5) Sociology uses which of the following as part of its scientific approach to interpret social
B) Systematic observations
7) Which of the following, according to John Locke, plays an essential role in people joining
together in a society?
B) Social contracts
8) Which two themes came together in the work of Thomas Jefferson?
A) Individual liberty and that society removes freedom
10) Which definition does the text use to describe modernism?
C) The belief in evolutionary progress, through the application of science
6) What was an outcome of the Enlightenment?
A) Use of reason to understand the relationship of the individual and society.
11) Which of the following is NOT one of the stages that Comte believed each society passes
14) Marx believes that the best economic system is one that has collective ownership of all
property. Which economic system best fits what Marx supports?
16) What central insight was illustrated in Emile Durkheimȇs study of suicide?
A) Society is held together by solidarity?
17) According to Durkheim which form of solidarity shares a common culture and sense of
18) According to Durkheim which form of solidarity exists when people are interdependent, share
less obvious common values, have diverse and conflicting interests, and a more complex
division of labor?
19) Which book is considered to be Max Weberȇs most famous work?
B) The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
20) Which best describes the concept social telesis?
A) Those who ruled deserved to do so because they had adapted best to social conditions.
21) Which is true about the classical canon of sociology according to your text?
B) It consists entirely of white men.
22) Which best describes symbolic interactionism?
A) An individualȇs interactions with his or her environment help a person develop a sense
25) A coherent model of how society works and how individuals are socialized into their roles
within it is called?
B) A paradigm
24) Jane believes that social life consists of several distinct integrated levels that enable the world
to find stability, order, and meaning. Janeȇs belief is an example of which theory?
A) Structural Functionalism
26) Which sociological theorist was a central figure of structural-functionalist analysis?
D) Talcott Parsons
27) What ,according to Robert K. Merton, can the functions of any institution or interaction be?
A) Either manifest or latent
28) Which theory suggests that the dynamics of society, both of social order and social resistance,
were the result of conflict among different groups?
C) Conflict theory
29) Globalization focuses on which level analysis when examining institutional processes?
B) Macrolevel analysis
31) What is the process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and
governments of different nations known as?
32) George Ritzer coined what term for the increasing homogenity around the world?
33) Which political scientist stated that our world is characterized by both "McWorld" and "Jihad"?
D) Benjamin Barber
34) What is the suggestion that postmodernism makes about the world we live in?
C) The meaning of social life may not be found in conforming to rigid patterns of
development but rather in the creative assembling of interactions and interpretations that
enable us to negotiate our world.
35) The percentages of nonwhites and non-males within the field of sociology over the last 50
years has seen what change?
B) An increase
12) Simmel believed the special task of sociology was to study the ________ of social interaction
apart from their content.
13) ________ is a personȇs notion of the common values, norms, and expectations of other people
in a society.
B) The generalized other
15) ________ examines how an individual's interactions with his or her environment--other
people, institutions, ideas--help a person develop a sense of self
D) Symbolic Interactionism
18) The United States, according to a conflict theorist, is a society based on structural ________.
19) Nations that are interconnected through economic, political, cultural and social means
bringing together different groups of people all over the world are an example of ________.
24) ________ suggests that the meaning of social life may not be found in conforming to rigid
patterns of development but rather in the creative assembling of interactions and
interpretations that enable us to negotiate our way in the world.