5 Written questions
5 Multiple choice questions
- Events purposely staged for the media that nonetheless look spontaneous. In keeping with politics as theater, they can be staged by individuals, groups, and government officials, especially presidents.
- Short video clips of approximately 15 seconds; typically all that is shown from a politician's speech or activities on the nightly television news.
- A shot of a person's face talking directly to the camera. Because this is visually unappealing, the major commercial networks rarely show a politician talking one-on-one for very long.
- Newspapers published by massive media conglomerates that account for over four-fifths of the nation's daily newspaper circulation. Often these control broadcast media as well.
- Television and radio, as compared with print media.
5 True/False questions
print media → Newspapers and magazines, as compared with broadcast media.
investigative journalism → The use of in-depth reporting to unearth scandals, scams, and schemes, which at times puts reporters in adversarial relationships with political leaders.
trial balloons → An intentional news leak for the purpose of assessing the political reaction.
policy entrepreneurs → People who invest their political "capital" in an issue. According to John Kingdon, these "could be in or out of government, in elected or appointed positions, in interest groups or research organizations."
mass media → Newspapers and magazines, as compared with broadcast media.