Sports Psych 2
|Psychological Core||the most basic and deepest attitudes, values, interest, motives, and self worth of a person - the "real person"|
|Typical Responses||how someone typically responds to the environment. Based on values of psychological core.|
|Role Related Behavior||how one acts in a particular social situation. Behavior changes as your perceptions of the environment change.|
|Psychodynamic Approach||behavior is determined by unconscious constantly changing factors that are in conflict with each other. Emphasis on understanding a person as a whole rather the identifying isolated characteristics|
|Trait approach||behavior is determined by relatively stable traits. Personality traits are consistent in a variety of situations.|
|Situational approach||behavior determined by situation or environment. Situation is more important at determinant then personality traits. ex: introvert being assertive during a mugging or football player being violent when he is not.|
|interactional approach||behavior determined by both person and the situational factors as well by interactions. How a person responds depends on environment and psychological traits. ex: hostile person at a football game will not be hostile in front of his mom but will in front of his friends.|
|phenomenological approach||behavior determined by accounting for situational and personal characteristics. Their outlook on themselves will be in direct relation with how they act.|
|Big five model #1|| neuroticism vs. emotional stability |
nervous, depressed, anxiety vs. emotional stability
|Big five model #2|| extroversion vs. introversion |
sociable vs. introvert
|Big five model #3||openness to experience- curiosity, need for variety|
|Big five model #4||agreeableness - amiability, modesty|
|Big five model #5||Conscientiousness - achievement striving, self discipline|
|Perfectionism||personality style characterized by setting high standards standards, striving for flawlessness, and being overly critical. Leads to both good and bad consequences.|
|Research on Psychodynamic approach|| impact: little influence, hasn't been adopted|
weakness: focuses on internal determinants not on environment.
contribution: awareness of unconscious determinants.
|Research on Trait Approach|| impact: little influence|
weakness: traits will not always help predict behavior in certain situations.
contribution: emphasizes importance of traits.
|Research on Situational Approach|| impact: little influence |
weakness: situation will not always influence ones behavior.
contribution: emphasizes importance of situation
|Research on Interactional Approach|| impact: considerable influence. Has been adopted by modern sport psychologist. |
contribution: emphasizes consideration of both traits and situation = behavior
|Research on Phenomenological Approach|| impact: considerable influence. Has been adopted by contemporary sport psychologist.|
contribution: emphasizes how a person sees themselves and the environment = behavior
|Measuring Personality: 2 types||situation-specific and general|
|What way of Measuring Personality is more accurate?||situation-specific|
|Situation-specific and general both consider||personality, and specific situation (interactional approach)|
|Most effect way to compare test results?||with a person's own previous test scores... rather then a group of norms.|
|Projective test..||are interesting but difficult to score.|