AP Human Geography Chapter 3 Vocab

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remittances

money migrant send back to family and friends in their home coutnries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy in many poorer coutnries

cyclic movements

Movement - for example, nomadic migration - that has closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally

activity spaces

the space within which daily activity occurs

nomadism

movement among a definite set of places. Ex of cyclic movement.

periodic movements

Movement - for example, college attendance or military service - that involves temporary, recurrent relocation

migrant labor

a common type of periodic movemetn involving millions of worker in the US and tens of millions of workers worldwide who cross internationl borders in search of employment and become immigrants, in many instances

transhumance

a seasonal periodic movement of pastorarists and their livestock between highland and lowland

military service

another common form of periodic movement involving as many as 10 million US citizens in a given year, including military personnel and their families, who are moved to new locations where they will spend tours of duty lasting up to several years

migration

a change in residence intended to be permanent

international migration

human movement involving movement across international boundaries

internal migration

human movement within a nation-state, such as going westward and southward movements in the US

forced migration

human migration flows in which the movers have not choice but to relocate

voluntary migration

movement in which people relocate in response to perceived opportunity; not forced.

laws of migration

developed by British demographer Ernst Ravenstein, 5 laws that predict the flow of migrants

gravity model

a mathmatical prediction of the interation of places, the interation being a function of population size of the respective places and the distance between them

push factors

negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their adobe and migrate to a new location

pull factors

positive conditions and perceptions that induce people to new locations from other areas

distance decay

the effects of distance on interactions, generally greater the distance the less interaction

step migration

migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to a town and city

intervening opportunity

The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away.

kinship links

types of push or pull factors that influence a migrant's decision to go where family or friends have already found success

chain migration

pattern of migration that develops when migrants move along and through kinship links

immigration wave

Phenomenon whereby different patterns of chain migration build upon one another to create a swell in migration from one origin to the same destination.

explorers

a person examining a region that is unknown to them

colonization

physical process whereby the colonizer takes over another place, putting its own government in charge and either moving its own people into the place or bringing in indentured outsiders to gain control of the people and the land

islands of development

Place built up by a government or corporation to attract foreign investment and which has relatively high concentrations of paying jobs and infrastructure

guest workers

legal immigrant who has work visa, usually short term

refugees

people who have fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country

internal refugees

people who have been displaced within their own countries and do not cross international borders as they flee

international refugees

refugees who have crossed one or more international boundaries during their dislocation, searching for asylum in a different country

asylum

shelter and protection in one state for refugees from another country

immigration laws

laws and regulations of a state designed specifically to control immigration into the state

quotas

established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year

selective immigration

process to control immigration in which individuals with certain backgrounds are barred from immigrating

migration

the movement of persons from one country or locality to another

immigration

migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there)

emgration

Movement of individuals out of a population

voluntary migration

movement in which people relocate in response to perceived opportunity; not forced.

population transfer

transferring, switching or removing groups to another region or nation

transmigration

the relocation of people away from overpopulated core regions to less crowded areas. (Indonesia has a policy of moving people away from Java.)

refugee

a person who has to leave his or her country to find safety.

taliban

a group of fundamentalist Muslims who took control of Afghanistan's government in 1996

intercontinental

Permanent movement from one country to a different country on the same continent.

interregional migration

Permanent movement from one region of a country to another.

rual-urban

Most popular form of intraregional migration.

place utilty

the value added by having a product where a customer can buy it

personal space

The buffer zone we like to maintain around our bodies

space time prism

The set of all points that can be reached by an individual given a maximum possible speed from a starting point in space-time and an ending point in space-time.

gravity model

A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.

distance decay

the effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction

step migration

migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to a town and city

migration ladder

were migration grow and cause change in population to grow

cyclic movement

movement that has a closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally

migratory movement

movement that consists of one person migrating from one place to another

perodic movement

longer period away from home--temporary.

transhumance

The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.

internal migration

Permanent movement within a particular country.

international migration

Permanent movement from one country to another.

remittance

money sent in payment

pastorlisum

procces of fallowing caddle

migrant labor

a common type of periodic movemetn involving millions of worker in the US and tens of millions of workers worldwide who cross internationl borders in search of employment and become immigrants, in many instances

maquiladoras

The term given to zones in northern Mexico with factories supplying manufactured goods to the U.S. market. The low-wage workers in the primarily foreign-owned factories assemble imported components and/or raw materials and then export finished goods.

bracero

a Mexican laborer who worked in the United States on farms and railroads in order to ease labor shortages during World War II

deportation

the act of expelling a person from their native land

explores

to investigate for the purpose of discovery: Thoreau explores the possibility that solitude breeds contentment.

colonization

physical process whereby the colonizer takes over another place, putting its own government in charge and either moving its own people into the place or bringing in indentured outsiders to gain control of the people and the land

island of development

Place built up by a government or corporation to attract foreign investment and which has relatively high concentrations of paying jobs and infrastructure.

geust workers

workers that visit other countrys for a job

visa

a geust worker card

idp

a person that doesent fit in own socity

asylum

were refugge for protection

imggration law

were there are laws that prevent people from imgrationg

terrorist

a radical who employs terror as a political weapon

quotas

established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year

flood plain

the flat, wide area of land along a river

snow belt

In 1940, 60% of Americans lived in the SNOWBELT; by 2000, 60% of Americans lived in the SUNBELT. This transformation, largely caused by migration, greatly impacted American politics. Until recently, the last SNOWBELT president was elected in 1960-all since have been from the SUNBELT.

sun belt

The warm and sunny part of the states that stretch from California to Florida

anchor baby

were couples come to the us have a kid and home country doesent want the kid

urbnisation

were people move to the city

melting pot

the mixing of cultures, ideas, and peoples that has changed the American nation. The United States, with its history of immigration, has often been called a melting pot.

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