be hanging in mid air when it is not attached to a string or other supporting device.

6
Which statement best exemplifies the concept of essentialism?

"Fish have a special 'fishness' that allows them to breathe underwater."

Which is the best example of a question designed to assess autobiographical memory?

Who taught you how to ride a bike?

What can be done to improve the credibility of the testimony of a child?

Use questions that test a number of different explanations concerning the event.

When asked to count the 4 beer bottles placed in from of him, 3-year-old Bud says, "1, 3, 4, there are 4!" When asked to count the bottles a second time, he says, "2, 5, 7, 4, there are 4!" Bud's counting skills demonstrate that he is capable of demonstrating the ________ principle of counting.

cardinality

Dr. Gunga is attempting to determine the zone of proximal development for Dinn when Dinn works on complex mazes. In order to do so, Dr. Gunga must measure Dinn's personal performance on the maze and:

Dinn's maze performance when assisted by a skilled helper.

Which is the best example of a phoneme?

The consonant sound "d."

When six-month-old Gabby says "tahtahtah," she is:

babbling.

The processes in which children acquire new words to referents at such a speed that they cannot be considering all meanings for the new word is called:

fast mapping.

14
Two year-old Sam's limited vocabulary consists of words like "book," "dog," and "hat." Apparently, Sam:

has a referential style.

Which statement by a 17-month-old best represents telegraphic speech?

"Go store"

When discussing the acquisition of grammar, which type of theorist would be most likely to say, "Context and genetics are overrated, what really matters is imitation and reinforcement?"

a behaviorist

During accommodation a new experience is incorporated into an existing scheme without modification.
correct: false
2
The sensorimotor period of thinking last from about age 2 to age 6 years old.
correct: false
3
Object permanence involves understanding that something exists even when it is out of our sensory awareness (e.g., cannot be currently be seen).
correct: true
4
Piaget is often criticized for overestimating the impact of sociocultural factor on cognitive development.
False
5
The core knowledge hypothesis is very compatible with notions of naive physics and naive biology.
correct: true

6
A commitment to a teleological explanation means believing that all living things exist for a purpose.
correct: true
7
Research by Rovee-Collier showed that, by 2 months of age, infants can recall past events.

correct: true

8
The quality of an autobiographical memory can be influenced by culture.
correct: true
9
A good way to improve the eyewitness testimony of children is to warn them that an interviewer may sometimes try to trick them.
correct: true
10
Private speech is a form of verbal communication a child uses when talking to their best friend.
correct: false
11
The unique sounds that can be jointed to create words are called phonemes.
correct: true
12
Newborns appear to have the ability to hear the entire range of phonemes for every language on Earth.
correct: true
13
Phonological memory is defined as the ability to recall a visual image after the passage of time.
correct: false
14
An expressive style vocabulary consists of many names for people, objects, and actions.
correct: false

15
In English, "ing" and "ed" represent grammatical morphemes.
correct: true

During accommodation a new experience is incorporated into an existing scheme without modification.
correct: false
2
The sensorimotor period of thinking last from about age 2 to age 6 years old.
correct: false
3
Object permanence involves understanding that something exists even when it is out of our sensory awareness (e.g., cannot be currently be seen).
correct: true

4
Piaget is often criticized for overestimating the impact of sociocultural factor on cognitive development.

correct: false

5
The core knowledge hypothesis is very compatible with notions of naive physics and naive biology.

correct: true

6
A commitment to a teleological explanation means believing that all living things exist for a purpose.

correct: true

7
Research by Rovee-Collier showed that, by 2 months of age, infants can recall past events.

correct: true
8
The quality of an autobiographical memory can be influenced by culture.
correct: true

9
A good way to improve the eyewitness testimony of children is to warn them that an interviewer may sometimes try to trick them.
correct: true
10
Private speech is a form of verbal communication a child uses when talking to their best friend.
correct: false

11
The unique sounds that can be jointed to create words are called phonemes.
correct: true
12
Newborns appear to have the ability to hear the entire range of phonemes for every language on Earth.
correct: true
13
Phonological memory is defined as the ability to recall a visual image after the passage of time.
correct: false

14
An expressive style vocabulary consists of many names for people, objects, and actions.
correct: false
15
In English, "ing" and "ed" represent grammatical morphemes.
correct: true

Chapter 5

Chapter 5

Carmela is struggling in the "autonomy versus guilt and shame" stage of psychosocial development. What aspect of her psychosocial development will result from her successful resolution of this conflict?

will

Although Jamie has an enormous amount of initiative, he does not possess "purpose." According to Erikson, this is probably because Jamie:

has not learned to cooperate with others.

