What is mercantilism?
theory that a nation's economic strength came from keeping a strict control over its colonial trade
The French and Indian War
Britain gained control of North American continent east of Mississippi River and Canada. Tremendous debt and France lost all its N.American territory. Strained relationship between colonists and British
The Quartering Act
Colonists were forced to feed and house British soldiers if necessary. Colonists were angry because they violated their privacy and the security of their homes.
The Stamp Act
a law passed by the British Parliament in 1765 requiring colonists to pay a tax on newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, and playing cards
First Continental Congress
The assembly of colonial delegates from every colony except Georgia that met in 1774 in Philadelphia to oppose the Intolerable Acts.
Second Continental Congress
It met in 1776 and drafted and signed the Declaration of Independence, which justified the Revolutionary War and declared that the colonies should be independent of Britain.
march 5, 1770 a group of colonists prevoked a group of british soldiers in boston, they opened fire, killing five, john adams served as the attorney for the soldiers. paul revere drew a famous cartoon about the insident
Treaty of Versailles
The treaty imposed on Germany by France, Great Britain, the United States, and other Allied Powers after World War I. It demanded that Germany dismantle its military and give up some lands to Poland. It was resented by many Germans.
The Great Compromise
A state's representation in the House of Representation would be based on population; Two senators for each state; all bills would originate in the house; direct taxes on states were to be assessed according to population.
Principle Author of the Declaration of Independence
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that criticized monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain.
The Shot Heard Round The World
the first shot of the revolutionary war
"one person, one vote"
Wesberry v. Sanders
How many supreme court justices
How many florida justices
What is the title of the leader of the senate
Senate majority leader
Terms of office for house of representatives
Terms of office for the senate
Senators for each state
what are the powers of congress
Collect tax, Borrow Money, Regulate Trade, Bankruptcy, Coin Money, Establish post provide military and militia, necessary and proper laws, delare laws
the use of long speeches to prevent the vote on a bill
What is the most powerful position in congress
What is the cabinet
A group of president selected people who head different departments and give him advice on certain issues.
What is the Spoil System
Its when you give jobs to people who are loyal to you.
Which president started spoil system
which president served more than two terms
War Powers Act
Act that grants emergency executive powers to president to run war effort
Head of the Department of Justice
the attorney general
the court where the case is first heard
is a court that hears appeals and reviews from lower courts.
Definition of Apellate
Concerned with or dealing with applications for decisions to be reversed.
Latin term meaning friend of the court
Powers of the executive branch
1. negotiate treaties 2. nominate people for federal office 3. enforce laws 4. conduct wars 5. pardon people
a bill fails to become law because the president did not sign it within ten days before Congress adjourns
Line Item veto
Presidential power to strike, or remove, specific items from a spending bill without vetoing the entire package; declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
What is a Political Action Committee
PAC- a private group that raises and distributes funds for use in election campaigns; the electoral arm of an interest group
The new Deal
The programs and policies to promote economic recovery and social reform introduced during the 1930s by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
The Rule of Four
4 judges must vote yes to for a case to get cert; very, very difficult
Who is John Jay
first chosen cheif justice
Philosophy proposing that judges should interpret the Constitution to reflect current conditions and values.
to refrain from reading into the Constitution things that the Framers never meant