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Chapters 11-14

A person with type A blood can receive a blood donation from an individual with:
Type AB blood
Type B blood
Type O blood

Type O blood

Macrophages are specialized phagocyctic cells found outside of the circulatory system and are derived from:
basophils
eosinophils
erthrocytes
monocytes
lymphocytes

monocytes

Which one of the following is the most numerous cell in a given volume of blood?
erthrocyte
leukocyte
thrombocyte

erythrocyte

True/False A blood clot is also known as a thrombus.
True
False

True

Which of the following is involved in allergic reactions?
erythrocyte
eosinophil
neutrophil
lymphocyte

eosinophil

A decrease in white blood cells is referred to as:
polycythemia
leukemia
leukopenia
anemia
leukocytosis

leukopenia

An excessive production of erythrocytes
hemorrhagic anemia
polycythemia
pernicious anemia
sickle cell anemia

polycythemai

The suffix that refers to a blood condition:
-osis
-emia
-penia
-itis

-emia

Anemia caused by a defective gene resulting in an abnormal hemoglobin:
hemorrhagic anemia
aplastic anemia
pernicious anemia
sickle cell aneamia

sickle cell anemia

Which one of the following is NOT a formed element of blood?
platelets
plasma
erythrocytes
lymphocytes
thrombocytes

plasma

All of the following are blood proteins EXCEPT:
albumin
collagen
fibrinogen
immunoglobulins

collagen

True/False Anemia is the inability of blood to carry sufficient oxygen to the tissues.
True
False

True

A disease caused by Rh incompatibilty:
sickle cell anemia
erythroblastosis fetalis
iron deficiency anemia
leukemia
leukocytosis

erythroblastosis fetalis

Which of the following has the function of transporting oxygen and carbon dioxide?
erythrocyte
basophil
neutophil
lymphocyte
eosinophil

erythrocyte

In the ABO blood typing system, this is the "universal donor"
Type A
Type B
Type AB
Type O

Type O

Which one of the following is NOT considered a formed element in the blood?
erythrocyte
basophil
mast cell
neutropil
eosinophil

mast cell

In the ABO blood typing system, this is the "universal recipient."
Type A
Type B
Type AB
Type O

Type AB

The oxygen carrying protein in blood
immunoglobulin
collagen
hemoglobin
albumin

hemoglobin

Which one of the following is responsible for antibody production?
T lymphocyte
B lymphocyte
neutrophil
eosinophil
erythrocyte

B lymphocyte

Which one of the following is a blood clotting protein?
albumin
fibrin
immunoglobulin
collagen

fibrin

True/false The liquid component of blood is the plasma.
True
False

True

In a hematocrit test:
The red blood cells are located at the bottom of the tube.
The red blood cells are located at the top of the tube.
The white blood cells are located at the bottom of the tube

The red blood cells are located at the bottom of the tube.

True/false the liver is very essential to maintaining homeostasis because it detoxifies many harmful substances
True
False

True

Which of the following is NOT a layer found in blood vessels?
tunica returna
tunica intima
tunica externa
tunica media

tunica returna

Contraction of the heart:
diastole
systole
palpitation
murmur

systole

During vigorous exercise, the greatest change in blood flow occurs in:
the brain
skeletal muscle
the skin
the kidneys
cardiac muscle

skeletal muscle

The femoral artery supplies the
armpit
arm
thigh
foot
brain

thigh

The valve located between the right atrium and the right ventricle
tricuspid valve
pulmonic valve
mitral valve (bicuspid valve)
aortic valve

tricuspid valve

Which one of the following is not a layer of the heart?
pericardium
enodcardium
peritoneum
myocardium

peritoneum

The valve located between the left atrium and the left ventricle
tricuspid valve
pulmonic valve
mitral valve (bicuspid Valve)
aortic valve

mitral valve

Blood leaving the left ventricle is
oxygenated
deoxygenated

oxygenatedB

Blood enters the right atrium through the
right brachiocephalic artery
superior and inferior vena cava
aorta
right pulmonary vein

superior and inferior vena cava

A single layer of squamous epithelial cells lining the inner surface of the circulatory system
epicardium
endothelium
myocardium
pericardium

endothelium

The "wall" separting the two ventricles:
atrioventricular septum
interatrial septum
interventricular septum
none of the above

interventricular septum

Most important vessel for the regulation of blood pressure
arterioles
capillaries
venules

arterioles

The most muscular chamber of the heart
right atrium
right ventricle
left atrium
left ventricle

left ventricle

A major artery to the small intestine:
superior mesenteric
internal carotid
renal
radial
brachial

superior mesenteric

True/false Angina pectoris is another name for myocardial infarction.
True
false

false

The most inferior aspect of the heart:
apex
base
endocardium
mediastinum

apex

Which one of the following is true of blood pressure?
It is higher in the arteries than the veins
It is higher in the veins than arteries
It is equal in the arteries and veings

