Riverton Cell division 8.1 Chromosomes

10 terms by cynitajones 

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autosomes

all chromosomes except the sex chromosomes

centromere

the constricted portion of a chromsome where the chromtids join.

chromatid

half of a chromosome

diploid

refers to having two sets of chromosomes

haploid

refers to having one set of chromsomes

histone

proteins that help the chromosomes maintain shape and coiling of the chromosome

homologous chromsomes

The two copies of each autosome

karyotype

A photomicrograph of a complete set of chromsomes

nonhistone

proteins that help the DNA carry on activties.

sex chromosomes

the chromosomes that help determine the sex of the individual

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