Dr. Ginesberg's lecture on attachment concludes that babies express behavior that makes it more likely they will form attachments to adults because, in the past, infants that expressed these behaviors were the infants that survived. Dr. Ginesberg is presenting a(n) ________ approach to attachment.

evolutionary

Which normally maturing infant would be most likely to have just formed their first true attachment?

Hobbs, who is eight months old.

When Faith's mother leaves her alone in a room, she does not move and appears a bit dazed. Faith is most likely exhibiting a(n) ________ attachment.

disorganized

The fact that infant Ricardo has come to expect that his mother is not available when he needs her means that Ricardo has developed:

an internal working model.

7
Which statement is true regarding basic emotions?

They are experienced by people in all cultures.

Complex emotions differ from basic emotions in that complex emotions require some understanding of:

self.

Stan is playing with his ball, and Olly is playing with his doll, but they are each watching what the other is doing. Stan and Olly are most likely involved in:

parallel play.

While the typical 1 1/2-year-old spends the majority of time engaged in ________ play, the typical 4-year-old spends most of their time in ________ play.

parallel; cooperative

Which term does not fit with the notion of "constricting" during play?

support

Basic acts of altruistic behavior first appear around ________ months of age.

18

One of the most effective ways for Dottie to get her child to engage in altruistic behavior is for Dottie to:

model the behavior herself.

In general, boys are ________ than girls.

better at spatial tasks

As a typical American father, Hans would be most upset if his son Franz:

wanted to play "house."

When three-year-old Juan, who is male, says "I'm going to grow up to be a mommy," he is failing to demonstrate:

gender stability.

Chapter 5 T or F

Chapter 5 T or F

Erikson suggested that a proper balance between trust and mistrust can result in the acquisition of hope.

true

2
According to Erikson's theory, purpose is usually achieved before will.

false

3
Infants rarely become attached to their fathers.
false

4
Babies who exhibit avoidant attachment are not upset when their mothers leave the room.

true

5
Disorganized attachments are characterized infant confusion when mom leaves and when she returns.

true

6
Internal working models involve expectations about parental responsiveness.

true

7
Pain is considered one of the basic emotions.

false

8
Children do not experience complex emotions until they are about 18 months old.

true

9
The expression of anger does not appear to vary by culture.
false

10
During parallel play a child plays alone.

true

11
Preschoolers with imaginary friends tend to be less sociable that other preschoolers.

false

12
Constricting play often involves threats.
true

13
When you experience the feelings of another person you are experiencing empathy.
true

14
Some gender stereotypes are false beliefs.
true

15
The understanding that you are a boy or a girl occurs during gender labeling.
true

Erikson suggested that a proper balance between trust and mistrust can result in the acquisition of hope.
true

2
According to Erikson's theory, purpose is usually achieved before will.

false

3
Infants rarely become attached to their fathers.

correct: false

4
Babies who exhibit avoidant attachment are not upset when their mothers leave the room.

true

5
Disorganized attachments are characterized infant confusion when mom leaves and when she returns.


true
your answer:
6
Internal working models involve expectations about parental responsiveness.

True
7
Pain is considered one of the basic emotions.
false

8
Children do not experience complex emotions until they are about 18 months old.
true

9
The expression of anger does not appear to vary by culture.
false

10
During parallel play a child plays alone.
true

11
Preschoolers with imaginary friends tend to be less sociable that other preschoolers.
false

12
Constricting play often involves threats.
true

13
When you experience the feelings of another person you are experiencing empathy.
true

14
Some gender stereotypes are false beliefs.

true

15
The understanding that you are a boy or a girl occurs during gender labeling.
true

Chapter 6

Chapter 6

Which reflects a basic ability available only to a formal operational thinker?

"Hypothetically speaking ..."

2
Angelica and her younger brother Houston are both given 3 fountain pens, each containing clear ink, and informed that some combination of ink will yield a color. Because Angelica is a formal operational thinker and Houston is a concrete operational thinker, how will their behavior likely differ?

Angelica will spend more time thinking about the task and be more systematic when attempting to solve it.

Working memory is best described as being:

temporary and limited in capacity.

