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Basilica

Worship, Apse is main focus at west end, Nave opposite end, Narethex for non-baptized

Martyria

Commemorating saints, memorializing dead, tomb, services, double side aisles

Baptistry

Centrally planned, commonly octagon, minimal decor, arches support dome

Mausoulea

Important people/few visitors, tombs, central plan with cross-section, aisles around circular nave

Tunica interior

fitted, full-length robes

Tunica Superior

short, wide sleeved robes

Segmentae

applied patches on byzantine dress

Pallium

long, narrow, jeweled scarf

Paludamentum

Large elaborate cloak fastened at one shoulder

Tablion

square, cape-like garment worn over paludamentum

Squinch

square base, round dome

Pendantive

Dome with base of arches

Tiraz

Islamic textile workshops controlled by local rulers

Shrine

centrally planned, similar to EC Mausoleum, geometric designs

Mosques

services & speeches inside, domes, designed for prayer

Sahn

Exterior courtyard to mosque

Minarets

Towers for call to prayer

Mihrab

Indicate direction fo mecca

Mimbar

Elevated seat for readings in mosque

Trabeated

Post & Lintel construction

Arcuated

A structure that depends on arches for support

Nave

Central portion of a basilica or church

Vestibulum

Outdoor area in front of home where guests wait to enter

Atrium

A courtyard open to the sky w/rooms on all sides

Transept

Portion of structure that crosses the main structure at a right angle creating a cross-like shape

Apse

Curved end of building opposite entrance

Ambulatories

Walkway between apse & altar

Thawb

Ankle-length garment, similar to a robe

Burda

Covering over the Thawb

Westwerk

West side entry 2 towers

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