Name 3 examples of myths or proposals concerning flight before the invention of the hot air ballon.
The myth of Daedalusand Icarus; Leonardo da Vinci's ornithopter; Francesco de Lana's copper-sphere aerial ship proposal
What form of aviation was invented by Joseph and Etienne Montgolfier?
Lighter-than-air or hot air ballon
Why did the Montgolfier brother choose hot air instead of hydrogen for their balloons?
The cost of obtaining hydrogen prompted them to continue using hot air
What was the principle reason for using Charles Green's dragline? And how did it work?
To slow accent and decent rates by reducing weight on decent and increasing weight on accent.
In what ways did the Montgolfier brothers and J.A.C Chareles finance their baloon experiments?
Advance ticket sales, grants, and private funding.
What were the military applications or uses of ballons?
Reconnaissance, Artillery Spotting, Bombing, Observation
Who was the Brazilian aviation pioneer who built and flew dirigibles and an airplane?
What 2 ancient technologies later had an influence on aviation? (heavier than air)
The kite and the windmill.
Who was the first to aeronautically identify the basic form and elements of a modern airplane?
Sir George Cayley
This German engineer experimented with fixed wing gliders, published his technical notes, and logged almost 2,000 flights. Who was it?
In what ways did the Wrights' bicycle business help their aviation ventures?
It supplied: funds, wood & metal-working tools and skills, cycle technology such as chain drives, knowledge and experience with balance and control, awareness that a pilot must learn to fly through experience, and a consciousness of weight
What distinguishes the Wrights' flights of 17 December 1903 from earlier heavier-than-air flights?
It was manned, powered, controlled and sustained.
What was an airplane, as defined by the Wright patent of 1906?
a heavier-than-air, aerodynamic flying machine, either glider or airplane
Who was the first passenger to fly on an airplane and when was the flight?
Charlie Furnas, 14 May 1908
Orville Wright won the 1913 Collier Trophy for what achievement in aeronautics?
For the AUTOMATIC STABILIZER
Why were Eurpeans skeptical of the Wright Brothers' successful flights in 1903?
After Chanutes 1903 aviation lecture in Paris, various French inventors tried and failed to reproduce the Wright Brothers flying success.
Why was Henry Farmans flight around a circular track important?
It showed the airplane could turn instead of only going straight.
What were The Short brothers known for?
First to produce airplanes in a series, first manufacturer in Britain, built Wright brothers aircraft under license
What kinds of airplanes did Glen Curtiss build?
Mostly pusher airplanes, also hydroplanes and flying boats.
Why did National Flying Clubs form?
To oversee flying clubs, validate records, issue international pilot licenses.
What was Glen Curtiss's position regarding the Wrights' Patent for a flying machine?
Curtiss argued that the aileron system differed in a major way from the Wrights control system: Ailerons were operated independently of the rudder as apposed to the Wrights simultaneously controlled wingwarping and rudder. Also claimed that ailerons were supplementary surfaces separate from the wing and that they added strength to the wing since they didnt require the wing to flex.
What animals did the Montgolfier brothers ascend on 19 September 1783 before King Louis XVI at Versailees?
A sheep, a duck, and a rooster.
When was the first manned free flight of a balloon and who was it?
21 November 1783 and Jean-Francois Pilatre de Rozier and Francois Laurent