Bea has tremendous insight into "deep" questions like, "Why are we born to die?" According to Gardner, Bea would rate high on a scale of ________ intelligence.

existential

Tarzan is building a cage for his pet monkey when his hammer breaks. The fact that Tarzan is able to realize that he might be able to use a frozen banana as a substitute for a hammer indicates that he has a high level of ________ ability.

creative

6
In recent years the definition of "gifted" has:

broadened to include areas like dance and music.

Who would most likely do the best job of playing a game in which the goal was to list as many novel ways to use a banana as possible?

Dole, who is a very good divergent thinker.

In the Brouno and colleagues (2007) study on reading disabilities, ________ served as the independent variable.

the amount of word presented

If you lacked phonological awareness, you would have great difficulty in:

hearing the difference between the words "putt" and "butt."

0
Which behavior indicates that Mandy is using a knowledge-transforming strategy when writing her psychology term paper?

When, before she writes anything, she decides that the point of the paper would be to make her psychology teacher mad.

Which task would an average elementary-age girl perform better than an average elementary-age boy?

Writing her name in cursive.

Chapter 6 True or False

Chapter 6 True or False

When engaging in deductive reasoning you are drawing conclusions from facts.
true

2
When engaging in elaboration, you embellish on information in order to make it more memorable.
true

3
Goal identification and effective strategy selection are examples of cognitive self-regulation.
true

4
Analytic ability involves the ability to know that a plan will work.
false

5
Terman originally calculated IQ using the formal: IQ = CA/MA * 100.
false

6
Dynamic testing measures potential.
true

7
Most mentally retarded individuals fall in the "profound" category of retardation.

false

8
By definition, a child with a learning disability must have some kind of sensory impairment.
false

9
The three key symptoms of ADHD are hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention.
true

10
Reading comprehension occurs when an individual extracts meaning from a sequence of words.
true

11
Readers often use sentence context to help increase the speed of word recognition.
true

12
On standardized tests of math and science, the very best American students tend to score at the level of an average student from Asian countries like Korea.

true

13
Japanese parents are more likely than American parents to believe that genetic factors determine mathematical ability.

14
Good teachers value tutoring, emphasize mastery of topics, and effectively manage their classrooms.
true

15
Studies have linked participation in sports with antisocial and delinquent behavior. true

When engaging in deductive reasoning you are drawing conclusions from facts.
true

2
When engaging in elaboration, you embellish on information in order to make it more memorable.
true

3
Goal identification and effective strategy selection are examples of cognitive self-regulation.
true

4
Analytic ability involves the ability to know that a plan will work.
false

5
Terman originally calculated IQ using the formal: IQ = CA/MA * 100.
false

6
Dynamic testing measures potential.
true

7
Most mentally retarded individuals fall in the "profound" category of retardation.false

8
By definition, a child with a learning disability must have some kind of sensory impairment.

false

9
The three key symptoms of ADHD are hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention.
true

10
Reading comprehension occurs when an individual extracts meaning from a sequence of words.
true

11
Readers often use sentence context to help increase the speed of word recognition.
: true

12
On standardized tests of math and science, the very best American students tend to score at the level of an average student from Asian countries like Korea.
true

13
Japanese parents are more likely than American parents to believe that genetic factors determine mathematical ability.
true

14
Good teachers value tutoring, emphasize mastery of topics, and effectively manage their classrooms.

true

15
Studies have linked participation in sports with antisocial and delinquent behavior.
true

Chapter 7

Chapter 7

When Ki-Jana asks his parents if he can buy a car, his parents say no but sit down and explain to him the reasoning behind their decision. His parents express affection toward him and tell him that they may consider the matter at some later time. Which parenting style best describes Ki-Jana's parents?

authoritative

2
Because they have an permissive parenting style, you would predict that Al and Sue's son would:

have limited self-control.

Fugi watches her older sister getting yelled at after she throws an apple across the kitchen. Fugi is now less likely to throw an apple across the kitchen herself. This kind of learning through observation would be best described as:

time-out.

If you're going to use time-out, make sure that:

you explain the reasons for the time-out to the child after the time-out period is over.

Which advice should you give to parents who are trying to reduce their children's sibling conflict?

. "Try to keep your marital problems to yourself."

6
Which statement concerning divorce is true?

The reduction of income in the post-divorce single parent family can have a negative impact on development.

