Cell Functions

15 terms by kmermel 

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vacuole

stores materials; found in plant and animal cells (eukaryotes)

vesicle

stores materials; found in plant and animal cells (eukaryotes)

lysosome

breaks down and recycles macromolecules

cytoskeleton

maintains cell shape; moves cell parts; helps cells move; found in plant and animal cells

microfilaments

threadlike structures made up of actin; form extensive networks in cells; produce a tough flexible framework that supports cell

microtubules

hollow structures made up of proteins known as tubulins; play critical roles in maintaining cell shape; form a structure known as the mitotic spindle, which helps to separate chromosomes

endoplasmic reticulum

assembles proteins and lipids; found in animal and plant cells

ribosomes

synthesize proteins; found in prokaryotes and eukaryotes

golgi apparatus

modifies, sorts, and packages proteins and lipids for storage or transport out of the cell; found in plant and animal cells

cell wall

shapes, supports, and protects the cell; found in prokaryotes and plant cells

cell membrane

regulates materials entering and leaving cell; protects and supports cell; found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes

cytoplasm

contains organelles; fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus; found in all cells

nucleus

contains DNA; found in eukaryotes

mitochondria

convert chemical energy in food to usable compounds; found in plant and animal cells

chloroplasts

convert solar energy to chemical energy stored in food; found in plant cells

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