Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

page 100 - 110

abrasion

a scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of friction to the area.

abscess

a localized collection of pus in any part of the body.

albino

an indicidual with a marked deficiency of pigment in the eyes, hair, and skin.

alopecia

partial or complete loss of hair. Alopecia may result from the normal aging, a reaction to a medication such as anticancer medications, an endocrine disorder, or some skin disease.

amputation

the surgical removal of a part of the body or limb or a part of a limb; performed to treat recurrent infections or gangrene of a limb.

basal layer

the deepest of the five layers of the epidermis.

blackhead

an open comedo, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum whithin the opening of a hair follicle.

blister

a small thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluid; a vesicle.

boil

a localized pus-producing infection orginating deep in a hair follicle; a furuncle.

bruise

a bluish-black discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of an injury to the area.

bulla

a large blister

carbuncle

a circumscribed inflammation of the skin and deeper tissues that contains pus, which eventually discharges to the skin surface.

cellulitis

a diffuse acute infection of the skin and subcaneous tissue, characterized by localized heat, deep redness, pain, and swelling.

cerumen

ear wax.

ceruminous gland

a modified sweat gland that lubricates the skin of the ear canal with a yellowish-brown waxy substance called cerumen (or ear wax).

cicatrix

a scar; the pale, firm tissue that forms in the healing of a wound.

circumscribed

confined to a limited space or well-defined area (as if a circle were drawn around it).

collagen

the protein substance that forms the glistening inelastic fibers of connective tissue such as tendons, ligaments, and fascia.

comedo

the typical lesion of acne vulgaris, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle (closed comedo= whitehead; open comedo= blackhead).

contusion

an injury to a part of the body without a break in the skin.

corium

the dermis; the layer of the skin just under the epidermis.

cryosurgery

a noninvasive treatment that uses subfreezing temperature to freeze and destroy the tissue. Coolants such as liquid nitrogen are used in the metal probe.

curettage

the process of scraping material from the wall of a cavity or other surgace for the purpose of removing abnormal tissue or unwanted material.

cutaneous membrane

the skin.

cuticle

a fold of skin that covers the root of the fingernail or toenail.

cyanosis

a condition of a bluish discoloration of the skin.

cyst

a closed sac or pouch in or within the skin that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material.

debridement

removal of debris, foreign objects, and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and to promote healing.

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin.

dermatologist

a physician who specializes in the treatment of diseases and disorders of the skin.

dermatology

the study of the skin.

dermis

the layer of skin immediately beneath the epidermis; the corium.

diaphoresis

the secretion of sweat.

ecchymosis

a bluish-black discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of injury to the area; also known as a bruise or a black-and-blue mark.

electrodesiccation

a technique that uses an electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue; used primarily for the removal of surface lesions.

epidermis

the outer most layer of the skin

epidermoid cyst

a cyst filled with cheesy material composed of sebum and epithelial deris that has formed in the duct of a sebaceous gland; also known as a sebaceous cyst.

epithelium

the tissue that covers the internal and external surfaces of the body.

erythema

redness of the skin due to capillary dilatation. An exampleof erythema is nervous blushing or a mild sunburn.

erythremia

an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells; polycythemia vera.

erythroderma

any skin disorder involving abnormal redness

excoriation

an injury to the surface of the skin caused by trauma, such as scratching or abrasions.

exfoliation

peeling or sloughing off of tissue cells, as in peeling of the skin after a severe sunburn.

fissure

a cracklike sore or groove in the skin or mucous membrane.

fistula

an abnormal passageway between two tubular organs (e.g. rectum and vagina) or from an organ to the body surface.

furuncle

a localized pus-producing infection orginating deep in a hair follicle; a boil.

gangrene

death of tissue, most often involving extremeties. Gangrene is usually the result of ischemia (loss of blood supply to an area), bacterial invasion, and subsequent putrefaction (decaying) of the tissue.

hair follicle

the tiny tube within the dermis that contains the root of a hair shaft.

hair root

the portion of a strand of hair that is embedded in the hair follicle.

hair shaft

the visible part of the hair.

hemangioma

a benign (nonmalignant) tumor that consists of a mass of blood vessels and has a reddish-purple color.

heparin

a natural anticoagulant substance produced by the body tissues; heparin is also produced in laboratories for therapeutic use as heparin sodium.

hirsutism

excessive body hair in an adult male distribution pattern, occuring in women.

histamine

a substance (found in all cells) that is released in allergic inflammatory reations.

histiocyte

macrophage; a large phagocytic cell (cell that ingests microorganisms, other cells, and foreign particles) occurring in the walls of blood vessels and loose connective tissue.

hives

circumscribed, slightly elevated lesions of the skin that are paler in the venter than its surrounding edges; see wheal.

hydrocele

a collection of fluid located in the area of the scrotal sac in the male.

ichthyosis

and inherited dermatological condition in which the skin is dry, hyperkeratotic (hardened, and fissured- resembling fish scales.

integument

the skin

integumentary system

the body system consisting of the skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands.

keratin

a hard fibrous protein found in the epidermis, hair, nails, enamel of the teeth, and horns of animals.

keratolytic

an agent used to break down or loosen the horny (hardened) layer of the skin.