Which best exemplifies a "blended family?"

A family in which a divorced mom with a son marries a widowed dad with 2 daughters.

Five-year-old Badia's parents are not taking care of his medical needs. Badia is suffering from:

neglect.

Who is most likely to be abusing his child?

Joe, who is socially isolated from friends and relatives.

The statement, "we share our feelings" is most likely to be made by a:

15-year-old.

Jane is identified by others at school as being part of "The Elite," a fairly large group of students who are very popular, get good grades, and are involved in extra curricular activities. "The Elite" are best described as a:

crowd.

There is a group in town made up of girls who like golf. The leader of the group is most likely to be:

Annika, who is the best golfer in the group.

Mabel likes to hit other children for no other purpose than to see them get hurt and feel scared. What term best describes Mabel's behavior?

hostile aggression

Hiroko watches shows that display and encourage being friendly and helpful to other people. After watching this, Hiroko is more likely to:

act friendly.

Helen is upset because she thinks that her friend Troy views her other friend Mary as being more responsible than herself. According to Selman, Helen is most likely in the ________ stage of perspective taking.

third-person

Chapter 7 true or false

Chapter 7 true or false

Authoritarian parents usually produce the most well-adjusted children.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
2
Parenting styles vary both across cultures and with cultures.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
3
Direct instruction involves telling a child when, what, and why they should do something.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
4
A child's temperament can impact the type of parenting style exhibited by their parent.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
5
First-born children score higher on intelligence tests than later-born children.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
6
Divorce is more difficult for adolescent children than for preschool children.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
7
Child abuse is more prevalent in the United States than in countries that do not condone physically punishing children.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
8
Poverty is a risk-factor for child maltreatment.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
9
Having a positive maternal representation appears to do little to lessen the impact of childhood maltreatment.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
10
Children whose friends are all members of the opposite sex are more likely to be well adjusted than children whose friends are all members of the same sex.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
11
Peer pressure is never positive.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
12
Controversial children are well liked by some of their classmates.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
13
Educational television programs have virtually no discernable impact on cognitive development in children.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
14
Children who watch a lot of television have shorter attention spans than children who do not watch television.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
15
In Selman's initial stage of perspective-taking, children appear unable to understand why someone would want to do something different that they want to do.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
16
Members of high status groups are more likely to be prejudiced.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true

Authoritarian parents usually produce the most well-adjusted children.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
2
Parenting styles vary both across cultures and with cultures.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
3
Direct instruction involves telling a child when, what, and why they should do something.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
4
A child's temperament can impact the type of parenting style exhibited by their parent.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
5
First-born children score higher on intelligence tests than later-born children.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
6
Divorce is more difficult for adolescent children than for preschool children.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
7
Child abuse is more prevalent in the United States than in countries that do not condone physically punishing children.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
8
Poverty is a risk-factor for child maltreatment.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
9
Having a positive maternal representation appears to do little to lessen the impact of childhood maltreatment.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
10
Children whose friends are all members of the opposite sex are more likely to be well adjusted than children whose friends are all members of the same sex.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
11
Peer pressure is never positive.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
12
Controversial children are well liked by some of their classmates.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
13
Educational television programs have virtually no discernable impact on cognitive development in children.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
14
Children who watch a lot of television have shorter attention spans than children who do not watch television.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
15
In Selman's initial stage of perspective-taking, children appear unable to understand why someone would want to do something different that they want to do.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
16
Members of high status groups are more likely to be prejudiced.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true

Chapter 8

chapter 8

Who is experiencing an event that is best defined as a change in their primary sex characteristics?

Paul, who has begun to produce sperm.

Menarche is to spermarche as:

onset of menstruation is to ejaculation.

3
Estrogen is directly released by the:

ovaries.

The negative effects associated with being an early-maturing female have been found to be offset by:

having supportive parents.

Which measure would be used to determine where a child is overweight?

BMI

Which is a defining characteristic of anorexia nervosa?

An irrational fear of being overweight

How many of the following are risk factors for teenagers developing either bulimia or anorexia: history of being a picky eater, negative self-image, history of dieting, frequently watching television shows with fat characters?

3

Based on statistics, which of the following 16-year-olds is most likely to die as the result of natural causes?

Mae, who is an African American female.

The illusion of invulnerability is best defined by the phrase:

"dangerous but fun."

During an ad hominem argument you must:

attack the person with whom you are arguing.

