Kayla History CH 3

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kayla history ch3

What are the islands called that lie largely within the Arctic Circle, including Baffin Island, Victoria Island, and Ellesmere Island?

Arctic Islands

Name the world's largest bay.

Hudson Bay

What is the largest seaway in the world?

St Lawrence Seaway

Name the largest group of freshwater of freshwater lakes in the world.

The Great Lakes

What beautiful waterfalls are shared by the U.S. and Canada?

Niagara Falls

Name the largest lake entirely within Canada. It's also the world's seventh largest freshwater lake.

Great Bear Lake

Name the source of the Mackenzie River. It's the ninth largest freshwater lake in the world.

Great Slave Lake

What is Canada's longest river?

MacKenzie River

Name the bay famous for its extremely high tides.

Bay of Fundy

What is Canada's highest peak?

Mount Logan

discovered the North American continent

Leif Ericson

the first modern explorer to discover the New World

Christopher Columbus

the first modern explorer to reach the North American mainland

John Cabot

gave France a chim to Canada nad opened the way for a valuable fur trade between the French and Indians

Jacques Cartier

the first one in Canada

Samuel de Champlain

discovered the Hudson Bay

Henry Hudson

two English sea captains who explored and mapped the Pacific coast

Captain Cook & Captain Vancouver

wrote Anne of Gren Gables

Lacy Maud Montgomery

missionary from Virginia to the black community in Nova Scotia

David George

the "apostle of Nova Scotia"

Henry Alline

pioneer missionary to the Indians of Ontario and Manitoba

James Evans

served as the superintendent of Presbyterian Missions for Manitoba and the Northwest

James Robertson

co-discoverers of insulin for diabetes

Frederick Bantig & Charles Best

two famous Canadian missionaries to China

Jonathan Goforth & Isobel Kuhn

fundamentalist pastor known for his defense of the Bible against liberalism

TT Shields

a sea route through North America to the riches of Asia

Northwest Passage

the French claims in the New World were called this

New France

Canada's oldest business

Hudson's Bay Company

because the boundaries of the French and English territories were not clearly defined, conflicts between France and England over land

French and Indian War

Loyal to the King

Loyalists

refused to pledge their loyalty to the British

Acadians

the world's second tallest freestanding structure

CN Tower

find gold in the river's and rocks; made Yukon famous

Klondike Gold Rush

the only public highway above the Arctic Circle that is open year-round

Dempster Highway

robotic arm for the US space shuttle

Canadarm

Leader of the nation

prime minister

the personal representative of the British monarch

governor general

Canada's world famous police force; formed to stop men from US from crossover to Canada

Mounties

easternmost point of the Trans-Canada Highway

St Johns

Canada's oldest large city; only walled city in Canada or U.S.

Quebec City

Canada's second largest city; one of the world's largest inland ports

Montreal

capital of Canada; hosts of the Tulip festival

Ottowa

Calanda's largest city; location of the CN Tower

Toronto

Canada's leading grain market; "Gateway to the West"

Winnepeg

Polar Bear Capital of the World

Churchill

famous for its ten-day rodeo held every July

Calgary

Canada's third largest city; "Canada's Gateway to the Pacific"

Vancouver

world rank in size

2

official languages

French English

kind of government

constitiutional monarchy

major industries

trade, food, automobile

national resources

minerals, forests, fishing

patriotic songs

O Canada & "God Save the Queen"

national symbol

maple leaf and beaver

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