Types of False Reasoning

12 terms by kimberhea Plus

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red herring

introduces an irrelevant issue to divert attention from the subject at hand

ad huminem

attacks the person rather than dealing with the real issue

false dilemna/either-or

forces listeners to choose between two alternatives neither of which is attractive

bandwagon

assumes that because something is popular it is good or correct or desirable

slippery slope

assumes that taking a first step will lead to subsequent steps that cannot be prevented

guilt by association

wrongdoing is assumed because of a past behavior

name calling

uses verbal assaults to belittle or nulify another's character or ability

equivocation

the argument of what a word means

non sequitor

the conclusion just doesn't follow from the major premise

card stacking

shows only the favorable qualities or attributes of a person, place, or thing

hasty generalization

general conclusions are assumed from an insufficient number of instances

false analogy

tries to compare two things that just don't have enough in common to make a fair comparison

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