Early Childhood Education

148 terms by kclairebear 

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Teacher

an umbrella term emphasizing what unites us as a group of people working with young children

ECE

has a commitment to working/teaching "The Whole Child"

DAP

What is responsive care and education that is mindful of "The Whole Child"?

Thomas and Chess

Who made the Nine Dimensions of Temperament?

Gardner's Multiple Intelligences

What are these? Musical, bodily-kinesthetic, logical-mathematical, linguistic, spatial, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalist

NAEYC Code of Ethics

What is widely used in early childhood programs today and was first used in 1989 and updated every five years, since

Survival, Consolidation, Renewal, and Maturity

What are the for stages of professional development?

Lilian Katz 1995

Who wrote the four stages of development and in what year?

Survival

What stage of professional development is during the first years, where they apply knowledge they gained in college; where they need advise and support?

Consolidation

What stage of professional development is where they bring together what they know and create a personal approach?

Renewal

What stage of professional development is where they enjoy professional reading, workshops, and contacts

Maturity

What stage of professional development is where they are interested in values, theories, issues, and philosophy underlying their work

to support the learning and development of young children and to care for children when families and adults are working and in training

What are two principle purposes for early childhood education programs?

0-36 months of age (1 & 2 year olds)

How old are infants and toddlers?

3-4 years of age

How old are preschoolers?

5-6 years of age

How old are kindergarteners?

1st-3rd grade; 6,7, & 8 year olds

How old are primary students?

35%

What percent of preschoolers stay with relatives?

22%

What percent of preschoolers stay in non-relative family child care?

49 states

How many states, as of 2007, had standards to promote development and implementation of early learning?

safe, nurturing environment and educational experiences

Centers and Schools have the tough job of providing __________________ to support children't development.

relatives

________ provide childcare to almost half of the 19 million preschoolers.

public

________ facilities are dedicated to the care and education of young children.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

What was passed in 1975 as All Handicapped Children Act?

IDEA

What was created to ensure that children with disabilities have access to a free, appropriate education?

IDEA

What allows children with disabilities to be educated with non-disabled peers to the maximum extent possible

Head Start

What 4 year old program helps children of low income families become educated at an early age?

Early Head Start

What program focuses on birth through 3 year old?

Head Start

What program is federally funded, provides before/after school care while parents are at work, and has served more than 27 million children since 1965?

licensing (annually), quality standards, and program accreditation (voluntary)

What 3 things do states regulate for the Head Start program?

standards

___________ bring greater clarity about what is worth learning and provide educators with useful information on whether it has been learned.

National Association for the Education of Young Children

What does NAEYC stand for?

NAEYC

_________ has an accreditation program that identifies quality centers that surpass standards required by licensing regulations.

social, emotional, and cognitive development

What 3 things are gained from high quality early childhood education programs?

The Standards Movement

What grew out of 1983 publication of "Nation at Risk"?

Trilemma

_________ refers to the interrelationship between: need for quality programs to support children's development, adequate compensation for the staff, and affordable for families

quality, compensation, and affordability

What is the QCA Trilemma?

values, potential, well being, and interests of human beings

What are the 4 humanistic traditions?

Middle Ages

During what time did the church influence St. Francis, care for the poor, and care for children?

Robert Owen

Who believed that: children should have choices, teachers should be caring, and play is a valuable learning tool

John Dewey, Lucy Sprague Mitchell, Harriet Johnson, and Caroline Pratt

Who used progressive education to improve society through schooling, help all reach potential, and prepare citizens for democratic society?

Margaret and Rachel McMillan

Who used the nursery school for nurturing and loving care, health and safety, to support working parents, and to model how to work with young children?

Friedrich Froebel

Who had the first kindergarten in Germany in 1837?

Maria Montessori

Who did the Montessori Method belong to?

Rudolf Steiner

Who did the Waldorf Education belong to?

Loris Malaguzzi

Who did the Reggio Emilia belong to?

Montessori

What program had these goals: psychological health of child, develop independence and productivity, and preserve dignity of child

Waldorf Education

What program had these goals: to build a free, equal, and collaborative society; to build free human beings with purpose and direction; mind, body, and spirit development

Regio Emilia

What program had these goals: learn through working together in a community; develop child's potential; develop symbolic languages; ensure child is visible to community and society

The Nursery School

health and development of the child

The Day Nursery

care for children while families worked

Plato, Aristotle and Quintillian

Whose idea was it that play is a valuable tool for learning, that education should begin with the young child, and that development of both mind and body are important?