It is higher in the arteries than the veins

True/False Polycythemia may increase blood viscosity (thickness) due to an increase in red blood cells and that may put a person at risk for stroke or myocardial infarction
True
False

True

The chamber of the heart that receives blood as it returns from the pulmonary circulation:
right atrium
right ventricle
left atrium
left ventricle

left atrium

True/False Because the blood circulates through the heart, it does not require blood vessels to supply the myocardium
True
false

false

A dislodged blood clot that travels through the circulation
thrombus
embolus
platelet
thrombocyte

embolus

The most numerous cells of the immune system:
monocytes
lymphocytes
eosinophils
erythrocytes
basophils

lymphocytes

What is the protein that oxygen combines with for transport through the blood?
iron
hemoglobin
Immunoglobulin
collagen
both and C

hemoglobin

Most of the oxygen in the blood is transported:
as dissolved oxygen in the blood
combined with hemoglobin

combined with hemoglobin

The greatest amount of air that one can breathe out in on expiration:
tidal volume
vital capacity
reserve volume
dead space

vital capacity

Which one of the following is part of both the respiratory and digestive system?
trachea
pharynx
esophagus
larynd
bronchus

pharynx

The amount of air we breathe in and out with a normal breath is referred to as:
residual volume
tidal volume
essential volume
reserve volume

tidal volume

True/False Cigarette smoking paralyzes the cilia in the respiratory mucosa causing a buildup of mucus that results in "smoker's cough".
True
False

True

All of the following are respiratory organs EXCEPT:
nose
esophagus
trachea
larynx
bronchi

esophagus

Phagocytosis of bacteria is a form of:
specific immunity
non specific immunity

non specific immunity

True/False A spirometer is a special device used to measure the amount of air exchanged in breathing
True
False

True

Immunoglobulins are:
nucleic acids
carbohydrates
lipids
proteins

proteins

The paranasal sinuses include the following EXCEPT:
maxillary
mandibular
ethmoid
sphenoid
frontal

mandibular

Respiratory control centers are located in:
the pituitary gland
medulla and pons of the brain
the occipital cortex of the brain
frontal lobe of the brain

medulla and pons of the brain

A Kupffer cell is a type of
eosinophil
macrophage
lymphocyte
basophil
neutorphil

macrophage

Quiet expiration is
an active process
a passive process

a passive process

The first branches of the respiratory tree to come off the trachea:
respiratory bronchioles
terminal bronchioles
secondary bronchi
primary bronchi

primary bronchi

True/False The pharyngeal tonsils are also called the adenoids

True

What is pneumothorax?
a bacterial infection of the lungs
a presence of air in the intrapleural space
a serious case of turberculosis
hemorrhage of the lungs
none of the above

presence of air in the intrapleural space

The thyroid cartilage is part of the:
pharynx
trachea
larynx
esophagus
none of the above

larynx

Oxygenated blood is found in:
systemic arteries and pulmonary veins
systemic arteries and pulmonary arteries
systemic veins and pulmonary veins
systemic veins and pulmonary arteries

systemic arteries and pulmonary veins

Another name for the nostrils:
alveoli
external nares
bronchioles
stapes
none of the above

external nares

The upper respiratory tract consists of all the following EXCEPT:
nose
pharynx
trachea
larynx

trachea

Breathing is another name for
pulmonary ventilation
cellular respiration

pulmonary ventilation

Which one of the following cells does NOT have a nucleus?
neutrophil
eosinophil
lymphocyte
erythrocyte
monocyte

erythrocyte

Which one of the following is most numerous in a cubic millimeter of blood in a normal and typical individual?
erythrocytes
platelets
leukocytes

