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Authoritative parents are likely to have children who:

have high self-esteem and are self-reliant.

Compared to authoritarian parents, authoritative parents are likely to be:

more responsive.

The McDougals use harsh discipline on their children and demand unquestioning obedience. Psychologists are likely to characterize the McDougals as ________ parents.

authoritarian

"I don't care whether you want to wash the dishes, you will do so because I said so!" This statement is most representative of a(n) ________ parenting style.

authoritarian

At age 12, Sean is happy, self-reliant, and has a positive self-image. It is most likely that Sean's parents are:

authoritative.

People's styles of romantic love in adulthood are most likely to reflect their childhood:

attachment experiences.

Which of the following was not found by the Harlows in socially deprived monkeys?

They showed abnormal physical development.

Learning to delay gratification promotes:

moral action.

Mark believes that choosing to violate government laws is morally justifiable if it is done to protect the lives of innocent people. Kohlberg would suggest that this illustrates ________ morality.

postconventional

Even though smoking marijuana would reduce the pain associated with her chronic medical condition, Juanita believes it would be morally wrong because it is prohibited by the laws of her state. Kohlberg would suggest that Juanita demonstrates a(n) _______ morality.

conventional

Kohlberg emphasized that human behavior becomes less selfish as we mature due to:

cognitive development.

Which of the following is true of adolescence in contemporary industrialized societies, as compared to previous centuries?

It begins earlier in life and ends later in life.

Physical abilities such as muscular strength, reaction time, sensory keenness, and cardiac output reach their peak during:

early adulthood.

Menopause refers to:

the cessation of menstruation.

The emotional impact of menopause on a woman depends on:

her expectations and attitudes.

After their grown children have left home, most couples experience:

greater happiness and enjoyment in their marital relationship.

Among employed women, the task of raising children is especially likely to be associated with ________ marital satisfaction. The departure of mature children from the home is typically associated with ________ marital satisfaction.

decreasing; increasing

Questions about whether anxious children will grow up to be either fearful or relaxed adults most directly highlight the issue of:

stability or change.

Which of the following statements is consistent with the current thinking of developmental psychologists?

The consistency of personality in most people tends to increase over the life span.

The fact that many happy and well-adjusted adults were once rebellious and unhappy as adolescents is most relevant to the issue of:

stability or change.

Parents who are demanding and yet sensitively responsive to their children are said to be:

authoritative.

Compared to the children with authoritarian parents, the children of authoritative parents are:

more likely to develop a sense of self-reliance and more likely to demonstrate social competence.

Edith abuses both her 3-year-old and 1-year-old daughters. Her behavior is most likely related to a lack of:

an early and secure attachment to her own parents.

Harlow observed that most monkeys raised in total isolation

were incapable of mating upon reaching sexual maturity.

Jarrud thinks he should obey his teachers only if they are carefully watching him. Kohlberg would suggest that Jarrud demonstrates a(n) ________ morality.

preconventional

Learning to delay gratification promotes:

moral action

Piaget is to cognitive development as Kohlberg is to ________ development.

moral

As men advance through middle adulthood they experience a gradual decline in:

testosterone level,sperm count,ejaculation speed.

The emotional impact of menopause on a woman depends on:

her expectations and attitudes.

Compared to 40 years ago, American men today are marrying:

at an older age and American women are marrying at an older age

After living together for a year, Sylvia and Yefim have decided to marry. Research on premarital cohabitation most strongly suggests that:

their marriage will have a higher-than-average probability of ending in divorce.

Most contemporary developmental psychologists believe that:

the shaping of personality continues during adolescence and well beyond.

Research on developmental stability and change indicates that:

temperament is a particularly unstable trait,development is almost completely dominated by discontinuity over time,at the age of 1 or 2, adult personality traits are still largely unpredictable.

Which of the following statements is consistent with the current thinking of developmental psychologists?

The consistency of personality in most people tends to increase over the life span.

Which of the following statements concerning the effects of aging is true?

The aging process can be significantly affected by the individual's activity patterns.

After their grown children have left home, most couples experience:

greater happiness and enjoyment in their marital relationship.

Research on developmental stability and change indicates that:

at the age of 1 or 2, adult personality traits are still largely unpredictable

Two characteristics of authoritarian parents are that they demonstrate:

high levels of parental control and low levels of parental responsiveness.

According to Kohlberg, morality based on the avoidance of punishment and the attainment of concrete rewards represents a ________ morality.

preconventional

Kohlberg emphasized that human behavior becomes less selfish as we mature due to:

cognitive development.

Fourteen-year-old Cassandra feels freer and more open with her friends than with her family. Knowing this is the case, Cassandra's parents should:

not worry, since adolescence is typically a time of growing peer influence and diminishing parental influence.

Among employed women, the task of raising children is especially likely to be associated with ________ marital satisfaction. The departure of mature children from the home is typically associated with ________ marital satisfaction.

decreasing; increasing

The fact that many happy and well-adjusted adults were once rebellious and unhappy as adolescents is most relevant to the issue of:

stability or change.

Which of the following statements is consistent with the current thinking of developmental psychologists?

The consistency of personality in most people tends to increase over the life span.

Whose stage theory of moral development was based on how people reasoned about ethical dilemmas?

kolhberg

Adolescence is typically a time of:

diminishing parental influence and growing peer influence.

When children grow up and leave home, mothers most frequently report feeling:

happy

Joshua and Ann Bishop have a 13-month-old boy. According to Erikson, the Bishops' sensitive, loving care of their child contributes to:

the child's sense of basic trust

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