Muscle Naming

Created by gabbywelch 

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Rectus

Parallel to midline (Rectus abdominis)
*Direction

Transverse

Perpendicular to midline (Transversus abdominis)
*Direction

Oblique

*Direction
Diagonal to midline (external oblique

Maximus

*Size
Largest (Gluteus maximus)

Minimus

*Size
Smallest (Gluteus minimus)

Longus

*Size
Long (Adductor longus)

Brevis

*Size
Short (Adductor brevis)

Latissmus

*Size
Widest (Latissimus dorsi)

Longissimus

*Size
Longest (Longissimus capitis)

Magnus

*Size
Large (Adductor magnus)

Major

*Size
Larger (Pectoralis major)

Minor

*Size
Smaller (Pectoralis minor)

Vastus

*Size
Huge (Vastus lateralis)

Deltoid

*Shape
Triangular (Deltoid)

Trapezius

*Shape
Trapezoid (Trapezius)

Serratus

*Shape
Saw-toothed (Serratus anterior)

Rhomboid

*Shape
Diamond-shaped (Rhomboid major)

Orbicularis

*Shape
Circular (Orbicularis oculi)

Pectinate

*Shape
Comblike (Pectineus)

Piriformis

*Shape
Pear-shaped (Piriformis)

Platys

*Shape
Flat (Platysma)

Quadratus

*Shape
Square, four-sided (Quadratus femoris)

Gracilis

*Shape
Slender (Gracilis)

Flexor

*Action
Decreases joint angle (flexor carpi radialis)

Extensor

*Action
Increases joint angle (Extensor carpi ulnaris)

Abductor

*Action
Moves a bone away from midline (abductor pollicis longus)

Adductor

*Action
Moves a bone closer to midline (Adductor longus)

Levator

*Action
Raises or elevates a body part (Levator scapulae)

Depressor

*Action
Lowers or depresses a body part (Depressor labii inferioris)

Supinator

*Action
Turns palm anteriorly (Supinator)

Pronator

*Action
Turns palm posteriorly (Pronator teres)

Sphincter

*Action
Decreases size of opening (External anal sphincter)

Tensor

*Action
Makes a body part rigid (Tensor fasciae latae)

Rotator

*Action
Rotates a bond around longitudinal axis (Rotatore)

Biceps

*Number of origins
Two origins (Biceps brachii)

Tricepts

*Number of origins
Three origins (Triceps brachii)

Quadriceps

*Number of origins
Four origins (Quadriceps femoris)

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