erthrocytes

Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart:
pericarditis
myocarditis
endocarditis

endocarditis

All of the following influence blood pressure EXCEPT:
blood volume
strength of atrial contractions
blood viscosity (blood thickness)
resistance to blood flow

strength of atrial contractions

Which one of the following is NOT a muscle of respriation?
diaphragm
internal intercostals
deltoid
external intercostals

deltoid

Pneumonia involves the :
upper respiratory tract
lower respiratory tract

lower respiratory tract

A lack of Vitamin B12 may result in:
hemorrhagic anemia
pernicious anemia
sickle cell anemia
aplastic anemia

pernicious anemia

Myeloid tissue is the same as:
muscle tissue
white bone marrow
red bone marrow
adipose tissue

red bone marrow

A macrophage is a type of:
lymphocyte
plasma cell
phagocyte
platelet
thrombocyte

phagocyte

The mitral valve is also known as the:
tricuspid valve
pumonic valve
right atrioventricular valve
bicuspid valve
aortic valve

bicuspid valve

Which one of the following is NOT a primary cell of the immune system?
neutrophil
erythrocyte
monocyte
T-lymphocyte
macrophage

erythrocyte

The spleen is:
highly vascularized
poorly vascularized

highly vascularized

Serves as a storage pouch for lymph as it moves toward its entry into the venous system
gall bladder
cisterna chyli
crista galli
duodenum
appendix

cisterna chyli

The largest lymphatic vessel in the body:
brachiocephalic trunk
aorta
superior mesenteric duct
thoracic duct
inferior mesenteric duct

thoracic duct

A special x-ray procedure using a dye to illustrate the flow of lymph:
sngiogram
electrocardiogram
electoencephaglogram
lymphangiogram

lymphangiogram

With an infection, you would expect the number of white blood cells to:
increase
decrease
stay the same

increase

When an individual is expposed to a microorganism (for example, the mumps virus) and then develops resistance to future exposures. This is:
natural active immunity
natural passive immunity
artifical active immunity
artificial passive immunity

natural active immunity

The skin and mucosa serve a role in:
specific immunity
nonspecific immunity

nonspecific immunity

Which one of the following is NOT a characteristic sign of inflammation?
heat
pallor
pain
swelling

pallor

Protection received by an infant from the mother's breast milk:
natural active immunity
natural passive immunity
artificial active immunity
artificial passive immunity

natural passive immunity

Lymphatic vessels in the walls of the small intestine:
veins
lacteals
thoracic duct
both a and b
none of the above

lacteals

All of the following are true of antibodies EXCEPT:
are proteins produced by plasma cells
are also called immunoglobulins
are involved in humoral immunity
combine with specific antigens
are produced in the pituitary gland

are produced in the pituitary gland

True/False Knowing the distribution of lymph nodes is important in knowing the possible route of infection or the path that cancer cells may follow as they move through the body

True

True/False Another name for nonspecific immunity is innate immunity

True

True/False The lymphatic system is an important component in maintaining homeostasis

True

Injection of protective antibodies (for example Hepatitis B antibodies for protection against Hepatitis B from a needle stick):
natural active immunity
natural passive immunity
artificial active immunity
artificial passive immunity

artificial passive immunity

Which one of the following is NOT a function of lymph nodes?
defense
white blood cell production
erythropoiesis (red blood cell production)
filtration of lymph

erythropoiesis (red blood cell production)

The spleen is located in:
the lower right quadrant of the abdomen
the lower left quadrant of the abdomen
the upper right quadrant of the abdomen
the upper left quadrant of the abdomen

the upper left quadrant of the abdomen

A Kupffer cell is a type of
eosinophil
macrophage
lymphocyte
basophil
neutophil

macrophage

Lymph flow in the body:
moves only toward the heart
moves only away from the heart
moves both toward and away from the heart

moves only toward the heart

This organ filters the blood protecting the body against foreign organisms and removing old red blood cells.
kidney
thymus
tonsils
spleen duodenum

spleen

A life-threatening hypersensitivity reaction of the immune system
hives
anaphylactic shock
tonsillitis
appendicitis
allergy

anaphylactic shock

Injection of a vaccine (such as the polio vaccine):
natural active immunity
natural passive immunity
artificial active immunity
artificial passive immunity

artificial active immunity

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