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Chapter 14 review

What is pneumothorax?
a bacterial infection of the lungs
a presence of air in the intrapleural space
a serious case of tuberculosis
hemorrhage of the lungs
none of the above

a presence of air in the intrapleural space

Absence of breathing
apnea
hyperpnea
eupnea
hyperventilation
dyspnea

apena

Which of the following is correct?
Both the right and left lungs have two lobes
The right lung has two lobes and the left lung has three lobes
The right lung has three lobes and the left lung has two lobes
Both the right and left lungs have three
None of the above

The right lung has three lobes and the left lung has two lobes

The structure that connects the middle ear and nasopharynx:
fallopian tubes
bronchus
vestibular tube
eustachia tube
none of the above

eustachian tube

All of the following are respiratory organs EXCEPT:
nose
esophagus
trachea
larynx
bronchi

esophagus

Normal inspiration is:
an active process
a passive process

an active process

With inspiration:
the diaphragm contracts and flattens
the diaphragm relaxes and flattens
the diaphragm contracts and raises
the diaphragm relaxes and raises

the diaphragm contracts and flattens

Another name for nostrils:
alveoli
external nares
bronchioles
stapes
none of the above

external nares

Exchange of gases in the respiratory system is
a passive process (diffusion)
an active process

a passive process (diffusion)

Three shelf like structures called conchae protrude into the nasal cavity and function to
produce tears
produce a protective mucous for the nose
warm and moisten the air we breath
absorb the tears that drain from the lacrimal sac

warm and moisten the air we breath

The greatest amount of air that one can breathe out in one expiration
tidal volume
vital capacity
reserve volume
dead space

vital capacity

All of the following are functions of the respiratory system EXCEPT
filters the air we breathe
involved with gas exchange
dries the air we breathe
warms the air we breathe

dries the air we breathe

Which one of the following is a normal range for the rate of respiration in an adult?
4-8 breaths per minute
8-12 breath per minute
12-18 breaths per minute
22-26 breaths per minute

12-18 breaths per minute

True/false The pharyngeal tonsils are also called the adenoids

True

The pharynx is divided into three regions. Which one of the following is located most superiorly?
oropharynx
nasopharynx
laryngopharynx

nasopharynx

True/false Cigarette smoking paralyzes the cilia in the respiratory mucosa causing a buildup of mucus that results in "smoker's cough"

True

The major muscle of respiration
diaphragm
anterior scalene
stenocleidomastoid
rectus abdominus
none of the above

diaphragm

What is the protein that oxygen combines with for transport through the blood?
iron
hemoglobin
immunoglobulin
collagen
both a and c

hemoglobin

True/false A spirometer is a special device used to measure the amount of air exchanged in breathing

True

The function of surfactant is:
to lubricate the bronchi
to humidify the air we breath
to decrease surface tension in the lungs so they can expand
to increase the surface tension in the luns to keep them from collapsing

to decrease surface tension in the lungs so they can expand

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