Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Central

urban society

a system in which cities are the center of political, economic and social life

secular

worldly

mercenary

a soldier who sells his services to the highest bidder

dowry

a gift of money or property paid at the time of marriage

humanism

intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on the study of the humanities which included grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy and history

fresco

a painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water-based paints

Christian humanism

a movement that developed in Northern Europe during the Renaissance combining classical learning (humanism) with the goal of reforming the Catholic Church

salvation

the state of being saved through faith alone or through faith and good works

indulgence

a release from all or part of punishment for sin by the Catholic Church, reducing time in purgatory after death

predestination

the belief that God has determined in advance who will be saved(the elect) and who will be damned(the reprobate)

annul

declare invalid

renaissance

rebirth; a rebirth of the ancient Greek and ROman worlds from 1350-1550; began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe

Johannes Gutenberg

developed the printing press; Gutenberg Bible - the first European book produced from movable type

Ninety-five Theses

an attack on abuses in the sale of indulgences; gave rise to separate religious reform movements and to the breakdown of religious unity in Europe

Edict of Worms

made Martin Luther an outlaw within the empire; his books were to be burned, etc.; turned turned his relligious movement into a revolution

Leonardo da Vinci

Italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist; "Last Supper"

Francesco Sforza

last Visconti ruler of Milan; conquered the city; leader of a band of mercenaries

Medici

Florence; wealthy family who controlled the government from behind the scenes

Niccolo Machiavelli

Italian author and statesman who wrote "The Prince" - concerns how to acquire, and keep, political power

Petrarch

father of the Italian Renaissance humanism

Dante

Italian author; "Divine Comedy" - story of a soul's journey to salvation; helped make Italian vernacular literature popular

Michaelangelo

painter, sculptor, and architect; painiting on the ceiling of the SIstine Chapel in Rome

Jan van Eyck

Flemish painter - first to use oil paint - enabled more colors to be used

Albrecht Durer

German painter- learned from the Italians; perspective

Chaucer

English author who wrote the "Canterbury Tales" - story of 29 pilgrims traveling to the tomb of St. Thomas a Becket; helped make English vernacular literature popular

Martin Luther

German leader of the Protestant Reformation; wrote 95 Theses in Wittenberg

Desiderius Erasmus

best known of all Christian humanists; "the philosophy of Christ"; "The Praise of Folly"

Protestant Reformation

name given to the religious reform movement that divided the western Church into Cathoic and Protestant groups

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set