Valley of Mexico
where the Aztecs first lived
was the capital for Aztecs 400 years ago and means Prickly Pear
Legend of Tenochtitlen
One of the gods said to build a city on the spot where they see an eagle sitting on a cactis with a serpent in it's talons
a large area of different people controlled by one ruler or government
Aztec boys trained to become these
Jaguar, Eagle and Knight
leaders of the Aztec Army
a person killed during regions ceremonies
War was part of the Aztecs
Aztecs believed that gods needed to be fed all the time, if they were not the gods grew weak and this would not shine and the crops would not grow.
They were artists, crafters, Traders and priests
They built roads bridges and cities
lived in the Andes Mountains in South America
The capital of Incas in Southern Peru
This stretched from Ecuador to Chile
Was the 9th Inca ruler and a strong military leader and administrator
Incas worshiped him "Son God"
Great road builders, they had paved roads
passed along messages to all parts of the Empire
Grew potatoes, tomatoes, corn, beans and peppers
A type of farming which was done on side of mountains
used for irrigation
Surples of food kept here
Created crafts, textiles gold and silver jewlery
Incas recorded information with knotted colored string
When the Inca Empire ended
Why the Inca Empire ended
Aztecs, Maya's and Inca's are called this
The reason why the 3 great cicilizations developed
This stretched from highlands of modern-day Guatemala to coastal plains of Pacific Coast to tropical Peninsula rainforests.
These have busting markeplace, open air plazas, one huge pyramid, large temple and ball court
Tikal and Copan
2 largest Mayan cities
They believed they could talk to gods, they also decided when to plant crops and when people marry and to whom
Place of Awe
Mayan priests preformed these to keep demons locked inside the underworld
Scary masks and jaguar costumes
These were worn during cerimonies to be as scary as the underworld creatures
buried dead in their homes under the floors so their ancestors could keep an eye on them.
buried in toms
This was the heart of the Mayan society
master builders built these for both worship and homes of priets, each had a central courtyard and built ball court at the base.
used to honor gods and leaders, some up to 20 feet high, religious ceremonies held on them, religious festivals held every 20 days.
were at the top of Mayan's, were the noble and priests
were where the Mayan's were placed in society
Mayan craftsman, traders and warriers
Bottom of society
mayan farmers workers and slaves
To have an abundance or extra crops
Corn or Malze
important crops to the mayans
wove beautiful fabrics, made musical instruments, statues, and art that honored their gods and leaders
well trained, highly respected, created confidence building shield.
ruling family of royal blood
captured from warring tribes, cared for nobles children, cleaned house and worked in fields
used system of city-states which is a region under control of a city headed by a ruler
Passed down from family member to family member
`strict, accused of crime have trial, small crime-hair cut short, major crime-become slave of victim
form of written language using "glyphs"
picture or symbol used to represent a sound, a word, or a syllable.
books about mayan gods, leaders, daily life and events
a single book
huge stones carved with hieroglyphics
system of writing, system of government, ball courts, zero, fair laws and trials by judges