AP Art History-Roman Art

46 terms by flowergirl 

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barrel vault

semi-cylindrical in cross section; a deep arch or uninterrupted series of arches one behind another

groin vault

formed at the point at which two barrel vaults intersect at right angles

pseudoperipteral

series of engaged columns all around the siddes and back of the cella to give appearance of peripteral colonnade

ampitheater

outdoor arena with circular set-up and rows of seats ascending in height

atrium

large central reception area

basilica

Roman public building, generally located in the town's forum

cubiculum

small bedrooms

forum

public space in middle of a Roman city

impluvium

basin for rainwater

peristyle garden

with marble tables and splendid murals

triclinium

dining room

fauces

narrow foyer

tablinium

home office

peristyle

colonnade around atrium

colosseum

elliptical amphitheater in the center of Rome

Pont-du-Gard

aqueduct in South of France built by the Roman empire

rusticated masonry

squared-off and left with a more or less rough surface, with a deep "V" emphasizing edges of each block

apotheosis

the ascent of a mortal to heaven

apse

a semicircular recess in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church

basilica

civic building for legal and other civic proceedings, rectangular in plan with an entrance usually on a long side

Circus Maximus

famous competition with large arena

continuous narration

the convention of the same figure appearing more than once in the same space at different stages in a story

encaustic painting

technique in which pigment is mixed with hot wax and applied to the surface while hot

equestrian portrait

a portrait of a Roman on his horse; conveys pride and authority

insula

a multistory apartment ouse, generally made of a brick-faced concrete; also refers to an entire city block

oculus

round central opening of a dome

caladrium

hot water section of a Roman bathing establishment

frigidarium

the cold-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment

tepidarium

warm water section of Roman bathing establishment

tempera

painting method, using pigment mixed with egged yolk

verism

super realism; as seen in Republican portraits

engaged column

column embedded in a wall and partly projecting from the surface of the wall

catacomb

Subterranean network of rock cut galleries and chambers, designed as cemeteries for burial of dead

swags

conventional arrangements of flowers, foliage or fruit bound and suspended by ribbons

molding

continuous, narrow surface (projecting or recessed) designed to break up a surface, to accent or to decorate

meander

an ornament, usually in bands but also covering broad surfaces, consisting of interlocking geometric motifs

broken pediment

a pediment open or broken at the apex; gap filled with an urn, cartouche, or other ornament

coffers

sunken panel in the shape of a rectangle, square, or octagon in a ceiling or vault; used in Pantheon's construction to keep it light with such a big dome

drum

upright part of building on which a dome is raised

rosettes

painted, carved, or sculpted ornament having a circular ornament parts radiating out from the center like petals of a rose

menorah

seven-branched candelabrum; symbol of Judaism for nearly 3000 years and emblem of Israel

spandrels

space between an arch and a rectangular enclosure or two arches

atmospheric perspective

as distance between an object and viewer increases, contrast between the object and it background is reduced

still life

paintings (and sometimes sculpture) that depict familiar objects such as household items and food.

tondo

circular work of art; either a painting or a sculpture

diptych

any object with two flat plates attached a hinge

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