Art History Exam 1: Architecture

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Stonehenge

-Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire England
-Neolithic Period
-MEGALITH; HENGE

The Ziggurat at Ur

-Field brick over mud brick core
-Mesopotamian
-ZIGGURAT; INNANA (NANNA-SIN)

Step Pyramid of King Zoser

-Saqqara
-by Imhotep
-cut stone
-Old Kingdom, Egypt
-MASTABA; KA

The Great Pyramids at Gizeh

-limestone and granite
-Old Kingdom, Egypt
-MASTABA; KA

The Pyramid of the Sun

-Teotihuacan,Mexico
-Pre-Columbian
-TEOTIHUACAN

Buddhist Temple of Borabudur

-Java, Indonesia
-Buddhist
-STUPA; MANDALA

Hypostyle Hall, Temple of Amun

-Karnak
-New Kingdom Egyptian
-PYLON ENTRANCE; HYPOSTYLE HALL; CLERESTORY

Second Temple of Hera

-Paestum, Italy
-Stone
-Greek Classical
-ACROPOLIS; CLASSICAL ORDERS

Parthenon

-Acropolis, Athens
-by Kallikrates and Iktinos
-Marble
-Greek Classical
-ACROPOLIS; CLASSICAL ORDERS

Temple of Portunus

-Rome
-tufa and travertine overlaid with plaster on a concrete base
-Roman Republic
-PSEUDO-PERIPTERAL; PILASTER; CONCRETE

Pont du Gard (Aqueduct)

-Nimes France
-Roman Empire
-ARCH; BARREL OR TUNNEL VAULT; CROSS OR GROIN VAULT; DOME; FORUM; BALILICA; OCULUS; ROMAN GRID PLAN--CARDO & DECUMANUS

Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheatre)

-Rome
-Begun by Vespasian
-Roman Empire
-ARCH; BARREL OR TUNNEL VAULT; CROSS OR GROIN VAULT; DOME; FORUM; BALILICA; OCULUS; ROMAN GRID PLAN--CARDO & DECUMANUS

Forum of Trajan

-Rome
-by Apollodorus of Damascus
-Roman Empire
-ARCH; BARREL OR TUNNEL VAULT; CROSS OR GROIN VAULT; DOME; FORUM; BALILICA; OCULUS; ROMAN GRID PLAN--CARDO & DECUMANUS

Basilica Ulpia

-Forum of Trajan
-Roman Empire
-ARCH; BARREL OR TUNNEL VAULT; CROSS OR GROIN VAULT; DOME; FORUM; BALILICA; OCULUS; ROMAN GRID PLAN--CARDO & DECUMANUS

Pantheon

-Rome
-by Emperor Hadrian
-Roman Empire
-ARCH; BARREL OR TUNNEL VAULT; CROSS OR GROIN VAULT; DOME; FORUM; BALILICA; OCULUS; ROMAN GRID PLAN--CARDO & DECUMANUS

Atrium of the House of the Menander

-Pompeii
-DOMUS (ATRIUM, IMPLUVIUM, CONPLUVIUM, PERISTYLE GARDEN)

Old St. Peters Basilica

-Rome
-Plan: Cross section and Reconstruction drawing of the interior
-Early Christian
-CONSTANTINE; BASILICA OR LATIN CROSS CHURCH PLAN (ATRIUM, NARTHEX, NAVE, AISLES, TRANSCEPT, APSE); CENTRALLY PLANNED CHURCH (NAVE; AMBULATORY)

Interior, Santa Costanza

-Rome
-Early Christian
-CONSTANTINE; BASILICA OR LATIN CROSS CHURCH PLAN (ATRIUM, NARTHEX, NAVE, AISLES, TRANSCEPT, APSE); CENTRALLY PLANNED CHURCH (NAVE; AMBULATORY)

San Vitale

-Ravenna, Italy
-Byzantine
-JUSTINIAN; PENDENTIVES; HALF-DOMES, SCREEN WALL

Hagia Sophia

-Istanbul (Constantinople), Turkey
-Byzantine
-JUSTINIAN; PENDENTIVES; HALF-DOMES, SCREEN WALL

Chinese Imperial City of Chang-An

-Chinese Architecture
-STUPA; TORANA; MANDALA; SHINTO, ANGKOR

The Great Stupa at Sanchi

-India
-Indian Architecture
-STUPA; TORANA; MANDALA; SHINTO, ANGKOR

Shinto Shrine at Ise Japan

-Japan
-Japanese Architecture
-STUPA; TORANA; MANDALA; SHINTO, ANGKOR

Temple Complex at Angkor Wat

-Cambodia
-Cambodian Architecture
-STUPA; TORANA; MANDALA; SHINTO, ANGKOR

Pilgrimage Church of Saint Foy at Conques

-France
-Romanesque
-PILGRIMAGE; SANTIAGO DE CAMPOSTELA, RELIC; RELIQUARY (ROMANESQUE CHURCH PAN: NAVE, SIDE AISLE, TRANSCEPT, CROSSING, AMBULATORY, RADIATING CHAPELS); ROUND ARCHESL BARREL VAULTS; CLERESTORY

Mosque at Cordoba

-Spain
-Islamic
-MOSQUE; HYPOSTYLE HALL, QUIBLA; MINARET

Plan of and Ideal Monastery at St. Gall, Switzerland

-Switzerland
-Medieval Monastery
-MONASTERY SCRIPTORIUM

Cathedral of Notre Dame, Chartres

-France
-Gothic
-GOTHIC; ABBOT SUGER; CATHEDRAL; (PARTS--POINTED ARCHES; RIBBED CROSS VAULTS; CLERESTORY; FLYING BUTTRESSES; CLUSTER PIERS)

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