INT 310 Egypt, Greece, Rome

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Interior Design 310

Roman Furnishings

Solium
Cathedra
Sella
Subsella
Curule
Lectus
Lulcrum
Mensa
Monopodium

SOLIUM

Roman throne

ROMAN CATHEDRA

Klismos-type chair, made of wicker

SELLA

Roman chair

SUBSELLA

Roman Stool

ROMAN CURULE, SELLA CURULIS

Folding X-form Stool

LECTUS

Bedstead, banqueting couch, funeral bier developed in Ancient Rome

FULCRUM

Decorative support for pillow at end of lectus

MENSA

Roman table

MONOPODIUM

Vertical support with single head/foot, head and chest of lion attached to a paw

Roman Materials

Stucco (plasterwork), mural paintings on plaster, mosiacs

TROMPE L'OEIL

Technique used to "fool the eye" by creating an optical illusion in paint, mosaic, stucco, wood, etc.

Characteristic of Roman design

Roman Motifs

Cupid, Cherub, or Putto
Lyre or Harp
Swag
Bellflower or Husk
Rinceau
Acanthus leafage
Rosettes
Mosiacs

Terms Associated with Roman Architecture

Masonry load bearing wall
Atrium
Peristyle
Impluvium
Compluvium

PERISTYLE

Row of columns surrounding a temple, building or courtyard

IMPLUVIUM

Pool, or shallow cistern in floor of atrium used to catch rainwater from the opening in the roof (compluvium)

SWAG MOTIF

curving form suspended between two points, composed of flowers, fruit, or folliage and tied with ribbons, similar to garland

LYRE, OR HARP MOTIF

Motif derived from a Greek musical instrument composed of two curving forms with strings between them

Greek Furnishings

Thornos, Klismos, Diphros, Diphros Okladias, Kline, Trapeza, Kibotos, Tripod

Terms Associated with Greek Furnishings

Articulated Joint, Mortise-and-Tenon Construction, Saber Leg, Crest Rail, Splat, Fielded Panel

The "Orders" of Greek Architecture, Definition

a trabeated system of architecture based upon the post (vertical) and beam (horizontal)

DORIC ORDER

Masculine type of Greek column
Characteristics include: Triglyph, Metope, Guttae, Fluting

IONIC ORDER

Feminine, more slender Greek Column
Characteristics include a volute or scroll on capital

CORNITHIAN ORDER

Characteristics include carving derived from the acanthus leaf on capital

THORNOS

Greek throne

KLISMOS

simple and light chair developed in Ancient Greece, S-shape form, no stretchers (made possible by articulated joints), ergonomically designed

DIPHROS DIPHROI

Stationary stool developed in Ancient Greece

DIPHROS OKLADIS

Folding stool developed in Ancient Greece

KLINE

Bedstead, banqueting couch, funeral bier developed in Ancient Greece

TRAPEZA

Three-legged, wedge shaped table with stretchers

KIBOTOS

Greek chest

TRIPOD

three-legged table or stand

ARTICULATED JOINT

exaggerated joint

MORTISE-AND-TENON

method of Greek furniture construction where a projection fits into a slot or hole, sometimes secured with glue or an additional pin/peg

SABER LEG

outward curving leg on Greek Klismos chair, modeled after sword

CREST RAIL

Curved headrest of Klismos chair

SPLAT

vertical piece that runs down the center of a chair back

FIELDED PANEL

rejects out from surface that its placed on

FLUTES

Concave gouged out vertical lines

TRIGLYPH

block with three vertical divisions in a Doric Frieze

METOPE

flat slabs recessed between triglyphs in a Doric Frieze, usually decorated with paintings or sculpture

GUTTAE

pegs in the ends of the beams, part of Doric column

VOLUTE

Scroll on capital, characteristic of Ionic order

Reeding

Convex

Greek Borders, Moldings, Motifs

Acanthus leaf
Maeander, Fret, or Key
Guilloche
Wave or Scroll
Palmette-and-anthemion
Reeding

Masonry Load Bearing Wall

....something in Roman construction?

Bellflower or Husk Motif

Roman motif

Cupid, Cherub, or Putto Motif

Roman motif,

Standardized Parts of the Greek Orders

Pediment
Entablature
Column
Pedestal

PEDIMENT

Triangular element signifying end of peaked roof, often filled with sculpture,
Greek order

ENTABLATURE

Horizontal element of Greek Order, consisting of a cornice, frieze, and architrave

DIPHROS

Rectangular stool developed in Ancient Greece, with four turned legs and a seat of woven leather or plant thongs, sometimes topped with a cushion

COLUMN

Vertical post of consisting of a capital, shaft, and base

PEDESTAL

Part of Greek order that supports the column, consists of a capital, shaft, and base

CORNICE

decorative horizontal molding

FRIEZE

below the cornice, often embellished with sculpture

ARCHITRAVE OR LINTEL

below the frieze

Capital

...

Shaft

...

Base

...

Characteristics of the Greek Klismos

Crest rail
Back splat
Fielded Panels
Saber Leg
Articulated Joints

ATRIUM

Large open space glassed or with skylights, plants and greenery
Common in Roman architecture

Egyptian Materials

Alabaster (stone)
Faience (paste)
Metal Foil
Wood Veneer

SPHINX

Egyptian mythological creature with man or woman's head and body of a lion

Pharaoh

...

Nemset Headdress

...

OBELISK

Egyptian monolithic pillar tapering to a pyramid-shaped point

MONOLITH

made from one stone, Egyptian term

Hieroglyphs

...

PYLON

monumental gateway shaped like a truncated pyramid found in Egyptian architecture

CORNICE (EGYPT)

in Egyptian architecture, crowns the architrave. most common: Cavetto

HYPOSTYLE HALL

in Egyptian temples, a covered area or space filled with numerous tightly clustered columns

Grille

...

Egyptian Motifs/Borders

Palmette
Papyrus
Lotus

Egyptian Architectural Features

Campaniform Column
Bell Shaped/Bud Shaped Capital
Clerestory windows with stone grilles

MURAL

...

BAS-RELIEF CARVING

Egyptian drawings that dont show perspective because they didnt know how yet

LATTICE

Open-work grille, characteristic of Egyptian architecture

GILT

Thin gold leaf

BEADED CYLINDER FOOT

...

EGYPTIAN BEDSTEAD

...

EGYPTIAN FUNERAL BIER

...

EGYPTIAN HEAD REST

...

ACANTHUS LEAFAGE WITH ROSETTES Roman Motif

Roman Motif

Mosiac with Guilloche border
Paired "C" Curves
Candelabrum Form

Roman Lighting Devices

Roman Motif

Vase, Putti, Rosettes, Acanthus leafage

Rinceau from Italy

Greek Wave/Scroll Motif

Anthemion/Palmette/Honeysuckle
Greek Motif

Guilloche
Greek Motif

Fret, Meander, Key
Greek Motif

Palmette, Egg and Dart
Greek Motif

Spirals with Rosettes
Egyptian Motif

Lotus and Papyrus
Egyptian Motif

Fret with Rosettes
Egyptian Motif

Egyptian Lighting Device

Lotus Motif
Made from Alabaster

Amon Ra Plan, Egypt

Egypt Plan

Tomb of Queen Nef., Egypt

Greek Lighting Devices

Parthenon, Greece

Greek Farmhouse

Parthenon, Greece

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