Health Vocabulary Chapters 1-4

Created by jonathon_whitaker 

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41 terms

Physical Health

Covers the aspect of health that lead directly to your body, your weight, strength, and the way your body functions

Social Health

Involves interacting well with people and the environment and having satisfying relationships.

Spiritual Health

Maintaining harmonious relationships with other living things and having spiritual direction and purpose

Health

State of well being that comes from the 5 aspects of health

Mental Health

The ability to recognize reality

Emotional Health

Expressing feelings in an appropriate way

Self-esteem

Feeling good about yourself and your abilities

Social Support

Driving positive feelings by sharing life situations with others

Physical fitness

A state in which your body can meet daily life demands

Communicable disease

A disease that is passed from person to person by an organism

Life Expectancy

The number of years a person can reasonably be expected to live

Quality of life

A degree in which a person lives life to its fullest capacity with enjoyment and reward

Decision making level

A series of steps in which a person makes a reasonable decision

Values

A persons strong beliefs and ideals

Cholesterol

A waxy substance that can clog the arteries and cause heart disease

High blood pressure

A condition in which the blood pushes harder then normal against the inside of the blood pressure

Endorphin

A substance that is produced inside the brain and has pleasurable effects

Physical Fitness

The ability to perform daily tasks rigorously and to perform physical activities while avoiding diseases related to lack of activity

Aerobic Fitness

The ability to endure at least ten minutes of moderate activity

Muscular Strength and endurance

The muscles ability to perform a very heavy force over a short period of time or apply force to a sustained period

Flexibility

ability to move muscles and joints through their full range of motion

body composition

the proportion of body weight that is made up of fat tissue compared to lean tissue

aerobic exercise

physical activity that increases the supply of oxygen to the muscles and can be continued for a period of time without rest

anaerobic exercise

physical exercise that can increase speed and strength and cannot be continued for a few minuets without stopping

anabolic steroids

a artificially made substance that can temporarily increase muscle size

brain waves

electrical patterns produced by the brain the fluctuate greatly during the sleep cycle

REM

Rapid eye movement, the period of the sleep cycle in which the eyes move rapidly back and forth under the eye lid

Insomnia

Temporary or continuing loss of sleep

Hunger

The body's physical response to the need for food

Appetite

The desire to eat based on pleasure derived from eating.

Essential nutrients

The six categories of substances that are needed to nourish the body.

Calorie

A unit of measurement for energy rie= 1 kilocalorie

Carbohydrates

A class of nutrients containing starches, simple sugar, Glycogen, and dietary fiber

Complex carbohydrates

A subclass of carbohydrates that includes starches, dietary fiber, and glycogen.

Dietary Fiber

A subclass of complex carbohydrates with a high ratio of plant material that is not absorbed by the body

Fats

A class of nutrients that supply more energy per gram then carbohydrates or proteins.

Saturated Fats

Fats that contain single bonds between carbon atoms and their maximum and the maximum number of hydrogen atoms bonded to carbon

Unsaturated fats

fats that contain one or more double bonds between carbon atoms and less then the maximum number of hydrogen atoms bonded to carbon

HDL

Compounds that removed from the blood and transport it back to the liver associated with good cholestrol

LDL

Compounds that carry cholesterol to cells for cell processes associated with bad cholesterol. Most cholesterol in the blood is LDL cholesterol.

Cholesterol

A fatlike substance that is part of animal cells and is needed for production of some hormone and fat cells

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