Chapter 9 Vocabulary

15 terms by bell94

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Deoxyribose

Five-carbon sugar found in DNA nucleotides

Polymearse

Enzyme that adds nucleotides to expose nitrogen bases

Vaccine

substance prepared from killed or weakened microorganisms

Transformation

Change in genotype of bacteria caused by the presence of foreign genetic material

Double Helix

the shape of DNA; two strands twisted around each other like a winding staircase.

Bacteriophage

a virus that infects bacteria

Helicase

enzyme that separates DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds that link the nitrogen bases

Nucleotides

The subunits that make up DNA.

complementary base pairs

relationship of two DNA strands to each other.

Virulent

Able to cause disease.

Base-Pairing rules

describe the arrangment of the nitrogen bases between two DNA strands

DNA Replication

the process by which DNA is copied

replication fork

the area that results after the double helix separates during replication

DNA helicase

open the double helix by breaking the hydrogen bonds that link the complementary nitrogen bases between the two strands

DNA polymerases

enzymes that move along each ot the DNA strands

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set