English Mythology Test: Gods, Perseus, Theseus

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Zeus

Jupiter. King of the Gods. God of Lightning.

Poseidon

Neptune. God of Sea.

Hades

Pluto. Lord of the underworld.

Hestia

Vesta. Goddess of hearth/home

Hera

Juno. Queen of the Gods. Goddess of Marriage.

Ares

Mars. God of War.

Athena

Minerva. Goddess of Wisdom.

Apollo

God of Light, music.

Aphrodite

Venus. Goddess of Love, beauty.

Hermes

Mercury. Messanger/herald of the Gods.

Artemis

Diana. Virgin huntress.

Hephaestus

Vulcan. God of fire.

Eros

Cupid. God of Love

Demeter

Ceres. Goddess of Harvest.

Dionysus

Bacchus. God of Wine.

Fairytale

Purely imaginative fictional story, intended to teach, amuse, or entertain.

Fairy godparents of Perseus

Athena and Hermes

Two major themes of Perseus

Dominance of Fate, Danger of Arrogance and Hubris

King Acrisius

King of Argos, had one daughter: Danae. He really wanted a son, though, so he went to Delphi to ask the god if he would have a son. The priestess told him no and that his daughter would have a son who would kill him.

Danae

daughter of Acrisius, mother of Perseus. Her father shut her in a chest and threw it into the sea, it washed to shore off the coast of Italy.

Perseus

(Greek mythology) the son of Zeus who slew Medusa (with the help of Athena and Hermes) and rescued Andromeda from a sea monster

Polydectes

king, brother of Dictys, falls in love with Danae, and challenges Perseus to kill Medusa

Dictys

The fisherman who discovers Danae and Perseus.

Andromeda

a maiden that Perseus had met on his voyage home; he saved her from serpents that were supposed to eat her and they got married

Cassiopeia

Andromeda's mother; queen. Silly and vain

Grey Women

Three old women who know the way to the Gorgons home

Gorgons

Monsters, famous for their deadly powers.

Hyperboreans

nymphs of the North

Medusa

Gorgon. Monster, with snaky hair and wings.

Theseus

(Greek mythology) a hero and king of Athens who was noted for his many great deeds: killed Procrustes and the Minotaur and defeated the Amazons and united Attica

Aegeus

This person was the father of Theseus. He was a king, and threw himself from a cliff when his son came home bearing the wrong sail on the ship. There is a very large body of water named after him. [chance]

King Minos of Crete

powerful ruler of Crete, who lost his only son (Androgeus) when he was on a hunting trip while visiting Aegeus

Minotaur

(Greek mythology) a mythical monster with the head of a bull and the body of a man

Ariadne

daughter of King Minos; fell in love with Theseus and promised to help him destroy the Minotaur if he would marry her; never did get married

Hippolyta

Queen of the Amazons, bears Hippolytus to Theseus

Pirithous

Son of Ixion; friend of Theseus; tried to carry off Persephone from Hades; bound to enchanted rock by Pluto.

Centaurs

principally savage beasts, half-horse and half-man.

Labyrinth

Built by Daedalus, almost impossible to get out of.

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