writ of mandamus
an extraordinary writ commanding an official to perform a ministerial act that the law recognizes as an absolute duty and not a matter for the official's discretion
Judiciary Act of 1801
a law that increased the number of federal judges, allowing President John Adams to fill most of the new posts with Federalists
Napoleon's efforts to block foreign trade with England by forbidding Importation of British goods Into Europe.
1807 - The American ship Chesapeake refused to allow the British on the Leopard to board to look for deserters. In response, the Leopard fired on the Chesapeake. As a result of the incident, the U.S. expelled all British ships from its waters until Britain issued an apology. They surrendered the colony to the English on Sept. 8, 1664.
signed by thomas jefferson in 1807 - stop export of all american goods and american ships from sailing for foreign ports
it allowed Americans to carry or trade with all nations except for Britian and France
Plundering pirates off the Mediterranean coast of Africa; President Thomas Jefferson's refusal to pay them tribute to protect American ships sparked an undeclared naval war with North African nations
Native American woman who served as a guide an interpreter for the Lewis and Clark expedition