Powerful German state.
Otto von Bismarck
Prussian leader of German unification/nationalism movement.
Prussian, conservative, land-owning class.
Prussian economic union, removed tariff barriers betwen German states, in step toward political unity.
"realistic politics," practical politics, ends justified the means, power more important that principles.
Policy of blood and Iron
Bismarck's plan for unification, wars and militarism (industrialism)
glorification of war and military
province of Denmark, many German-speaking peopl, "iberated" by the alliance of Prussian and Austria
War with Austria
Bismarck attacked Ausrtia, 7week war, Prussia has control over both Schleswig & Holstain, and several Northern German states
Bismarck rallies German against Napoleon 3 when he opposes a Prussian King on Spamish throne, France not prepared for war, Prussian victory in a few weeks
telegram that was edited by Bismarck that was insulting to the French ambassador, leads to decleration of war
united Germany, heir to the Holy Roman Empire that was abolished by Napoleon in 1806
pKaiser Wilhelm 1
emperor of the uited Germany, allowed Bismarck to make many decisions. Kaiser Wilhelm 2- grandson of 1, will ask Bismarck to resign to 1890
upper house of german legislature, members appointed, had veto power. Reichstag-lower house, members elected by universal male suffrage.