Martin Luther

Whose idea was it that education should be for all children (universal education); believed that all aspects of development are important; believed that individual literacy was important?

Comenius

Who believed that the period from birth to age 6 is of the highest importance; believed that language is the foundation for later learning; believed that learning should be personal and meaningful?

Comenius

Who showed the importance of the use of picture books and toys (puzzles, blocks) to back up his ideas?

John Locke

Whose idea was it that the child is a blank slate, believed that all aspects of development are important, and believes that knowledge is received through the senses?

John Locke

Who used playful teaching and focused on the child in education to impact kids?

Jean Jacques Rousseau

Who believed that children learn through play, free of adult interference; believed in developmental stages; believed that the child is inherently good?

Jean Jacques Rousseau

Who focused on direct experience and belief in free play to impact kids?

John Pestalozzi

Who believed that the first year of life was the most important; believed that education should be adapted to each child's interests, abilities, and stage of development; believed that all children have a right to education and can profit from it?

John Pestalozzi

Who focused on sensory exploration and allowing self-paced learning to impact kids?

Frederic Froebel

Whose idea was modern-day kindergarten and training young women to become kindergarten teachers?

Forms of life, mathematics, and beauty

What are Froebel's 3 forms of knowledge?

Frederic Froebel

Who gave children special materials (gifts) and activities-using them as tools for children's learning and to encourage discovery and manipulation?

John Dewey

Who believed in progressive education; reaction against traditional forms of public schooling?

John Dewey

Who believed in greater freedom and spontaneity in play and involvement of children in the social life of the classroom?

Developmental Interaction Approach (Bank Street)

social studies learning trips that form the core of the curriculum; founders believe the classroom must allow children to participate in a social experiment that reflects life in a democratic community

Howard Gardner

Who wrote the Multiple Intelligence theory?

Multiple Intelligence

What theory states that not only do human beings have several different ways of learning and processing information, but these methods are relatively independent of one another?

Linguistic, musical, logic-mathematical, spatial, bodily/kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic

What are Gardner's 8 multiple intelligences?

Bank Street College

the teacher training institute

(DIA) Bank Street

developed today's wooden block units

(DIA) Bank Street

emphasized the development of the "whole child" and interactions

Developmental Interaction Approach

where children are allowed to make choices about their own learning; importance on child functioning as a member of the group

Multiple Intelligence

when teachers teach in different intelligences so that each student can learn in different ways

1983

When was Gardner's theory, Multiple Intelligence, developed?

Scranton, PA 1943

When and where was Gardner born?

Lawrence Kohlberg

Who developed the Moral Development Theory?

Moral Development Theory

explained as reasoning which is the basis for ethical behavior and includes 6 identifiable stages

Moral Development Theory

When you read a book with moral conflict and see how students respond in the situation

Kohlberg

Who was once a professor at Harvard University?

Jean Piaget

Who developed the Theory of Cognitive Development?

Theory of Cognitive Development

What theory is a comprehensive theory about the nature and development of human intelligence?

schemas, processes, stages of development

What 3 basic components are part of Piaget's theory of cognitive development?

High/Scope goals

to dissolve the effects of poverty on children't dev.; environment set up to encourage learning experiences; attention given to providing materials to enhance learning; plan-do-review

sensorimotor (0-2 yrs)

What stage does object permanence go with?

pre-operational (2-7 yrs)

What stage does egocentrism go with?

concrete operational (7-11 yrs)

What stage does conservation go with?

formal operational (11+years)

What stage does manipulating ideas in head and abstract reasoning go with?

theory of cognitive development

when a teacher assigns students a partner to learn about a certain subject and how to work in a cooperative group

Schema

the way of organizing knowledge

Equilibrium

the state of mental balance

assimilation

using an existing schema to deal with a new object or situation

accommodation

when existing schema (knowledge) does not work, and needs to be changed to deal with a new object or situation

Piaget

Who believed infants were born with some innate schemas; ex: sucking thumb

Urie Bronfenbrenner

Who developed the Ecological Systems Theory?

Ecological Systems Theory

What theory explains how everything in a child and the child's environment affects how a child grows and develops?

