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what are the functions of body fluids?

environment for chemical changes in cell
keep body temp stable, gives form and structure to body tissue

signs and symptoms of dehydration

sunken eyes, no tears, poor skin turgor, lacks elasticity, muscle weakness, oliguria

symptoms and signs of fluid overload

edema in the ankles hands and face
"wet" lung sounds
weight gain

what discrepancy accounts for 45 to 75% of body fluid weight?

age and body fat

average intake and output for average size adult

intake 2000ml-2500ml daily
output 1500ml-2000ml daily
below 600ml is of concern

hypovolemia

decrease in blood volume

hypervolemia

increase in blood volume

edema

swelling

ascites

excess fluid in the space between tissue lining abdomen and abdominal organs

parental

administration by iv or im injection

enteral

absorption of drug through gastrointestinal tract

oliguria

low output of urine, decrease in urine

anuria

non passage of urine, suspension of urine

polyuria

excessive or abnormally large passage of urine

polydipsia

excessive thirst

insensible fluid loss

fluid loss and gain perspiration and respiration

intracellular

inside the cell

intravascular

inside the blood vessels

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