What basic moral question underlies the Heinz dilemma?

Can stealing be justified?

When considering the Heinz dilemma, Barney says that he would steal the drug because then his wife might bake him a cake to repay him for saving her. This thinking indicates that Barney is most likely in Kohlberg's ________ stage of moral development.

second

When Nicholas and Cage are debating whether or not to steal a cool car they just found, Nicholas says, "It's wrong to steal the car because there are laws against stealing, and no one is above the law." This type of thinking best fits with Kohlberg's ________ level of moral thinking.

conventional

Which comment concerning shoplifting best reflects postconventional thinking?

"Shoplifting is good only if you believe that we all have the right to have anything that we want."

Groups of Hindu adults and children from India and non-Hindu adults and children from the United States are read a dilemma in which a person is forced to choose between breaking the law to help out a friend or not breaking the law but disappointing the friend. What results would you expect?

Those from India chose to break the law.

Whose behavior would indicate that they are in Gilligan's second stage of moral reasoning?

Jen, who is caring for her infant daughter.

Chapter 8 true or false

Chapter 8 true or false

Sexual maturation changes that directly impact reproduction are referred to as secondary sex characteristics.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
2
Spermarche is defined as the initial production of sperm.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
3
The pituitary gland regulates puberty changes by signaling other glands to release hormones.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
4
The moodiness often seen in teenagers is best explained in terms of "raging hormones."
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
5
Early maturation tends to have very negative effects for males.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
6
Body mass index is based on both weight and height.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
7
Overprotective parenting has been associated with the onset of anorexia but not bulimia.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
8
The amount of exercise done by the typical teenager tends to decline between ninth and twelfth grade.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
9
In the United States, most teenage girls die in motor vehicle accidents or by natural causes.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
10
Most teenagers achieve adult-like levels of processing speed during adolescence.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
11
Increases in content knowledge during adolescence results in advances in the ability to identify strategies appropriate for solving specific tasks.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
12
Adolescents tend to rely less on heuristics and more on analytical problem-solving.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
13
In Kohlberg's model, stage 3 moral reasoning involves universal ethical principles.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
14
In the Hindu religion, a great emphasis is placed on responsibility to others.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
15
Gilligan's model of moral development emphasizes care.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true

Sexual maturation changes that directly impact reproduction are referred to as secondary sex characteristics.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
2
Spermarche is defined as the initial production of sperm.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
3
The pituitary gland regulates puberty changes by signaling other glands to release hormones.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
4
The moodiness often seen in teenagers is best explained in terms of "raging hormones."
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
5
Early maturation tends to have very negative effects for males.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
6
Body mass index is based on both weight and height.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
7
Overprotective parenting has been associated with the onset of anorexia but not bulimia.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
8
The amount of exercise done by the typical teenager tends to decline between ninth and twelfth grade.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
9
In the United States, most teenage girls die in motor vehicle accidents or by natural causes.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
10
Most teenagers achieve adult-like levels of processing speed during adolescence.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
11
Increases in content knowledge during adolescence results in advances in the ability to identify strategies appropriate for solving specific tasks.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
12
Adolescents tend to rely less on heuristics and more on analytical problem-solving.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
13
In Kohlberg's model, stage 3 moral reasoning involves universal ethical principles.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
14
In the Hindu religion, a great emphasis is placed on responsibility to others.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
15
Gilligan's model of moral development emphasizes care.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true

Chapter 9

Chapter 9

Research has indicated that identity achievement status:

varies by concept (e.g., political affiliation, career choice).

The third phase of ethnic identity achievement involves:

creating a distinct ethnic self-concept.

Which statement concerning ethnic identity development is true?

Ethnic identity may change as new generations acculturate to the mainstream culture.

Which adolescent would likely have the highest level of self-esteem?

. Cheyenne, who is African American.

Which of these STDs is caused by bacteria?

gonorrhea

When asked why she became pregnant, 15-year-old Tanya says, "I did it on purpose so that I could be a loving adult mom." According to the model in the text, this rationale best fits with the ________ reason for not using contraceptives.

lack of motivation

Sid and Nancy are out on their fifth date. Which factor is least likely to increase the possibility of an acquaintance rape occurring?

Nancy struggles with Sid when he makes unwanted advances.

Which statement best describes the basic premise of Super's implementation phase of career development?

"I'll take the job and see what happens."