laceration

a tear in the skin

lanugo

soft, very fine hair that covers the body of the developing fetus; this hairy coating is almost completely fone by birth.

lesion

any visible damage to the tissues of the skin, such as a wound, sore, rash, or boil.

lipocyte

a fat cell

lunula

the crescent-shaped pale area at the base of the fingernail or toenail.

macrophage

a large phagocytic (cell that ingests microorganisms, other cells and foreign particles) occurring in the walls of blood vessels and loose connective tissue.

macule

a small, flat discoloration of the skin that is neither raised nor depressed.

mast cell

a cell (found within the connective tissue) that contains heparin and histamine; these substances are released from the mast cell in response to injury and infection.

melanin

a black or dark pigment (produced by melanocytes within the epidermis) that contributes color to the skin and helps to filter ultraviolet light.

melanocytes

cells responsible for producing melanin.

nail body

the visible part of the nail.

nodule

a small, circumscribed swelling protruding above the skin.

oil gland

one of the many small glands located in the dermis; its secretions provide oil to the hair and surrounding skin.

onycholysis

separation of a fingernail from its bed, beginning at the free margin this condition is associated with dermatitis of the hand, psoriasis, and fungal infections.

onychomycosis

any fungal infection of the nails.

onychophagia

the habit of biting the nails.

pachyderma

abnormal thickening of the skin.

papule

a small, solid, circumscribed elevation on the skin.

paronychia

inflammation of the fold of skin surrounding the fingernail; also called runaround.

pediculosis

infestation with lice.

perspiration

the clear, watery fluid produced by the sweat glands.

petechia

small, pinpoint hemorrhages of the skin.

pimple

a papule or pustule of the skin.

polyp

a small, stalklike growth that protrudes upward or outward from a mucous membrane surface, resembling a mushroom stalk.

pores

openings of the skin through which substances such as water,salts, and some fatty substances are excreted.

pressure ulcer

an inflammation, sore, or ulcer in the skin over a bony prominence of the body, resulting from loss of blood supply and oxygen to the area due to prolonged pressure on the body part; also known as decubitis ulcer or pressure sore.

pruritus

itching

purpura

a group of bleeding disorders characterized by bleeding into the skin and mucous membranes; small, pinpoint hemorrhages are known as petechia and larger hemorrhagic areas are known as ecchymoses or bruises.

pustule

a small elevation of the skin filled with pus; a small abscess.

scales

thin flakes of hardened epithelium shed from the epidermis

sebaceous cyst

a cyst filled with a cheesy material consisting of sebum and epithelial deris that has formed in the duct of a sebaceous gland; also known as an epidermoid cyst.

sebaceous gland

an oil gland located in the dermis; its secreations provide oil to the hair and surrounding skin.

seborrhea

excessive secreation of sebum, resulting in excessive oiliness or dry scales.

sebum

the oily secretions of the sebaceous glands.

skin tags

a small brownish or flesh-colored outgrowth of skin occurring frequently on the neck; also known as a cuaneous papilloma.

squamous epithelial cells

flat scalelike cells arranged in layers (strata).

squamous epithelium

the single layer of flattened platelike cells that cover internal and external body surfaces.

stratified

layered; arranged in layers.

stratum

a uniformly thick sheet or layer of cells.

stratum basale

the layer of skin where new cells are continually being reproduced, pushing older cells toward the outermost surface of the skin.

stratum corneum

the outermost layer of the epidermis (consisting of dead cells that have converted to keratin), which continually sloughs off or flakes away; known as the keratinized (or "horny") cell layer. (kerat/o = horn)

stretch marks

linear tears in the dermis that result from overstretching from rapid growth. They begin as pinkish-blue streaks with jagged edges and may be accompanied by itching. As they heal and lose their color, they remain as silvery-white scar lines, also known as stria

subcutaneous tissue

the fatty layer of tissue located beneath the dermis

subungual hematoma

a collection of blood beneath a nail bed, usually the result of trauma (injury).

sudoriferous gland

a sweat gland

sweat

the clear, watery fluid produced by the sweat glands; also known as perspiration.

sweat gland

one of the tiny structures within the dermis that produces sweat, which carries waste products to the surface of the skin for excretion; also known as a sudoriferous gland.

telangiectasia

the permanent dialation of groups of superficial capillaries and venules. these dilated vessels may be visable through the skin as tiny red lines. Common causes include but are not limited to rosacea, elevated estrogen levels, and actinic damage.

ulcer

a circumscribed, open sore or lesion of the skin that is accompanied by inflammation.

urticaria

a reaction of the skin in which there is an appearance of smooth slightly elevated patches (wheals) that are redder or paler than the surrounding skin and often accompanied by severe itching (pruritus).

vesicle

a small thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluid; a blister.

vitiligo

a skin disorder characterized by nonpigmented white patches of skin of varying sizes that are surrounded by skin with normal pigmentation.

wheal

a circumscribed, slightly elevated lesion of the skin that is paler in the center than its surrounding edges; hives.

whitehead

a closed comedo caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle; the content within is not easily expressed.

xanthoderma

any yellow coloration of the skin.

xeroderma

a chronic skin condition characterized by roughness and dryness.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set