Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Valley of Mexico

where the Aztecs first lived

Tenochtitlen

was the capital for Aztecs 400 years ago and means Prickly Pear

Legend of Tenochtitlen

One of the gods said to build a city on the spot where they see an eagle sitting on a cactis with a serpent in it's talons

Chinammpas

floating gardens

Empire

a large area of different people controlled by one ruler or government

Soldiers

Aztec boys trained to become these

Jaguar, Eagle and Knight

leaders of the Aztec Army

Human Sacrifice

a person killed during regions ceremonies

Religion

War was part of the Aztecs

sun

Aztecs believed that gods needed to be fed all the time, if they were not the gods grew weak and this would not shine and the crops would not grow.

Aztecs

They were artists, crafters, Traders and priests

Aztecs

They built roads bridges and cities

Incas

lived in the Andes Mountains in South America

Cuzco

The capital of Incas in Southern Peru

Inca Empire

This stretched from Ecuador to Chile

Packakuti

Was the 9th Inca ruler and a strong military leader and administrator

Inti

Incas worshiped him "Son God"

Incas

Great road builders, they had paved roads

Inca runners

passed along messages to all parts of the Empire

Inca farmers

Grew potatoes, tomatoes, corn, beans and peppers

Terrace

A type of farming which was done on side of mountains

Canals

used for irrigation

Government Storehouse

Surples of food kept here

Inca Artisans

Created crafts, textiles gold and silver jewlery

Quipu

Incas recorded information with knotted colored string

1,572 AD

When the Inca Empire ended

Civil War

Why the Inca Empire ended

Mesoamerians

Aztecs, Maya's and Inca's are called this

Farming

The reason why the 3 great cicilizations developed

Maya Civilization

This stretched from highlands of modern-day Guatemala to coastal plains of Pacific Coast to tropical Peninsula rainforests.

Maya Cities

These have busting markeplace, open air plazas, one huge pyramid, large temple and ball court

Tikal and Copan

2 largest Mayan cities

Mayan Priests

They believed they could talk to gods, they also decided when to plant crops and when people marry and to whom

Maya Underworld

Place of Awe

Ceremonies

Mayan priests preformed these to keep demons locked inside the underworld

Scary masks and jaguar costumes

These were worn during cerimonies to be as scary as the underworld creatures

common people

buried dead in their homes under the floors so their ancestors could keep an eye on them.

nobles

buried in toms

religion

This was the heart of the Mayan society

Mayan Temples

master builders built these for both worship and homes of priets, each had a central courtyard and built ball court at the base.

Step Pyramids

used to honor gods and leaders, some up to 20 feet high, religious ceremonies held on them, religious festivals held every 20 days.

Ruling Class

were at the top of Mayan's, were the noble and priests

Class Society

were where the Mayan's were placed in society

middle class

Mayan craftsman, traders and warriers

Bottom of society

mayan farmers workers and slaves

Surplus Crops

To have an abundance or extra crops

Corn or Malze

important crops to the mayans

Mayan Craftsmen

wove beautiful fabrics, made musical instruments, statues, and art that honored their gods and leaders

Mayan warrier

well trained, highly respected, created confidence building shield.

Mayan nobility

ruling family of royal blood

Mayan Slaves

captured from warring tribes, cared for nobles children, cleaned house and worked in fields

Mayan Government

used system of city-states which is a region under control of a city headed by a ruler

Hereditary

Passed down from family member to family member

Maya law

`strict, accused of crime have trial, small crime-hair cut short, major crime-become slave of victim

Hieroglyphies

form of written language using "glyphs"

Glyphs

picture or symbol used to represent a sound, a word, or a syllable.

Codices

books about mayan gods, leaders, daily life and events

codex

a single book

stelac

huge stones carved with hieroglyphics

Mayan Achievements

system of writing, system of government, ball courts, zero, fair laws and trials by judges

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set