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The Development of the US Constitution & How Our Government Works Created by Mr. Lickteig Fort Riley Middle School

unconstitutional

what the Supreme Court rules if something is against the Constitution

unanimous

in complete agreement

George Mason

father of the "Bill of Rights"

economics

how a nation decide who gets what RESOURCES; $$

Capitalism

Free Market economy; winner-takes-all; used in USA

states

The Articles of Confederation gave power to the ________

national / federal

The Articles of Confederation created a weak ____________

Virginia Plan

idea that said a state's representatives should be based on its population

New Jersey Plan

idea that thought each state should have an equal number of representatives

bicameral

two houses

Great Compromise

the agreement to combine two plans and create a bicameral legislative branch

House of Representatives

this side of the legislative branch has representative's based on a state's population

Senate

this side of the legislative branch has an equal number of representatives from each state

2

number of Senators from each state

Congress

the word used to describe BOTH the House of Representatives and the Senate

3/5 Compromise

how the Constitutional Convention decided to handle slavery, made each slave worth part of the state's population

Federalists

these people wanted a strong central government and were in favor of the Constitution

Antifederalists

were worried that the Constitution did not have a Bill of Rights or gave too much power to the national government

Federalists Papers

collection of writings about why states should ratify the Constitution

impeach

the Legislative branch can "check" on the Executive Branch by _________ the president

President

Head of the Executive Branch

9

Number of Supreme Court Justices

2 years

how long a representative serves

4 years

how long a president serves

6 years

how long a senator serves

35 years old

how old you have to be to be president

25 years old

how old you have to be to be a representative

unconstitutional

if the Supreme Court reviews a law and finds it isn't in the Constitution, the law is declared _______________

judicial review

the process that the Supreme Court uses to judge on laws and cases

Executive

the branch that ENFORCES the laws

Judicial

the branch that INTERPRETS the laws

Legislative

the branch that MAKES laws

1st

amendment that protects freedom of speech, religion, press, and petition

2nd

amendment that protects right to bear arms

4th

amendment that prohibits unresonable searches

8th

amendment that protects against cruel and unusual punishment

10th

amendment that grants power to the states if it is not in the US Constitution

Bill of Rights

the first 10 amendements

1st

the article of the Constitution that addresses the legislative branch

2nd

the article of the Constitution that addresses the executive branch

3rd

the article of the Constitution that addresses the judicial branch

4th

the article of the Constitution that addresses the rights of states and how states can join the union

5th

the article of the Constitution that addresses how to amend the Constitution

James Madison

considered the father of the Constitution

veto

if the president rejects a bill, it is called a _______

committee

the first place a bill goes on it's way to becoming a law

anarchy

NO government, no control, total freedom

republic

government where people vote for REPRESENTATIVES who make decisions for them; also vote for President (Head Executive)

parliamentary

government where people vote for representatives; the POLITICAL PARTY in control picks their PRIME MINISTER (Head Executive)

monarchy

government ruled by 1 FAMILY (king, queen, emperor, chief, etc)

theocracy

government ruled by 1 RELIGION

totalitarian

government ruled by 1 specific PARTY; total control of country

dictatorship

government ruled by 1 PERSON

democracy

government where EVERYONE has a say in issues

oligarchy

government where a SMALL GROUP of ELITES make decisions

totalitarian

government where only ONE person or group makes the decisions

authority

who makes the decisions

Socialism

economic system where government controls parts of the economy and private enterprise runs other parts

Communism

type of economy where the GOVERNMENT runs everything

government

how societies and nations decide who will rule

libel

untruthful WRITTEN comments that harm a person's reputation

slander

untruthful ORAL comments that harm a person's reputation

fallacy

argument that does not make logical sense, but appears to be right

ad hominem

fallacy - attacking the person and not the issue

appeal to emotions

fallacy - using words to invoke feelings to get attention away from the issue

bandwagon

fallacy - creates the impression that everyone is doing it and so should you

false cause

fallacy - assumes a cause and effect relationship that is not true

hasty generalization

fallacy - draws a conclusion about a population based on a small sample

red herring

fallacy - presents an irrelevant topic to divert attention away from original issue

scare tactic

fallacy - creates fear as evidence to support a claim

testimonial

fallacy - use of celebrity to endorse a product or idea

glittering generarlity

fallacy - using words or phrases that sound wonderful but can not be proven true

electoral college

the process the US uses to elect president

538

total number of electoral votes available during a Presidential Election

270

the "magic number" needed to win a Presidential Election

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