HTN, CHD, MVP, heart murmur, CP, one kidney, hepatomegaly, malignancy, sickle cell, seizure
two minute ortho screening, focuses on alignment, flexibility and proprioception
grade 1 concussion
transient confusion, no LOC, mental status abnormalities of <15 min. May return to sports that day if symptoms resolve in <15 min.
grade 2 concussion
transient confusion. no LOC. mental status abnormalities >15 min. May return to sport after asymptomatic for 1 week.
grade 3 concussion
LOC. may return to sport after asymptomatic for one MONTH. + CT finding should be removed for 1 season. more than 2 = NO MORE SPORTS EVER
second impact syndrome
second brain injury before first has resolved. Can result in massive brain swelling and risk of mortality.
diagnose ONLY after 3 separate elevated BP readings.
mild= not restricted from any sport
severe- restricted until evaluated and treated
-should be well controlled
-immediate access to home BG testing system
-should NOT participate if: retinal hemorrhages, BG <100 or >250
bony anomaly and ligament laxity often seen in down's syndrome where the skull and the first 2 cervical vertebrae articulate. Incident is 10-30%.
mildest form of heat illness. Painful muscle spasms of extremities and abdomen. Thirsty but well orientated. Tx is hydration, rest and activity avoidance x 2 days
most common heat illness. excess sweating and is a reversible condition. Sx include cramps, ha, fatigue, weakness, dizziness. Increase in core temp >38. tx is hydration, rest, with ED monitoring
MEDICAL EMERGENCY. morbidity rates from 17-70%. hyperpyrexia, coma, anhidrosis with core temp>40