Powerful German State
Otto von Bismarck
Prussian leader of German unification/nationalism movement
Prussian, conservative, land-owning class
Prussian economic union, removed tariff barriers between German states, in step toward political unity
"realistic politics," practical politics, ends justified the means, power more important than principles
Policy of Blood and Iron
Bismarck's plan for unification, wars and militarism (industrialism)
provinces of Denmark many German speaking people, "libertated" by the alliance of Prussia and Austria
glorification of war and military
War With Austria
Bismarck attacked Austria, 7 week war, Prussia has control over both Schleswig & Holstein, and several Northern German states
Franco- Prussian War
bismarck rallies german against napoleon iii when he opposes a prusian king on the spanish throne, france bot prepared for war, prussian victory in a few weeks
Telegram that was edited (re-worded) by Bismarck that was insulting to the French ambassador, leads to declaration of war
united Germany, heir to the holy roman empire that was abolished by Napoleon in 1806
Kaiser Wilhelm I
emperor of Germany during WWI, symbol to the US of German militarism and severe efficiency, emperor of united Germany allowed Bismarck to make many decisions
upper house of German legislature, members appointed, had veto power
Kaiser Wilhelm II
grandson of I, will ask Bismark to resign in 1890
lower house, members elected by universal male suffrage
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