Changing attributes of place
Built landscape- Represented by those features and patterns reflecting human occupation.
Sequent occupation- Successive societies leaving their cultural imprints on a place.
Arithmetic- Total number of objects in an area
Physiological- Number of persons per unit of area.
Cultural Hearth- Region where ideas originate.
Relocation- Spread of a feature.
Expansion- Spread of a trend.
Hierarchical- Spread of a feature through key people.
Contagious- Rapid spread of a trend.
Stimulus- Spread of an underlying principle.
Absolute- Exactly located
Relative- Where you are relative to other objects.
Absolute- Exact measurement between places.
Relative- Approximate measurement between places.
Arrangement of something on the earth's surface.
How the physical environment caused human activities.
Absolute- The position on the earth using latitude and longitude.
Relative- Location on the earth relative to other features.
Site- Physical character of place.
Situation- location of place relative to other places.
Place name- Name given to a certain place.
Nature limiting what humans can do.
Formal- Place where everyone shares at least one characteristic.
Functional- Organized a focal point.
Perceptual- A region that people believe to exist as part of their cultural identity.
Relationship between the size of something on a map and the actual size.
Accessibility- The ability to obtain something from a given point.
Connectivity- People can connect to things in nature.
Network- A system of interrelated buildings.
Distance decay- The diminishing of importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Friction of distance- Spatial interactions will take place more frequently over shorter distance.
Time-space compression- Increases the speed at which we can receive information and reduce the significance.
Geographic Information System (GIS)
A computer that can capture, store, query, analyze, and display geographic information.
Global Positioning System (GPS)
Accurately determines the precise position of something on earth.
Parallel- A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to meridians and helps to define a time zone along with a meridian.
Equator- Line that goes through the center of the earth.
Meridian- An ark drawn between the north and south poles.
Prime meridian- The meridian that passes through Greenwich, England where everyday has 12 hours of sunlight.
International dateline- Follows closely 180 degrees longitude.
Thematic- Displays the spatial pattern of a theme or series of attributes and emphasize spatial variation of one or a small number of geographic distributions.
Statistical- A map that shows statistics of some event.
Cartogram- A map that shows information that is distorted.
Isoline- A type of topographic map that connects two points where the function has the same value.
A map of a person's personal point of view of the world.
Acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet.
24 zones that are 1,000 miles apart from the other. Each one is an hour before or after the one next to it, and by passing the international dateline, you either go forward or backwards 24 hours.