Chapter 13 - Archetecture

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Using a steel fromework with masonary sheathing, the _____, designed by Louis Sullivan, is thought by many to be the first genuinely modern building

Wainwright Building

Two factors that decide the success of any structural system are

weight and tensile strength

Stacking and piling is another term for

load-bearing construction

Langston Hughes Library was designed by

Maya Lin

The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles are known as the

Greek orders

They Byodo-in, in Kyoto, Japan is an elegant example of

post-and-lintel architecture

The ability of a material to span horizontal distances with a minimum of support is called

tensile strength

Built almost 2000 years ago, the _____ is an enduring testament to the Roman use of the arch

Pont du Gard at Nimes

Built for the World's Fair in 1889, the _____ was an early experiment in iron construction

Eiffel Tower

_____ is most famous for his design of the geodesic dome

Buckminster Fuller

The International Style emphasizes

All of the above

The design for the East Building of the National Fallery, uses the same material as the West Building, but _____ created the bold shapes of a modernist exterior for his contrasting yet compatible building

M. Pei

A _____ is a horizontal form supported at only one end

cantilever

_____ rotated 360 degrees on its axis is called a dome

an arch

When a large hall is built using post-and lintel construction methods, the resulting "virtual forest of columns" is called a

hypostyle hall

The two basic families of structural systems in architecture are

the shell and the skeleton and skin

The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles of columns were developed by the Ancient Greeks in the _____ centuries BCE respectively

7th. 6th, and 4th

According to the author, a _____ is actually an arch extended in depth, as if there are "many arches placed flush one behind the other

barrel vault

Builders of Gothic cathedrals reinforced the walls of their architecture from the outside with

both a & c
piers and flying buttresses

According to Frank Gehry, the forms of his Guggenheim Museum in Bibao, Spain, unfold like an

great "metal flower"

The physical stability of a building depends on the _____ of its architecture

structural system

Gustave Eiffel's famous tower in Paris, France, was constructed of

iron

To distribute the weight of its roof onto its posts, the Byodo-in Temple in Kyoto, Japan, utilizes

bracket sets

The simplest building-construction system is the _____ structure

post-and-lintel

Compared to the post-and-lintel, an arch has the advantage of

All these answers are correct

An arch rotated 360 degrees on its axis is called

a dome

As seen in Hagia Sophia, the transitional section between the dome and the rectangular base is a

pendentive

The use of steel-frame construction and the elevator made possible what type of architecture

the skyscraper

In 1947, R. Buckminster Fuller patented the design that he is still best known for today, the

geodesic dome

There are two main systems of structural support in architecture, skeleton and skin and

shell

Skeleton and skin construction can be observed in

skyscrapers

Structural systems must take two factors into account: tensile strength and

weight

The Parthenon is an example of a building constructed using the _____ system and the _____ order

post and lintel / Doric

The _____ order has a capital of

Corinthian / a canthus leaves

The arch differs from post and lintel construction in that it

can cover quite large spaces

Round arches were used for ______ churches; pointed arches were used for _____ churches

Romanesque / Gothic

Probably the most famous example of a dome on pendentives is the

Hagia Sophia

_____ iron framework supporting a glass skin was the forerunner of modern skyscrapers

Paxton's

The Industrial Revolution introduced the all-important

nail

Skyscrapers wouldn't have been feasible without the concurrent invention of

elevators

The Rock-and_Roll Hall of Fame was designed by

Pei

Postmodern buildings are usually characterized by

curves and decorative details

The Chrysler Building is done in the style called

Art Deco

The Wright-designed house "fallingwater" makes use of the technique called

cantilever

Although he was not trained as an architect, Thomas Jefferson designed the arvhitecture and overall layout for

the University of Virginia

The Chapel Notre-Dame-du-Haut in Ronchamp was designed by

Le Corbusier

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