The science and philosophy of law
Governs violations of the law that are punishable as offenses against the state or the government.
Minor crime, punishable by fine or imprisonment in a city or county jail for 1 year or less.
Major crime, such as murder, rape, or burglary. Punishable by imprisonment for more than 1 year.
The most serious crime is the attempt to overthrow the government.
Concerned with all acts that are not criminal in nature but involved relationships of individuals with other individuals, organizations or government agencies.
Provides remedy for a person or group that has suffered harm from the wrongful acts of others.
The person or group bringing a case or legal action to court.
A person required to makeanswer in a legal action or suit; in criminal cases, the person accused of a crime.
The legal party responsible for presenting the case against an individual suspected of breaking the law in a criminal trial.
A binding custom or practice of a commuinity; a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforceable by a controlling authority.
Involves regulations set forth by governmental agencies.
The level of certainty a juror must have to find a defendant guilty of a crime.
An alternative to trial that uses a third party who has been selected because of the party's familiarity with or knowledge of the law or the issues involved to hear evidence and make a decision.
The performance of an act that is wholly wrongful and unlawful.
The improper performance of a lawful act.
The failure to perform an act that should have been performed.
A writ or document commanding a person to appear in court under a penalty for failure to appear.
Testimony taken from a party or witness to the litigation and is not limited to the parties named in the lawsuit.
Failure to exercise the care that a prudent person usually exercises; implies inattention to one's duty or business; implies want of due or necessary diligence or care.
If no jury is present, the judge decides the case.
Designed to punish the party who commited the wrong in such a way so as to deter the repetition of the act and are sometimes called exemplary damages.
Small awards that are token compensations for the invasion of a legal right in which no actual injury was suffered.
Include compensation for pain and suffereing, for loss of a bodily member or faculty, for disfigurement or for other similiar direct losses or injuries.
Injuries or losses that are not a necessary consequence of the physician's negligent act or omission.
Designed to compensate for any actual damages that are cuased by the negligent person.
The pretrial disclosure of pertinent facts or documents by one or both parties to legal action or proceeding.
Limiting administrative costs of healthcare and privacy issues, as well as prevention of fraud and abuse, confidentiality and security for patients.
Duty, Dereliction, Direct cause and Damages.
The physician-patient relationship has been established. The patient has sought the assistance of the physician and the physician has knowing undertaken to provide the needed medical service.
Failure to perform a duty. There must be proof that the physician shomehow neglected the duty to the patient.
There must be proof that the harm to the patient was directly caused by the physician's actions or failure to act and that the harm would not otherwise have occured.
The patient must prove that a loss or harm has resulted from the actions of the physician.
Presumed consent, such as when a patient offers an arm for phlebotomy procedure.
Grounds for Revoke or Suspension
Conviction of a crime, Unprofessional conduct or personal or professional incapacity.