The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering
The total number of people divided by the total land area.
a period count of the population
Crude Birth Rate
the number of live births yearly per thousand people in a population
Crude Death Rate
The number of deaths per year per 1,000 people.
change in a population from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates
the branch of sociology that studies the characteristics of human populations
The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64, compares to the number of people active in the labor force.
the time required for a population to double in size
Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition.
the branch of medical science dealing with the transmission and control of disease
The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
the transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation
Infant Mortality Rate
the death rate during the first year of life
an expected time to live as calculated on the basis of statistical probabilities
Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives.
Natural Increase Rate
The difference between the number of births and number of deaths within a particular country.
The number of a people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
an epidemic that is geographically widespread
The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
The number of males per 100 females in the population.
Total Fertility Rate
The number of children born to an average woman in a population during her entire reproductive life
Zero Population Growth
when the birth rate equals the death rate