Ecological Systems Theory

What theory can you use this activity for? - Parent/guardian interaction with the child; ex: family literacy kit

Microsystem

the setting in which an individual lives (ex: family, peers, school, neighborhood)

mesosystem

relations to family experience to school experiences, school to church, family to peers, etc.

exosystem

experiences in a social setting in which an individual does not have an active role but which never the less influence experience in an immediate context

macrosystem

attitudes/ideologies of the culture in which individuals live

chronosystem

the patterning of environmental events and transitions over the life course

Bronfenbrenner

Who was the co-founder of Head Start?

Bronfenbrenner

Who wrote The Ecology of Human Development (book)?

Erik Erikson

Who developed the Theory of Psychosocial Development?

Theory of Psychosocial Development

What theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan?

identity crisis

confusion about one's social role and often a sense of loss of continuity to one's personality

the new ego

Erikson believed that this was a positive driving force in human development and personality; main job was to establish and maintain a sense of identity

Erikson

was trained in psychoanalysis at the Vienna Psychoanalytic institute and studied the Montessori method of education

Trust vs. Mistrust

Which stage of psychosocial development is between birth and 1 year (feeding)

Antonomy vs. shame and doubt

Which stage of psychosocial development is during early childhood (potty training)

Initiative vs. Guilt

Which stage of psychosocial development is during preschool (exploration)

Industry vs. Inferiority

Which stage of psychosocial development is during age 5-11 (school)

Identity vs. confusion

Which stage of psychosocial development is during adolescence (social relationships)

Intimacy vs. Isolation

Which stage of psychosocial development is during early adulthood (relationships)

Generativity vs. Stagnation

Which stage of psychosocial development is during adulthood (work and parenthood)

Integrity vs. Despair

Which stage of psychosocial development is during old age (reflection on life)

Vygotsky

Who developed the Social Development Theory?

Social Development Theory

What theory suggests that social interaction leads to continuous step-by-step changes in children's thought and behavior that can vary from culture to culture?

Zone of Proximal Development

What is the difference between the actual development level and the potential development level that can be reached with guidance?

Scaffolding

What is a teaching strategy in which: teacher identifies what child already knows, teaches something new to add, and relates it back to prior knowledge?

Vygotsky

Who believes that language plays a central role in mental development?

Abraham Maslow

Who developed the Hierarchy of Needs theory?

Hierarchy of Needs

What theory has a pyramid depicting the levels of human needs, psychological and physical

Maslow

Who worked with Harry Harlow (famous for working with baby monkeys and attachment behavior)?

Arnold Gesell

Who developed the Maturational Theory?

Maturational Theory

What theory postulates that genetic differences determine the rate at which children attain the growth and maturation necessary for learning skills and concepts?

Maturational Theory

What theory is this an example of? - One kid in the class can add numbers before another kid in the class can.

Differential Instruction

a strategy in which teacher tailors learning activities to the needs of each child

Readiness

a period of development in which a specific skill or response is most likely to occur

Inherited Characteristics

goal of quality educational program: to offer a variety of learning activities to address children's interests and learning preferences and adjustments are made constantly to meet individual needs

basic needs

to ensure that basic physiological needs are met; warm physical contact, safe environment, nutritious and regular meals, physical activity, rest

temperament

an observable, biologically based pattern of behavior and emotions, a characteristic way of experiencing and interacting with the world

activity level

the proportion of inactive periods to active ones

rhythmicity

the regularity of cycles of hunger, excretion, sleep, and wakefulness

approach/withdrawal

the new response to a new object or person

adaptability

the ease with which a child adapts to the environment

attention span and persistence

the amount of time devoted to an activity and the effect of distraction

intensity of reaction

the energy of response regardless of its quality or direction

threshold of responsiveness

the intensity of stimulation required to evoke a response

quality of mood

the amount of friendly, pleasant, joyful behavior as contrasted with unpleasant, unfriendly behavior

a resilient child

positive disposition; long-term, trusting relationship with a caring adult; sense of control; persistent; identifies strengths and uses them; sense of humor and playfulness

cognitive, physical, social, and emotional development

What are the 4 domains of child development where the child develops as a whole?

physical development

What development takes place from the head down to the feet (cephalocaudal pattern) and from the center out towards the limbs (proximodistal pattern)

Cephalocaudal pattern

when physical development takes place form the head down to the feet

proximodistal pattern

when physical development progresses from the center out towards the limbs

Culture affects development

What development does this example go with? -grow up with pool, learn how to swim sooner than others

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