American Revolution AP US History

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George Washington

Commander in Chief of the Continental Army. Chosen because he was a Virginian.

Benedict Arnold

General during the American Revolution who originally fought for the American Continental Army but committed treason and switched over to the British Army. He plotted with the British to sell out the key stronghold of West Point.

Thomas Paine

Radical English American who was the author of the 1776 pamphlet, Common Sense. He preached that is was against common sense for small island to rule a big one. Therefore, it made no sense for small Britain to rule large America.

Thomas Jefferson

Virginian who was an American Founding Father and author of the Declaration of Independence.

George Rogers Clark

Soldier from Virginia and the highest ranking American Military officer on the northwestern frontier during the American Revolution.He served as leader of the Kentucky militia throughout much of the war.

John Hancock

Prominent Patriot of the American Revolution. He is remember for his large signature on the Declaration of Independence.

Paul Revere

American silversmith and Patriot during the American Revolution. Famous for alerting the Colonial militia of approaching British forces before the battle of Lexington and Concord. He never really finished the ride.

Sam Adams

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George III

King of Great Britain and Ireland during the American Revolution.

Crispus Attucks

American Slave, merchant, seaman, and dockworker in Massachusetts. He was the first person shot to death during the Boston Massacre.

Baron Von Steuben

Prussian-born military officer who served as inspector general and Major General of the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Taught the Continental Army the essentials of military drills, tactics, and disciplines.

Marquis de Lafayette

French aristocrat and military officer who served as major-general in the Continental Army under George Washington. Also gave some $200,000 of his private funds to America.

General Cornwallis

British Army officer and colonial administrator. One of the leading British generals in the American Revolution. Surrendered at the siege of Yorktown to combined American and French forces.

Joseph Brant

Mohawk military and political leader He converted to Anglicanism and believed that a victorious Britain would prevent Americans from further expanding into the West. He urged to scalping of Americans. Head of the Iroquois. (Job was to keep the 5 nations of the Iroquois loyal.)

Champagne Charley Townshend

British Politician who persuaded Parliament in 1767 to pass the Townshend Acts. These acts placed a light tax on glass, white lead, paper, paint, and tea.

Jane McCrea

Young woman who was slain by Native Americans associated with the British army of Lieutenant General John Burgoyne. Her killing increased Patriotic attitude throughout the colonies.

Gentlemen Johnny Burgoyne

British army officer, politician, and dramatist during the American Revolution. British commander at Saratoga. Surrendered his army of 5,000 men to the American troops.

Patrick Henry

Attorney, planter, and politician from Virginia. He was a Patriot who led opposition to the Stamp Act of 1765 and is remembered for his "Give me Liberty, or Give me Death!" speech.

Ethan Allen

Head of the Green Mountain Boys. Captured Fort Ticonderoga.

Benjamin Franklin

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Alexander Hamilton

Washington's right hand man during the American Revolution. He wanted to be President, but he was born in Britain.

John Jay

American statesmen, patriot, diplomat, and one of the Found Fathers. First Chief Justice of the United States. Negotiated favorable trade terms with Great Britain in the Treaty of London 1794.

William Dawes

Finished alerting the colonial militia of the British arrival before the battle of Lexington & Concord. He was never given true credit. Paul Revere was.

mercenary

What the Americans called the Hessian. Soldiers for hiring.

Loyalist

American colonists who remained loyal to the Kingdom of Great Britain and King George III.

Tories

Loyalist.

1st Continental Congress

The convention of Delegates that formed after the Intolerable Acts. Representatives of 12 colonies.

Nonimportation Agreement

Agreement in the colonies for the colonists to not import good from the British. American became self dependent and united through this agreement.

Mercantilism

Theory that trade generates wealth and is stimulated by profit.

Salutary Neglect

An undocumented British policy that avoided strict enforcement of Parliament Laws. Meant to keep the American colonies loyal to Britain.

Patriots

Colonists who rebelled against the Kingdom of Great Britain an King George III.

Treaty of Paris 1783

Ended the American Revolutionary War and the battle between Great Britain and the Colonies.

Common Sense

A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1776. It stated that a small island should not rule a big one. Thus, tiny Great Britain should not rule the large American Colonies.

The Crisis

Written by Thomas Paine. Gave colonists morals, clarified issues on war, and advocated negotiated peace.

Hessians

German mercenaries hired by the British. Place in the colonies.

Lexington & Concord

First military engagements of the American Revolution. Lexington- British fired their first shots at the Americans. Concord-Americans first fired at British.

Bunker Hill

(Breed's Hill) Boston significance is higher than American defeat. (Mr. Moore's words.)

Ticonderoga

Where cannons were placed around Boston. Forced the British out.

Vincennes

The Indian Major British post. George Rogers Clark defeats them. He gets Appalachian Land.

Saratoga

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Valley Forge

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Cowpens

Turning point in the South.

Yorktown

Final major battle of the American Revolution. Cornwallis surrendered to the American/French.

Blue Licks

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Princeton & Trenton

Washington defeats drunk Germans. Americans will resist to weakness.

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