Government Test Chapters 7-9

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A very popular presidential candidate pulls in many voters for his party, resulting in the elections of several other members of his party running of State and local offices

Which of the following is an example of the coattail effect

Hard money

money raised and spent to elect candidates for Congress and the White House

Precinct

a voting district, the smallest geographic units for the conduct of elections.

Direct primary

method of nomination is most common in the United States today

To raise money to influence elections and public policy on behalf of special-interest groups

function of a political action committee (PAC)?

Open

A primary in which any qualified voters can cast ballots

subsidy

A grant of money, usually from the government, for use as campaign money

soft money

given to party organizations for "party-building activities

Closed

A primary in which only declared party member can vote

Nomination

the process of narrowing the field of possible candidates for office called

Tuesday-after the first Monday in November of every even-numbered year

Most elections happen on the date Congress set for national elections, which is

Absentee voting and early voting

By what two methods can voters cast their ballots on days other than the official Election Day

usually payday and dont's want people to become subject to campaign pressures

Why does voting not take place on the first day of the month

A blanket primary is one in which

Every voter gets a ballot listing every candidate, regardless of party, for every nomination to be made at the primary

They do not exclude independent voters

What is the main argument in support of open primaries

separation of church and state

Why does voting not take place on Sunday

They prevent on party of "raiding" the other's primary

What is the main argument in support of closed primaries

1) printed at public expense
2) lists names of all candidates
3) given out at the polls, one to each qualified voter
4) marked in secret

4 parts to the Australian ballot

Sound bite

A news report lasting less than a minute is a

A faulty method of gathering information by asking the same question of a large number of people

What is a straw vote?

A means of communication

What is a medium?

Instructions or commands a constituency gives elected officials

What is a mandate?

Random sample

What is a sample in which each member of the universe and each geographic area within it have a mathematically equal chance of being included?

Intensity Stability
Relevance

Pollsters have difficulty measuring

Societal problems that need governmental attention

The public agenda is

Quota sample

What is a sample deliberately constructed to reflect several of the major characteristics of a given universe?

Device that attempts to collect information by asking people questions

A public opinion poll is a

talk-show host

Which of the following is the best example of opinion leader?

Share

Children raised by caregivers with particular political views tend to _____________ those views when they become adults

1)Define the universe; 2) construct a sample; 3) prepare valid questions; 4) select and control a poll method; and 5) analyze and report findings

What are the basic steps in the polling process?

Public opinion

What term refers to attitudes held by a significant number of people on matters of government and politics?

Public affairs

What term refers to events and issues of concern to people at large?

Schools and family

What two factors have the biggest impact on public opinion?

Peer group

What term refers to the people with whom one regularly associates?

Mass Media

What term refers to communication that reaches large, widely dispersed audiences simultaneously?

A person who has a strong influence on the views of others

What is an "opinion leader?"

Public policy

______________includes all of the goals that a government pursues in the many areas of human affairs in which it is involved

Trade association

A _________________is an interest group that focuses on a particular segment of the business community.

He distrusted them and warned that they must be carefully controlled

What was James Madison's view of interest groups, or "factions" as he called them?

They sometimes wield power far out of proportion with their importance

One valid criticism of interest groups is that

Committing bribery and making threats of revenge

A few interest groups use tactics that threaten to undermine the whole political system. Examples of such tactics are

Stimulating interest in public affairs
Providing useful information to the government
Keeping tabs on government activities

main functions of interest groups

Those issues and events that concern the people at large

What are public affairs

Pressuring lawmakers in an effort to influence public policy

What is lobbying?

A pressure from a great number of average voters

What is a grass-roots effort?

Institute certain public policies of benefit to all or most people in this country

Pubic-interest groups seek to

To press for government policies that will benefit its members

What is one goal of a labor union?

Propaganda

If an interest group attaches an unflattering label to discredit a public official's position on an issue, it is using a persuasive technique called

An agricultural group

groups that would most likely work to regulate the prices of dairy products?

Public Policy

Interest groups try to influence ________________, which includes all of the goals that a government pursues on behalf of the people

Public affairs

Interest groups help to stimulate interest in ________________, or those issues and events that concern the people at large

Single-interest group

An interest group that concentrates its efforts on one issue, such as abortion, gun control, or health care is a

1)To supply the public with information; 2) to build a positive image for the group; 3) to promote a particular public policy

What are the three major goals of interest groups?

Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995

The law that require all lobbyists to register and provide detailed information about their activities and clients is the

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