figure of speech in which one thing is referred to another: "my love is a fragile flower"
figure of speech that uses like, as, or as if to make direct comparison between two essentially different objects, actions, or qualities: "the sky looked like an artist's canvas"
figure of speech in which a part of something is used to represent a whole, such as using "boards" to mean a stage of "wheels" to mean a car or "all hands on deck"
figure of speech that uses the name of an object, person, or idea to represent something with which it is associated, such as using "the crown" to refer to a monarch also "the pen is mightier than the sword"
attribution to human qualities to a nonhuman or inanimate object
the use of a single word in such a way that it is syntactically related to two or more words elsewhere in the sentence, but has a different meaning in relation to each of the other words: "there is a certain type of woman who'd rather PRESS grapes than clothes." "When I address Fred I never have to raise either my voice or my hopes"
use of words that sound that sound like what they mean such as "hiss", "Buzz", "slam", "boom"
deliberate exaggeration in order to create humor or emphasis: "he was so hungry he could have eaten a horse"
trope in which one makes a deliberate understatement for emphasis: "young lovers are kissing each other and one says, i think they like each other"
one that does not expect an explicit answer. used to pose an idea to be considered by the speaker or audience
situation or statement i which the actual outcome or meaning is opposite to what was expected
figure of speech composed to contradictory words or phrases: "wise fool", "bitter-sweet"
statement that seems to contradict itself but that turns out to have a rational meaning: "i never found the companion that was so companionable as solitude"
technique of arranging words, phrases, clauses or larger structures by placing them side by side and making them similar in form.
presentation of two contrasting images: "to be or not to be" "ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country"
mark or series of marks that usually indicate an intentional omission of a word or a phrase from the original text.
commas used to separate a series of words: instead of X,Y, AND Z; X, Y, Z
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words that are close to one another: Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck
repetition of vowel sounds between different consonants
repetition of a word, phrase or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row. Helps make the writer's point more coherent
arrangement of repeated thoughts in the pattern XYYX; often short and summarizes the main idea: "let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate"
sentence which uses AND or another conjunction (without commas) to separate the items in a series: X AND Y AND Z