Zeke enjoys expressing himself on unstructured tasks. This description indicates that Zeke most likely has a(n) ________ personality type.

artistic

Sixteen-year-old B.K.'s parents are happy when she tells them she's decided to take on a part-time job working 20-30 hours a week at a fast-food restaurant. Based on the research presented in your text, should these parents be happy?

No, as this behavior is associated with an increased risk for drug use.

Which of the following 15-year-olds is least likely to drink alcohol?

Barbara, whose parents sometimes drink small amounts with meals.

The most effective non-drug interventions for teenage depression focus on:

teaching social skills.

Chapter 9 true or false

Chapter 9 true or false

During the diffusion phase of identity status, a person's identity is determined by adults rather than by personal exploration.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
2
Adolescent egocentrism is characterized by a lack of self-absorption.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
3
Personal fables are based on seeing one's self as unique.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
4
Self-esteem levels tend to vary by domain (e.g., social, academic).
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
5
A child's self-esteem is influenced by how they are viewed by their parents.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
6
The "storm and stress" analogy accurately reflects the experience of most teenagers.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
7
Ignorance of the facts of contraception and lack of access to contraceptives both contribute to high teenage pregnancy rates in the United States.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
8
Same-sex attraction tends to be less understood in males than in females.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
9
Date rape involves the use of force.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
10
During the specification phase of vocation choice, a person takes a job and gains hands-on information about the career.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
11
Holland's theory focuses on the important connection between personality, career selection, and career fulfillment.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
12
Investigative personality types enjoy thinking about abstract relationships.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
13
Parents who drink socially are more likely to have children who drink as teens.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
14
The neurotransmitter serotonin regulates brain centers linked to experiencing pleasure.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
15
Suicide is the leading cause of death in American teens.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false

During the diffusion phase of identity status, a person's identity is determined by adults rather than by personal exploration.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
2
Adolescent egocentrism is characterized by a lack of self-absorption.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
3
Personal fables are based on seeing one's self as unique.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
4
Self-esteem levels tend to vary by domain (e.g., social, academic).
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
5
A child's self-esteem is influenced by how they are viewed by their parents.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
6
The "storm and stress" analogy accurately reflects the experience of most teenagers.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
7
Ignorance of the facts of contraception and lack of access to contraceptives both contribute to high teenage pregnancy rates in the United States.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
8
Same-sex attraction tends to be less understood in males than in females.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
9
Date rape involves the use of force.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
10
During the specification phase of vocation choice, a person takes a job and gains hands-on information about the career.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false
your answer:
11
Holland's theory focuses on the important connection between personality, career selection, and career fulfillment.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
12
Investigative personality types enjoy thinking about abstract relationships.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
13
Parents who drink socially are more likely to have children who drink as teens.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
14
The neurotransmitter serotonin regulates brain centers linked to experiencing pleasure.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: true
your answer:
15
Suicide is the leading cause of death in American teens.
True
False
status: not answered ()
correct: false

Yacef suddenly finds himself newly married and out of school with a new job. Yacef is experiencing:

role transitions.

Who would Erikson say is most capable of true intimacy?

Aileen, who has a clear sense of identity.

Which of Brittney's actions best exemplifies an attempt to move beyond "thresholder" status?

Her two marriages.

People who quit smoking after smoking for a long time:

show significant improvements in their health.

Jari is a frequent binge drinker. Which is he less likely to experience than his non-binge drinking peers?

good grades

6
Who is at the greatest risk of a heart attack?

Forrest, who has high levels of LDLs and low levels of HDLs.

A doctor is attempting to determine how healthy you are. She uses a formula that contains information regarding your height and weight. What is she most likely measuring?

BMI

Kali has a theory of intelligence that views intelligence as being a combination of several factors such as fine motor skills, cognitive ability, and emotional control. Kali's theory is:

multidimensional.

After taking several college courses, Chuck's short-term memory ability increased. This exemplifies the concept of:

plasticity.

Which is not a factor identified by Schaie (1994) as a variable that helps reduce the risk of cognitive decline in old age?

Being single.

Someone who knows the answers to all the questions on Who Wants to Be a Millionaire would be exhibiting:

crystallized intelligence.

Ralphie believes that following school rules is important because a teacher's authority should not be questioned. Ralphie would probably be closest to the ________ stage of reflective judgment.

initial

Stereotypes:

help us process information in social situations.

See More

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